Genesis 49:1-28 NIV

Jacob Blesses His Sons

49:1-28Ref -- Dt 33:1-29

1 Then Jacob called for his sons and said: "Gather around so I can tell you what will happen to you in days to come.1

References for Genesis 49:1

2 "Assemble2 and listen, sons of Jacob; listen to your father Israel.3

References for Genesis 49:2

3 "Reuben, you are my firstborn,4 my might, the first sign of my strength,5 excelling in honor,6 excelling in power.

References for Genesis 49:3

4 Turbulent as the waters,7 you will no longer excel, for you went up onto your father's bed, onto my couch and defiled it.8

References for Genesis 49:4

5 "Simeon9 and Levi10 are brothers-- their swordsa are weapons of violence.11

References for Genesis 49:5

    • a 49:5 - The meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain.
      6 Let me not enter their council, let me not join their assembly,12 for they have killed men in their anger13 and hamstrung14 oxen as they pleased.

      References for Genesis 49:6

      7 Cursed be their anger, so fierce, and their fury,15 so cruel!16 I will scatter them in Jacob and disperse them in Israel.17

      References for Genesis 49:7

      8 "Judah,b18 your brothers will praise you; your hand will be on the neck19 of your enemies; your father's sons will bow down to you.20

      References for Genesis 49:8

        • b 49:8 - "Judah" sounds like and may be derived from the Hebrew for "praise."
          9 You are a lion's21 cub,22 O Judah;23 you return from the prey,24 my son. Like a lion he crouches and lies down, like a lioness--who dares to rouse him?

          References for Genesis 49:9

          10 The scepter will not depart from Judah,25 nor the ruler's staff from between his feet, until he comes to whom it belongsc26 and the obedience of the nations is his.27

          References for Genesis 49:10

            • c 49:10 - Or "until Shiloh comes"; or "until he comes to whom tribute belongs"
              11 He will tether his donkey28 to a vine, his colt to the choicest branch;29 he will wash his garments in wine, his robes in the blood of grapes.30

              References for Genesis 49:11

              12 His eyes will be darker than wine, his teeth whiter than milk.d31

              References for Genesis 49:12

                • d 49:12 - Or "will be dull from wine, / his teeth white from milk"
                  13 "Zebulun32 will live by the seashore and become a haven for ships; his border will extend toward Sidon.33

                  References for Genesis 49:13

                  14 "Issachar34 is a rawbonede donkey lying down between two saddlebags.f35

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                      15 When he sees how good is his resting place and how pleasant is his land,36 he will bend his shoulder to the burden37 and submit to forced labor.38

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                      16 "Dang39 will provide justice for his people as one of the tribes of Israel.40

                      References for Genesis 49:16

                        • g 49:16 - "Dan" here means "he provides justice."
                          17 Dan41 will be a serpent by the roadside, a viper along the path,42 that bites the horse's heels43 so that its rider tumbles backward.

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                          18 "I look for your deliverance,44 O LORD.45

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                          19 "Gadh46 will be attacked by a band of raiders, but he will attack them at their heels.47

                          References for Genesis 49:19

                            • h 49:19 - "Gad" can mean "attack" and "band of raiders."
                              20 "Asher's48 food will be rich;49 he will provide delicacies fit for a king.50

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                              21 "Naphtali51 is a doe set free that bears beautiful fawns.i52

                              References for Genesis 49:21

                                • i 49:21 - Or "free; / he utters beautiful words"
                                  22 "Joseph53 is a fruitful vine,54 a fruitful vine near a spring, whose branches55 climb over a wall.j

                                  References for Genesis 49:22

                                    • j 49:22 - Or "Joseph is a wild colt, / a wild colt near a spring, / a wild donkey on a terraced hill"
                                      23 With bitterness archers attacked him;56 they shot at him with hostility.57

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                                      24 But his bow remained steady,58 his strong arms59 stayedk limber, because of the hand of the Mighty One of Jacob,60 because of the Shepherd,61 the Rock of Israel,62

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                                        • k 49:24 - ,24 Or "archers will attack . . . will shoot . . . will remain . . . will stay"
                                          25 because of your father's God,63 who helps64 you, because of the Almighty,l65 who blesses you with blessings of the heavens above, blessings of the deep that lies below,66 blessings of the breast67 and womb.68

                                          References for Genesis 49:25

                                          26 Your father's blessings are greater than the blessings of the ancient mountains, thanm the bounty of the age-old hills.69 Let all these rest on the head of Joseph,70 on the brow of the prince amongn his brothers.71

                                          References for Genesis 49:26

                                            • m 49:26 - Or "of my progenitors, / as great as"
                                            • n 49:26 - Or "the one separated from"
                                              27 "Benjamin72 is a ravenous wolf;73 in the morning he devours the prey,74 in the evening he divides the plunder."75

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                                              28 All these are the twelve tribes of Israel,76 and this is what their father said to them when he blessed them, giving each the blessing77 appropriate to him.

                                              References for Genesis 49:28