Paul Answers an Objection

1 So what advantage does the Jew have? Or what is the benefit of circumcision?

References for Romans 3:1

      2 Considerable in every way. First, they were entrusted with the spoken words of God.
      3 What then? If some did not believe, will their unbelief cancel God's faithfulness?
      4 Absolutely not! God must be true, but everyone is a liar,a as it is written: That You may be justified in Your words and triumph when You judge. b

      References for Romans 3:4

        • a 3:4 - Ps 116:11 LXX
        • b 3:4 - Ps 51:4
          5 But if our unrighteousness highlightsc God's righteousness, what are we to say? I use a human argument:d Is God unrighteous to inflict wrath?

          References for Romans 3:5

            • c 3:5 - Or shows, or demonstrates
            • d 3:5 - Lit I speak as a man
              6 Absolutely not! Otherwise, how will God judge the world?
              7 But if by my lie God's truth is amplified to His glory, why am I also still judged as a sinner?
              8 And why not say, just as some people slanderously claim we say, "Let us do evil so that good may come"? Their condemnation is deserved!

              The Whole World Guilty before God

              9 What then? Are we any better?e Not at all! For we have previously charged that both Jews and Gentilesf are all under sin,g

              References for Romans 3:9

                • e 3:9 - Are we Jews any better than the Gentiles?
                • f 3:9 - Lit Greeks
                • g 3:9 - Under sin's power or dominion
                  10 as it is written:h There is no one righteous, not even one;

                  References for Romans 3:10

                    • h 3:10 - Paul constructs this charge from a chain of OT quotations, mainly from the Psalms.
                      11 there is no one who understands, there is no one who seeks God.
                      12 All have turned away, together they have become useless; there is no one who does good, there is not even one. i

                      References for Romans 3:12

                        • i 3:12 - Ps 14:1-3; 53:1-3; see Ec 7:20
                          13 Their throat is an open grave; they deceive with their tongues. j Vipers' venom is under their lips. k

                          References for Romans 3:13

                              14 Their mouth is full of cursing and bitterness. l

                              References for Romans 3:14

                                  15 Their feet are swift to shed blood;
                                  16 ruin and wretchedness are in their paths,
                                  17 and the path of peace they have not known. m

                                  References for Romans 3:17

                                    • m 3:17 - Isaiah 59:7-8
                                      18 There is no fear of God before their eyes. n

                                      References for Romans 3:18

                                          19 Now we know that whatever the law says speaks to those who are subject to the law,o so that every mouth may be shut and the whole world may become subject to God's judgment.p

                                          References for Romans 3:19

                                            • o 3:19 - Lit those in the law
                                            • p 3:19 - Or become guilty before God, or may be accountable to God
                                              20 For no flesh will be justifiedq in His sight by the works of the law, for through the law [comes] the knowledge of sin.

                                              References for Romans 3:20

                                                • q 3:20 - Or will be declared righteous, or will be acquitted

                                                  God's Righteousness through Faith

                                                  21 But now, apart from the law, God's righteousness has been revealed-attested by the Law and the Prophetsr

                                                  References for Romans 3:21

                                                    • r 3:21 - When capitalized, the Law and the Prophets OT
                                                      22 -that is, God's righteousness through faith in Jesus Christ,s to all who believe, since there is no distinction.

                                                      References for Romans 3:22

                                                        • s 3:22 - Or through the faithfulness of Jesus Christ
                                                          23 For all have sinned and fall short of thet glory of God.

                                                          References for Romans 3:23

                                                            • t 3:23 - Or and lack the
                                                              24 They are justified freely by His grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus.
                                                              25 God presented Him as a propitiationu through faith in His blood, to demonstrate His righteousness, because in His restraint God passed over the sins previously committed.

                                                              References for Romans 3:25

                                                                • u 3:25 - Or as a propitiatory sacrifice, or as an offering of atonement, or as a mercy seat; see Heb 9:5. The word propitiation has to do with the removal of divine wrath. Jesus' death is the means that turns God's wrath from the sinner; see 2 Co 5:21.
                                                                  26 He presented Him to demonstrate His righteousness at the present time, so that He would be righteous and declare righteousv the one who has faith in Jesus.

                                                                  References for Romans 3:26

                                                                    • v 3:26 - Or and justify, or and acquit

                                                                      Boasting Excluded

                                                                      27 Where then is boasting? It is excluded. By what kind of law?w By one of works? No, on the contrary, by a lawx of faith.

                                                                      References for Romans 3:27

                                                                        • w 3:27 - Or what principle?
                                                                        • x 3:27 - Or a principle
                                                                          28 For we conclude that a man is justified by faith apart from works of law.
                                                                          29 Or is God for Jews only? Is He not also for Gentiles? Yes, for Gentiles too,
                                                                          30 since there is one God who will justify the circumcised by faith and the uncircumcised through faith.
                                                                          31 Do we then cancel the law through faith? Absolutely not! On the contrary, we uphold the law.