Then the Pharisees went out and laid plans to trap him in his words.
They sent their disciples to him along with the Herodians.1 "Teacher," they said, "we know you are a man of integrity and that you teach the way of God in accordance with the truth. You aren't swayed by men, because you pay no attention to who they are.
Tell us then, what is your opinion? Is it right to pay taxes2 to Caesar or not?"
But Jesus, knowing their evil intent, said, "You hypocrites, why are you trying to trap me?19Show me the coin used for paying the tax." They brought him a denarius,
and he asked them, "Whose portrait is this? And whose inscription?"21
"Caesar's," they replied. Then he said to them, "Give to Caesar what is Caesar's,3 and to God what is God's."22
When they heard this, they were amazed. So they left him and went away.4
That same day the Sadducees,5 who say there is no resurrection,6 came to him with a question.
"Teacher," they said, "Moses told us that if a man dies without having children, his brother must marry the widow and have children for him.725
Now there were seven brothers among us. The first one married and died, and since he had no children, he left his wife to his brother.
The same thing happened to the second and third brother, right on down to the seventh.
Finally, the woman died.
Now then, at the resurrection, whose wife will she be of the seven, since all of them were married to her?"
Jesus replied, "You are in error because you do not know the Scriptures8 or the power of God.30At the resurrection people will neither marry nor be given in marriage;9 they will be like the angels in heaven.31But about the resurrection of the dead--have you not read what God said to you,32'I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob'a ?10 He is not the God of the dead but of the living."33
When the crowds heard this, they were astonished at his teaching.11
Hearing that Jesus had silenced the Sadducees,12 the Pharisees got together.
One of them, an expert in the law,13 tested him with this question:
"Teacher, which is the greatest commandment in the Law?"
Jesus replied: " 'Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.'b1438This is the first and greatest commandment.39And the second is like it: 'Love your neighbor as yourself.'c1540All the Law and the Prophets hang on these two commandments."16
While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them,
42"What do you think about the Christd ? Whose son is he?" "The son of David,"17 they replied.
He said to them, "How is it then that David, speaking by the Spirit, calls him 'Lord'? For he says,44" 'The Lord said to my Lord: "Sit at my right hand until I put your enemies under your feet." 'e1845If then David calls him 'Lord,' how can he be his son?"46
No one could say a word in reply, and from that day on no one dared to ask him any more questions.19