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Compare Translations for Job 40:23

Job 40:23 ASV
Behold, if a river overflow, he trembleth not; He is confident, though a Jordan swell even to his mouth.
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Job 40:23 BBE
Truly, if the river is overflowing, it gives him no cause for fear; he has no sense of danger, even if Jordan is rushing against his mouth.
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Job 40:23 CEB
If the river surges, he doesn't hurry; he is confident even though the Jordan gushes into his mouth.
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Job 40:23 CJB
If the river overflows, it doesn't worry him; he is confident even if the Yarden rushes by his mouth.
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Job 40:23 RHE
(40-18) Behold, he will drink up a river, and not wonder: and he trusteth that the Jordan may run into his mouth.
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Job 40:23 ESV
Behold, if the river is turbulent he is not frightened; he is confident though Jordan rushes against his mouth.
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Job 40:23 GW
Though the river flows powerfully against it, it's not alarmed. It's confident [even] when the Jordan rushes against its mouth.
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Job 40:23 GNT
He is not afraid of a rushing river; he is calm when the Jordan dashes in his face.
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Job 40:23 HNV
Behold, if a river overflows, he doesn't tremble. He is confident, though the Yarden swells even to his mouth.
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Job 40:23 CSB
Though the river rages, Behemoth is unafraid; he remains confident, even if the Jordan surges up to his mouth.
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Job 40:23 KJV
Behold, he drinketh up a river, and hasteth not: he trusteth that he can draw up Jordan into his mouth.
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Job 40:23 LEB
Look, [if the] river is turbulent, it is not frightened; it is confident even though [the] Jordan rushes against its mouth.
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Job 40:23 NAS
"If a river rages, he is not alarmed; He is confident, though the Jordan rushes to his mouth.
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Job 40:23 NCV
If the river floods, it will not be afraid; it is safe even if the Jordan River rushes to its mouth.
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Job 40:23 NIRV
It is not afraid when the river roars. It is secure even when the Jordan River rushes against its mouth.
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Job 40:23 NIV
When the river rages, he is not alarmed; he is secure, though the Jordan should surge against his mouth.
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Job 40:23 NKJV
Indeed the river may rage, Yet he is not disturbed; He is confident, though the Jordan gushes into his mouth,
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Job 40:23 NLT
It is not disturbed by raging rivers, not even when the swelling Jordan rushes down upon it.
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Job 40:23 NRS
Even if the river is turbulent, it is not frightened; it is confident though Jordan rushes against its mouth.
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Job 40:23 RSV
Behold, if the river is turbulent he is not frightened; he is confident though Jordan rushes against his mouth.
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Job 40:23 DBY
Lo, the river overfloweth -- he startleth not: he is confident though a Jordan break forth against his mouth.
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Job 40:23 MSG
And when the river rages he doesn't budge, stolid and unperturbed even when the Jordan goes wild.
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Job 40:23 WBT
Behold, he drinketh up a river, [and] hasteth not: he trusteth that he can draw up Jordan into his mouth.
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Job 40:23 TMB
Behold, he drinketh up a river and hasteneth not; he trusteth that he can draw up the Jordan into his mouth.
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Job 40:23 TNIV
A raging river does not alarm it; it is secure, though the Jordan should surge against its mouth.
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Job 40:23 WEB
Behold, if a river overflows, he doesn't tremble. He is confident, though the Jordan swells even to his mouth.
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Job 40:23 WYC
He shall swallow up the flood, and he shall not wonder (He shall swallow up the river, and he shall not be afraid); he hath trust, that (the) Jordan shall flow into his mouth.
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Job 40:23 YLT
Lo, a flood oppresseth -- he doth not haste, He is confident though Jordan Doth come forth unto his mouth.
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Job 40 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 40

Job humbles himself to God. (1-5) The Lord reasons with Job to show his righteousness, power, and wisdom. (6-14) God's power shown in Behemoth. (15-24)

Verses 1-5 Communion with the Lord effectually convinces and humbles a saint, and makes him glad to part with his most beloved sins. There is need to be thoroughly convinced and humbled, to prepare us for remarkable deliverances. After God had shown Job, by his manifest ignorance of the works of nature, how unable he was to judge of the methods and designs of Providence, he puts a convincing question to him; Shall he that contendeth with the Almighty instruct him? Now Job began to melt into godly sorrow: when his friends reasoned with him, he did not yield; but the voice of the Lord is powerful. When the Spirit of truth is come, he shall convince. Job yields himself to the grace of God. He owns himself an offender, and has nothing to say to justify himself. He is now sensible that he has sinned; and therefore he calls himself vile. Repentance changes men's opinion of themselves. Job is now convinced of his error. Those who are truly sensible of their own sinfulness and vileness, dare not justify themselves before God. He perceived that he was a poor, mean, foolish, and sinful creature, who ought not to have uttered one word against the Divine conduct. One glimpse of God's holy nature would appal the stoutest rebel. How, then will the wicked bear the sight of his glory at the day of judgment? But when we see this glory revealed in Jesus Christ, we shall be humbled without being terrified; self-abasement agrees with filial love.

Verses 6-14 Those who profit by what they have heard from God, shall hear more from him. And those who are truly convinced of sin, yet need to be more thoroughly convinced and more humbled. No doubt God, and he only, has power to humble and bring down proud men; he has wisdom to know when and how to do it, and it is not for us to teach him how to govern the world. Our own hands cannot save us by recommending us to God's grace, much less rescuing us from his justice; and therefore into his hand we must commit ourselves. The renewal of a believer proceeds in the same way of conviction, humbling, and watchfulness against remaining sin, as his first conversion. When convinced of many evils in our conduct, we still need convincing of many more.

Verses 15-24 God, for the further proving of his own power, describes two vast animals, far exceeding man in bulk and strength. Behemoth signifies beasts. Most understand it of an animal well known in Egypt, called the river-horse, or hippopotamus. This vast animal is noticed as an argument to humble ourselves before the great God; for he created this vast animal, which is so fearfully and wonderfully made. Whatever strength this or any other creature has, it is derived from God. He that made the soul of man, knows all the ways to it, and can make the sword of justice, his wrath, to approach and touch it. Every godly man has spiritual weapons, the whole armour of God, to resist, yea, to overcome the tempter, that his never-dying soul may be safe, whatever becomes of his frail flesh and mortal body.

Job 40 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible



He had paused for a reply, but Job was silent.

1. the Lord--Hebrew, "JEHOVAH."

2. he that contendeth--as Job had so often expressed a wish to do. Or, rebuketh. Does Job now still (after seeing and hearing of God's majesty and wisdom) wish to set God right?
answer it--namely, the questions I have asked.

3. Lord--JEHOVAH

4. I am (too) vile (to reply). It is a very different thing to vindicate ourselves before God, from what it is before men. Job could do the latter, not the former.
lay . . . hand . . . upon . . . mouth--I have no plea to offer ( Job 21:5 , Judges 18:19 ).

5. Once . . . twice--oftentimes, more than once ( Job 33:14 , compare with Job 33:29 , Psalms 62:11 ):
I have spoken--namely, against God.
not answer--not plead against Thee.

6. the Lord--JEHOVAH.

Since Job has not only spoken against God, but accused Him of injustice, God challenges him to try, could he govern the world, as God by His power doth, and punish the proud and wicked ( Job 40:7-14 ).

8. Wilt thou not only contend with, but set aside My judgment or justice in the government of the world?
condemn--declare Me unrighteous, in order that thou mayest be accounted righteous (innocent; undeservingly afflicted).

9. arm--God's omnipotence ( Isaiah 53:1 ).
thunder--God's voice ( Job 37:4 ).

10. See, hast thou power and majesty like God's, to enable thee to judge and govern the world?

11. rage--rather, pour out the redundant floods of, &c.
behold--Try, canst thou, as God, by a mere glance abase the proud ( Isaiah 2:12 , &c.)?

12. proud--high ( Daniel 4:37 ).
in their place--on the spot; suddenly, before they can move from

13. ( Isaiah 2:10 ). Abase and remove them out of the sight of men.
bind . . . faces--that is, shut up their persons [MAURER]. But it refers rather to the custom of binding a cloth over the faces of persons about to be executed ( Job 9:24 , Esther 7:8 ).
in secret--consign them to darkness.

14. confess--rather, "extol"; "I also," who now censure thee. But since thou canst not do these works, thou must, instead of censuring, extol My government.
thine own . . . hand . . . save--( Psalms 44:3 ). So as to eternal salvation by Jesus Christ ( Isaiah 59:16 , 63:5 ).

15-24. God shows that if Job cannot bring under control the lower animals (of which he selects the two most striking, behemoth on land, leviathan in the water), much less is he capable of governing the world.
behemoth--The description in part agrees with the hippopotamus, in part with the elephant, but exactly in all details with neither. It is rather a poetical personification of the great Pachydermata, or Herbivora (so "he eateth grass"), the idea of the hippopotamus being predominant. In Job 40:17 , "the tail like a cedar," hardly applies to the latter (so also Job 40:20 Job 40:23 , "Jordan," a river which elephants alone could reach, but other hand, Job 40:21 Job 40:22 are characteristic of the amphibious river horse. So leviathan (the twisting animal), Job 41:1 , is a generalized term for cetacea, pythons, saurians of the neighboring seas and rivers, including the crocodile, which is the most prominent, and is often associated with the river horse by old writers. "Behemoth" seems to be the Egyptian Pehemout, "water-ox," Hebraized, so-called as being like an ox, whence the Italian bombarino.
with thee--as I made thyself. Yet how great the difference! The manifold wisdom and power of God!
he eateth grass--marvellous in an animal living so much in the water; also strange, that such a monster should not be carnivorous.

16. navel--rather, "muscles" of his belly; the weakest point of the elephant, therefore it is not meant.

17. like a cedar--As the tempest bends the cedar, so it can move its smooth thick tail [UMBREIT]. But the cedar implies straightness and length, such as do not apply to the river horse's short tail, but perhaps to an extinct species of animal
stones--rather, "thighs."
wrapped--firmly twisted together, like a thick rope.

18. strong--rather, "tubes" of copper [UMBREIT].

19. Chief of the works of God; so "ways" ( Job 26:14 , Proverbs 8:22 ).
can make his sword to approach--rather, "has furnished him with his sword" (harpe), namely, the sickle-like teeth with which he cuts down grain. English Version, however, is literally right.

20. The mountain is not his usual haunt. BOCHART says it is sometimes found there (?).
beasts . . . play--a graphic trait: though armed with such teeth, he lets the beasts play near him unhurt, for his food is grass.

21. lieth--He leads an inactive life.
shady trees--rather, "lotus bushes"; as Job 40:22 requires.

22. shady trees--Translate: "lotus bushes."

23. Rather, "(Though) a river be violent (overflow), he trembleth not"; (for though living on land, he can live in the water, too); he is secure, though a Jordan swell up to his mouth. "Jordan" is used for any great river (consonant with the "behemoth"), being a poetical generalization have been a Hebrew as UMBREIT asserts, or he would not adduce the Jordan, where there were no river horses. He alludes to it as a name for any river, but not as one known to him, except by hearsay.

24. Rather, "Will any take him by open force" (literally, "before his eyes"), "or pierce his nose with cords?" No; he can only be taken by guile, and in a pitfall ( Job 41:1 Job 41:2 ).