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Leviticus 16 (New International Version)

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The Day of Atonement

16:2-34pp -- Lev 23:26-32; Nu 29:7-11

1 The LORD spoke to Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron who died when they approached the LORD.1 2 The LORD said to Moses: "Tell your brother Aaron not to come whenever he chooses2 into the Most Holy Place3 behind the curtain4 in front of the atonement cover5 on the ark, or else he will die, because I appear6 in the cloud7 over the atonement cover. 3 "This is how Aaron is to enter the sanctuary area:8 with a young bull9 for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering.10 4 He is to put on the sacred linen tunic,11 with linen undergarments next to his body; he is to tie the linen sash around him and put on the linen turban.12 These are sacred garments;13 so he must bathe himself with water14 before he puts them on.15 5 From the Israelite community16 he is to take two male goats17 for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering. 6 "Aaron is to offer the bull for his own sin offering to make atonement for himself and his household.18 7 Then he is to take the two goats and present them before the LORD at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. 8 He is to cast lots19 for the two goats--one lot for the LORD and the other for the scapegoat.a20 9 Aaron shall bring the goat whose lot falls to the LORD and sacrifice it for a sin offering. 10 But the goat chosen by lot as the scapegoat shall be presented alive before the LORD to be used for making atonement21 by sending it into the desert as a scapegoat. 11 "Aaron shall bring the bull for his own sin offering to make atonement for himself and his household,22 and he is to slaughter the bull for his own sin offering. 12 He is to take a censer full of burning coals23 from the altar before the LORD and two handfuls of finely ground fragrant incense24 and take them behind the curtain. 13 He is to put the incense on the fire before the LORD, and the smoke of the incense will conceal the atonement cover25 above the Testimony, so that he will not die.26 14 He is to take some of the bull's blood27 and with his finger sprinkle it on the front of the atonement cover; then he shall sprinkle some of it with his finger seven times before the atonement cover.28 15 "He shall then slaughter the goat for the sin offering for the people29 and take its blood behind the curtain30 and do with it as he did with the bull's blood: He shall sprinkle31 it on the atonement cover and in front of it. 16 In this way he will make atonement32 for the Most Holy Place33 because of the uncleanness and rebellion of the Israelites, whatever their sins have been. He is to do the same for the Tent of Meeting,34 which is among them in the midst of their uncleanness. 17 No one is to be in the Tent of Meeting from the time Aaron goes in to make atonement in the Most Holy Place until he comes out, having made atonement for himself, his household and the whole community of Israel. 18 "Then he shall come out to the altar35 that is before the LORD and make atonement for it. He shall take some of the bull's blood and some of the goat's blood and put it on all the horns of the altar.36 19 He shall sprinkle some of the blood on it with his finger seven times to cleanse it and to consecrate it from the uncleanness of the Israelites.37 20 "When Aaron has finished making atonement for the Most Holy Place, the Tent of Meeting and the altar, he shall bring forward the live goat.38 21 He is to lay both hands on the head of the live goat39 and confess40 over it all the wickedness and rebellion of the Israelites--all their sins--and put them on the goat's head. He shall send the goat away into the desert in the care of a man appointed for the task. 22 The goat will carry on itself all their sins41 to a solitary place; and the man shall release it in the desert. 23 "Then Aaron is to go into the Tent of Meeting and take off the linen garments42 he put on before he entered the Most Holy Place, and he is to leave them there.43 24 He shall bathe himself with water in a holy place44 and put on his regular garments.45 Then he shall come out and sacrifice the burnt offering for himself and the burnt offering for the people,46 to make atonement for himself and for the people.47 25 He shall also burn the fat of the sin offering on the altar. 26 "The man who releases the goat as a scapegoat48 must wash his clothes49 and bathe himself with water;50 afterward he may come into the camp. 27 The bull and the goat for the sin offerings, whose blood was brought into the Most Holy Place to make atonement, must be taken outside the camp;51 their hides, flesh and offal are to be burned up. 28 The man who burns them must wash his clothes and bathe himself with water; afterward he may come into the camp.52 29 "This is to be a lasting ordinance53 for you: On the tenth day of the seventh month54 you must deny yourselvesb55 and not do any work56--whether native-born57 or an alien living among you-- 30 because on this day atonement will be made58 for you, to cleanse you. Then, before the LORD, you will be clean from all your sins.59 31 It is a sabbath of rest, and you must deny yourselves;60 it is a lasting ordinance.61 32 The priest who is anointed and ordained62 to succeed his father as high priest is to make atonement. He is to put on the sacred linen garments63 33 and make atonement for the Most Holy Place, for the Tent of Meeting and the altar, and for the priests and all the people of the community.64 34 "This is to be a lasting ordinance65 for you: Atonement is to be made once a year66 for all the sins of the Israelites." And it was done, as the LORD commanded Moses.
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