Then the LORD said to Moses,
"Tell the Israelites to turn back and encamp near Pi Hahiroth, between Migdol1 and the sea. They are to encamp by the sea, directly opposite Baal Zephon.23
Pharaoh will think, 'The Israelites are wandering around the land in confusion, hemmed in by the desert.'
And I will harden Pharaoh's heart,3 and he will pursue them.4 But I will gain glory5 for myself through Pharaoh and all his army, and the Egyptians will know that I am the LORD."6 So the Israelites did this.
When the king of Egypt was told that the people had fled,7 Pharaoh and his officials changed their minds8 about them and said, "What have we done? We have let the Israelites go and have lost their services!"
So he had his chariot made ready and took his army with him.
He took six hundred of the best chariots,9 along with all the other chariots of Egypt, with officers over all of them.
The LORD hardened the heart10 of Pharaoh king of Egypt, so that he pursued the Israelites, who were marching out boldly.119
The Egyptians--all Pharaoh's horses12 and chariots, horsemena and troops13--pursued the Israelites and overtook14 them as they camped by the sea near Pi Hahiroth, opposite Baal Zephon.1510
As Pharaoh approached, the Israelites looked up, and there were the Egyptians, marching after them. They were terrified and cried16 out to the LORD.
They said to Moses, "Was it because there were no graves in Egypt that you brought us to the desert to die?17 What have you done to us by bringing us out of Egypt?
Didn't we say to you in Egypt, 'Leave us alone; let us serve the Egyptians'? It would have been better for us to serve the Egyptians than to die in the desert!"1813
Moses answered the people, "Do not be afraid.19 Stand firm and you will see20 the deliverance the LORD will bring you today. The Egyptians you see today you will never see21 again.
The LORD will fight22 for you; you need only to be still."2315
Then the LORD said to Moses, "Why are you crying out to me?24 Tell the Israelites to move on.
Raise your staff25 and stretch out your hand over the sea to divide the water26 so that the Israelites can go through the sea on dry ground.
I will harden the hearts27 of the Egyptians so that they will go in after them.28 And I will gain glory through Pharaoh and all his army, through his chariots and his horsemen.
The Egyptians will know that I am the LORD29 when I gain glory through Pharaoh, his chariots and his horsemen."
Then the angel of God,30 who had been traveling in front of Israel's army, withdrew and went behind them. The pillar of cloud31 also moved from in front and stood behind32 them,
coming between the armies of Egypt and Israel. Throughout the night the cloud brought darkness33 to the one side and light to the other side; so neither went near the other all night long.
Then Moses stretched out his hand34 over the sea,35 and all that night the LORD drove the sea back with a strong east wind36 and turned it into dry land.37 The waters were divided,3822
and the Israelites went through the sea39 on dry ground,40 with a wall41 of water on their right and on their left.
The Egyptians pursued them, and all Pharaoh's horses and chariots and horsemen42 followed them into the sea.
During the last watch of the night the LORD looked down from the pillar of fire and cloud43 at the Egyptian army and threw it into confusion.4425
He made the wheels of their chariots come offb so that they had difficulty driving. And the Egyptians said, "Let's get away from the Israelites! The LORD is fighting45 for them against Egypt."4626
Then the LORD said to Moses, "Stretch out your hand over the sea so that the waters may flow back over the Egyptians and their chariots and horsemen."
Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and at daybreak the sea went back to its place.47 The Egyptians were fleeing towardc it, and the LORD swept them into the sea.4828
The water flowed back and covered the chariots and horsemen--the entire army of Pharaoh that had followed the Israelites into the sea.49 Not one of them survived.5029
But the Israelites went through the sea on dry ground,51 with a wall52 of water on their right and on their left.
That day the LORD saved53 Israel from the hands of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians lying dead on the shore.
And when the Israelites saw the great power54 the LORD displayed against the Egyptians, the people feared55 the LORD and put their trust56 in him and in Moses his servant.