Genesis 10:19

19 and the borders of Canaan reached from Sidon toward Gerar as far as Gaza, and then toward Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboyim, as far as Lasha.

Genesis 10:19 in Other Translations

KJV
19 And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as thou comest to Gerar, unto Gaza; as thou goest, unto Sodom, and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboim, even unto Lasha.
ESV
19 And the territory of the Canaanites extended from Sidon in the direction of Gerar as far as Gaza, and in the direction of Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim, as far as Lasha.
NLT
19 and the territory of Canaan extended from Sidon in the north to Gerar and Gaza in the south, and east as far as Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim, near Lasha.
MSG
19 going from Sidon toward Gerar, as far south as Gaza, and then east all the way over to Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboiim, and on to Lasha.
CSB
19 The Canaanite border went from Sidon going toward Gerar as far as Gaza, and going toward Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim, as far as Lasha.

Genesis 10:19 Meaning and Commentary

Genesis 10:19

And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon
This is to be understood, not of the Canaanites, properly so called, but of them in general; and is a description of the bounds of the land of Canaan, as possessed by the people of Israel: the northern or north west border of it was Sidon, see ( Genesis 10:15 ) and is to be understood of the country which reached from that city towards the east almost as far as Jordan:

as thou comest from Gerar unto Gaza;
two cities of the Philistines, well known in Scripture, the former for being the place where Abraham and Isaac sometimes sojourned, and the latter for Samson's exploits in it; these were the southern or south west border of the land of Canaan:

as thou goest unto Sodom and Gomorrah, and Admah and Zeboim;
four cities destroyed by fire from heaven, as is after related in this book; these lay to the south or south east part of the land:

even unto Lashah;
which, according to the Targum of Jonathan, is Callirrhoe, a place famous for hot waters, which run into the Dead sea, and who in this is followed by Jerom; but since it was not in the southern part of Judea, as Lashah was, Bochart proposes F1 Lusa, as being more likely to be the place, a city of the Arabs, which Ptolemy


FOOTNOTES:

F2 puts in the midway between the Mediterranean and the Red sea; but this is objected to by Reland F3, since the southern borders of the land of Canaan were from the extremity of the Dead sea unto the Mediterranean sea, from which Lusa was at a great distance: the Samaritan version of this verse is very different from the Hebrew, and is this,

``and the border of the Canaanites was from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates, and unto the hinder sea:''

i.e. the western or Mediterranean.


F1 Phaleg. l. 4. c. 37. col. 309.
F2 Geograph. l. 5. c. 17.
F3 Palestina Illustrata, tom. 2. p. 871.

Genesis 10:19 In-Context

17 Hivites, Arkites, Sinites,
18 Arvadites, Zemarites and Hamathites. Later the Canaanite clans scattered
19 and the borders of Canaan reached from Sidon toward Gerar as far as Gaza, and then toward Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboyim, as far as Lasha.
20 These are the sons of Ham by their clans and languages, in their territories and nations.
21 Sons were also born to Shem, whose older brother was Japheth; Shem was the ancestor of all the sons of Eber.

Cross References 5

  • 1. Genesis 11:31; Genesis 12:1; Genesis 13:12; Genesis 17:8; Genesis 24:3; Genesis 26:34; Genesis 27:46; Genesis 28:1,6,8; Genesis 31:18; Genesis 35:6; Genesis 37:1; Leviticus 25:38
  • 2. S ver 15; Genesis 49:13; Joshua 19:28; Judges 1:31; Judges 18:28; 2 Samuel 24:6
  • 3. 2 Chronicles 14:13
  • 4. Deuteronomy 2:23; Joshua 10:41; Joshua 11:22; Joshua 15:47; Judges 1:18; Judges 6:4; Judges 16:1,21; 1 Samuel 6:17; Jeremiah 25:20; Jeremiah 47:1; Amos 1:6; Zephaniah 2:4
  • 5. Genesis 14:2; Deuteronomy 29:23