Genesis 10 NIV

The Table of Nations

1 This is the account1 of Shem, Ham and Japheth,2 Noah's sons,3 who themselves had sons after the flood.

References for Genesis 10:1

The Japhethites

10:2-5pp -- 1Ch 1:5-7

2 The sonsa of Japheth: Gomer,4 Magog,5 Madai, Javan,6 Tubal,7 Meshech8 and Tiras.

References for Genesis 10:2

    • a 10:2 - "Sons" may mean "descendants" or "successors" or "nations"; also in verses 3, 4, 6, 7, 20-23, 29 and 31.
      3 The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz,9 Riphath and Togarmah.10

      References for Genesis 10:3

      4 The sons of Javan: Elishah,11 Tarshish,12 the Kittim13 and the Rodanim.b

      References for Genesis 10:4

        • b 10:4 - Some manuscripts of the Masoretic Text and Samaritan Pentateuch (see also Septuagint and 1 Chron. 1:7); most manuscripts of the Masoretic Text "Dodanim"
          5 (From these the maritime peoples spread out into their territories by their clans within their nations, each with its own language.)14

          References for Genesis 10:5

          The Hamites

          10:6-20pp -- 1Ch 1:8-16

          6 The sons of Ham: Cush,15 Mizraim,c Put16 and Canaan.17

          References for Genesis 10:6

            • c 10:6 - That is, Egypt; also in verse 13
              7 The sons of Cush: Seba,18 Havilah,19 Sabtah, Raamah20 and Sabteca. The sons of Raamah: Sheba21 and Dedan.22
              8 Cush was the fatherd of Nimrod,23 who grew to be a mighty warrior on the earth.

              References for Genesis 10:8

                • d 10:8 - "Father" may mean "ancestor" or "predecessor" or "founder"; also in verses 13, 15, 24 and 26.
                  9 He was a mighty24 hunter25 before the LORD; that is why it is said, "Like Nimrod, a mighty hunter before the LORD."

                  References for Genesis 10:9

                  10 The first centers of his kingdom were Babylon,26 Erech,27 Akkad and Calneh,28 ine Shinar.f29

                  References for Genesis 10:10

                    • e 10:10 - Or "Erech and Akkad--all of them in"
                    • f 10:10 - That is, Babylonia
                      11 From that land he went to Assyria,30 where he built Nineveh,31 Rehoboth Ir,g Calah

                      References for Genesis 10:11

                        • g 10:11 - Or "Nineveh with its city squares"
                          12 and Resen, which is between Nineveh and Calah; that is the great city.
                          13 Mizraim was the father of the Ludites, Anamites, Lehabites, Naphtuhites,
                          14 Pathrusites, Casluhites (from whom the Philistines32 came) and Caphtorites.33

                          References for Genesis 10:14

                          15 Canaan34 was the father of Sidon35 his firstborn,h36 and of the Hittites,37

                          References for Genesis 10:15

                            • h 10:15 - Or "of the Sidonians, the foremost"
                              16 Jebusites,38 Amorites,39 Girgashites,40

                              References for Genesis 10:16

                              17 Hivites,41 Arkites, Sinites,

                              References for Genesis 10:17

                              18 Arvadites,42 Zemarites and Hamathites.43 Later the Canaanite44 clans scattered

                              References for Genesis 10:18

                              19 and the borders of Canaan45 reached from Sidon46 toward Gerar47 as far as Gaza,48 and then toward Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboiim,49 as far as Lasha.
                              20 These are the sons of Ham by their clans and languages, in their territories and nations.

                              The Semites

                              10:21-31pp -- Ge 11:10-27; 1Ch 1:17-27

                              21 Sons were also born to Shem, whose older brother wasi Japheth; Shem was the ancestor of all the sons of Eber.50

                              References for Genesis 10:21

                                • i 10:21 - Or "Shem, the older brother of"
                                  22 The sons of Shem: Elam,51 Asshur,52 Arphaxad,53 Lud and Aram.54
                                  23 The sons of Aram: Uz,55 Hul, Gether and Meshech.j

                                  References for Genesis 10:23

                                    • j 10:23 - See Septuagint and 1 Chron. 1:17; Hebrew "Mash"
                                      24 Arphaxad was the father ofk Shelah, and Shelah the father of Eber.56

                                      References for Genesis 10:24

                                        • k 10:24 - Hebrew; Septuagint "father of Cainan, and Cainan was the father of"
                                          25 Two sons were born to Eber: One was named Peleg,l because in his time the earth was divided; his brother was named Joktan.

                                          References for Genesis 10:25

                                            • l 10:25 - "Peleg" means "division."
                                              26 Joktan was the father of Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah,
                                              27 Hadoram, Uzal,57 Diklah,

                                              References for Genesis 10:27

                                              28 Obal, Abimael, Sheba,58

                                              References for Genesis 10:28

                                              29 Ophir,59 Havilah and Jobab. All these were sons of Joktan.

                                              References for Genesis 10:29

                                              30 The region where they lived stretched from Mesha toward Sephar, in the eastern hill country.
                                              31 These are the sons of Shem by their clans and languages, in their territories and nations.
                                              32 These are the clans of Noah's sons,60 according to their lines of descent, within their nations. From these the nations spread out over the earth61 after the flood.

                                              References for Genesis 10:32