You Can Provide Clean Water to Persecuted Christians

Job 40

1 Job, you challenged Almighty God; will you give up now, or will you answer?
3 I spoke foolishly, Lord. What can I answer? I will not try to say anything else.
5 I have already said more than I should.
6 Then out of the storm the Lord spoke to Job once again.
7 Now stand up straight and answer my questions.
8 Are you trying to prove that I am unjust - to put me in the wrong and yourself in the right?
9 Are you as strong as I am? Can your voice thunder as loud as mine?
10 If so, stand up in your honor and pride; clothe yourself with majesty and glory.
11 Look at those who are proud; pour out your anger and humble them.
12 Yes, look at them and bring them down; crush the wicked where they stand.
13 Bury them all in the ground; bind them in the world of the dead.
14 Then I will be the first to praise you and admit that you won the victory yourself.
15 Look at the monster Behemoth; I created him and I created you. He eats grass like a cow,
16 but what strength there is in his body, and what power there is in his muscles!
17 His tail stands up like a cedar, and the muscles in his legs are strong.
18 His bones are as strong as bronze, and his legs are like iron bars.
19 The most amazing of all my creatures! Only his Creator can defeat him.
20 Grass to feed him grows on the hills where wild beasts play.
21 He lies down under the thorn bushes, and hides among the reeds in the swamp.
22 The thorn bushes and the willows by the stream give him shelter in their shade.
23 He is not afraid of a rushing river; he is calm when the Jordan dashes in his face.
24 Who can blind his eyes and capture him? Or who can catch his snout in a trap?

Job 40 Commentary

Chapter 40

Job humbles himself to God. (1-5) The Lord reasons with Job to show his righteousness, power, and wisdom. (6-14) God's power shown in Behemoth. (15-24)

Verses 1-5 Communion with the Lord effectually convinces and humbles a saint, and makes him glad to part with his most beloved sins. There is need to be thoroughly convinced and humbled, to prepare us for remarkable deliverances. After God had shown Job, by his manifest ignorance of the works of nature, how unable he was to judge of the methods and designs of Providence, he puts a convincing question to him; Shall he that contendeth with the Almighty instruct him? Now Job began to melt into godly sorrow: when his friends reasoned with him, he did not yield; but the voice of the Lord is powerful. When the Spirit of truth is come, he shall convince. Job yields himself to the grace of God. He owns himself an offender, and has nothing to say to justify himself. He is now sensible that he has sinned; and therefore he calls himself vile. Repentance changes men's opinion of themselves. Job is now convinced of his error. Those who are truly sensible of their own sinfulness and vileness, dare not justify themselves before God. He perceived that he was a poor, mean, foolish, and sinful creature, who ought not to have uttered one word against the Divine conduct. One glimpse of God's holy nature would appal the stoutest rebel. How, then will the wicked bear the sight of his glory at the day of judgment? But when we see this glory revealed in Jesus Christ, we shall be humbled without being terrified; self-abasement agrees with filial love.

Verses 6-14 Those who profit by what they have heard from God, shall hear more from him. And those who are truly convinced of sin, yet need to be more thoroughly convinced and more humbled. No doubt God, and he only, has power to humble and bring down proud men; he has wisdom to know when and how to do it, and it is not for us to teach him how to govern the world. Our own hands cannot save us by recommending us to God's grace, much less rescuing us from his justice; and therefore into his hand we must commit ourselves. The renewal of a believer proceeds in the same way of conviction, humbling, and watchfulness against remaining sin, as his first conversion. When convinced of many evils in our conduct, we still need convincing of many more.

Verses 15-24 God, for the further proving of his own power, describes two vast animals, far exceeding man in bulk and strength. Behemoth signifies beasts. Most understand it of an animal well known in Egypt, called the river-horse, or hippopotamus. This vast animal is noticed as an argument to humble ourselves before the great God; for he created this vast animal, which is so fearfully and wonderfully made. Whatever strength this or any other creature has, it is derived from God. He that made the soul of man, knows all the ways to it, and can make the sword of justice, his wrath, to approach and touch it. Every godly man has spiritual weapons, the whole armour of God, to resist, yea, to overcome the tempter, that his never-dying soul may be safe, whatever becomes of his frail flesh and mortal body.

Footnotes 2

  • [a]. behemoth: [Some identify this with the hippopotamus, others with a legendary creature.]
  • [b]. [Verse 20 in Hebrew is unclear.]

Chapter Summary


In this chapter Job is called upon to give in his answer, Job 40:1,2, which he does in the most humble manner, acknowledging his vileness and folly, Job 40:3-5; and then the Lord proceeds to give him further conviction of his superior justice and power, Job 40:6-9; and one thing he proposes to him, to humble the proud, if he could, and then he would own his own right hand could save him, Job 40:10-15; and observes to him another instance of his power in a creature called behemoth, which he had made, and gives a description of, Job 40:15-24.

Job 40 Commentaries

Scripture taken from the Good News Translation - Second Edition, Copyright 1992 by American Bible Society. Used by Permission.