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1 The oracle concerning Nineveh.a The book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite.

References for Nahum 1:1

    • a 1:1 - Jnh 3:3-4; 4:11; Zph 2:13

      God's Vengeance

      2 The Lord is a jealous and avenging God; the Lord takes vengeance and is fierce inb wrath. The Lord takes vengeance against His foes; He is furious with His enemies.c

      References for Nahum 1:2

        • b 1:2 - Lit is a master of
        • c 1:2 - Dt 6:15; Jr 46:10; Zph 1:18
          3 The Lord is slow to anger but great in power; the Lord will never leave [the guilty] unpunished. His path is in the whirlwind and storm,d and clouds are the dust beneath His feet.

          References for Nahum 1:3

            • d 1:3 - Ex 34:6-7; Nm 14:18; Isa 29:6
              4 He rebukes the sea so that it dries up, and He makes all the rivers run dry.e Bashan and Carmel wither;f even the flower of Lebanon withers.

              References for Nahum 1:4

                • e 1:4 - 2 Sm 22:16; Ps 106:9; Isa 50:2
                • f 1:4 - Isa 33:9
                  5 The mountains quake before Him, and the hills melt; the earth tremblesgh at His presence- the world and all who live in it.i

                  References for Nahum 1:5

                    • g 1:5 - Some emend to is laid waste
                    • h 1:5 - Lit lifts
                    • i 1:5 - Ps 18:7; Jr 4:24; Am 8:8
                      6 Who can withstand His indignation? Who can endure His burning anger?j His wrath is poured out like fire, even rocks are shattered before Him.

                      References for Nahum 1:6

                        • j 1:6 - Ps 7:11; 69:24; 78:49

                          Destruction of Nineveh

                          7 The Lord is good, a stronghold in a day of distress; He cares for those who take refuge in Him.k

                          References for Nahum 1:7

                            • k 1:7 - 2 Sm 22:3; Ps 17:7; 34:8
                              8 But He will completely destroy Ninevehl with an overwhelming flood, and He will chase His enemies into darkness.

                              References for Nahum 1:8

                                • l 1:8 - Lit her place
                                  9 Whatever youm plot against the Lord, He will bring [it] to complete destruction; oppression will not rise up a second time.

                                  References for Nahum 1:9

                                    • m 1:9 - Nineveh
                                      10 For they will be consumed like entangled thorns, like a drunkard's drink, and like straw that is fully dry.n

                                      References for Nahum 1:10

                                        • n 1:10 - Hb obscure
                                          11 One has gone out from Nineveh,o who plots evil against the Lord, and is a wicked counselor.

                                          References for Nahum 1:11

                                            • o 1:11 - Lit from you

                                              Promise of Judah's Deliverance

                                              12 This is what the Lord says: Though they are strongp and numerous, they will still be mowed down, and heq will pass away. Though I have afflicted you,r I will afflict you no longer.

                                              References for Nahum 1:12

                                                • p 1:12 - Lit intact
                                                • q 1:12 - either the king of Assyria or his army
                                                • r 1:12 - Judah
                                                  13 For I will now break off hiss yoke from you and tear off your shackles.

                                                  References for Nahum 1:13

                                                    • s 1:13 - Probably the king of Assyria

                                                      The Assyrian King's Demise

                                                      14 The Lord has issued an order concerning you:t There will be no offspring to carry on your name.u I will eliminate the carved idol and cast image from the house of your gods;v I will prepare your grave, for you are contemptible.

                                                      References for Nahum 1:14

                                                        • t 1:14 - Probably the king of Assyria
                                                        • u 1:14 - Lit It will not be sown from your name any longer
                                                        • v 1:14 - Dt 27:15; Jdg 18:14
                                                          15 w Look to the mountains- the feet of one bringing good news and proclaiming peace!x Celebrate your festivals, Judah; fulfill your vows. For the wicked one will never again march through you; he will be entirely wiped out.

                                                          References for Nahum 1:15

                                                            • w 1:15 - Nah 2:1 in Hb
                                                            • x 1:15 - Isa 52:7; 61:1; Rm 10:15