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Proverbs 23 NAS

On Life and Conduct

1 When you sit down to dine with a ruler, Consider carefully what is before you,

References for Proverbs 23:1

      2 And put a knife to your throat If you are a 1man of great appetite.

      References for Proverbs 23:2

      3 Do not 2desire his delicacies, For it is deceptive food.

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      4 3Do not weary yourself to gain wealth, 4Cease from your consideration of it

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      5 When you set your eyes on it, it is gone. For 5wealth certainly makes itself wings Like an eagle that flies toward the heavens.

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        • c 23:5 - Lit "Will your eyes fly upon it and it is not?"
          6 6Do not eat the bread of a 7selfish * man, Or desire his delicacies;

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            • d 23:6 - Lit "an evil eye"
              7 For as he thinks within himself, so he is. He says to you, "Eat and drink!" But 8his heart is not with you.

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                • e 23:7 - Lit "reckons in his soul"
                  8 You will 9vomit up the morsel you have eaten, And waste your compliments.

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                    • f 23:8 - Lit "your"
                    • g 23:8 - Lit "pleasant words"
                      9 10Do not speak in the hearing of a fool, For he will 11despise the wisdom of your words.

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                      10 Do not move the ancient boundary Or 12go into the fields of the fatherless,

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                      11 For their 13Redeemer is strong; 14He will plead their case against you.

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                      12 Apply your heart to discipline And your ears to words of knowledge.
                      13 15Do not hold back discipline from the child, although you strike him with the rod, he will not die.

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                      14 You shall strike him with the rod and 16rescue his soul from Sheol

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                      15 My son, if your heart is 17wise, My own heart also will be glad;

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                      16 And my inmost being will rejoice When your lips speak 18what is right.

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                        • k 23:16 - Lit "kidneys"
                          17 19Do not let your heart envy sinners, But live in the 20fear of the LORD always *.

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                            • l 23:17 - Or "reverence"
                            • m 23:17 - Lit "all the day"
                              18 Surely * there is a 21future, And your 22hope will not be cut off.

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                                • n 23:18 - Lit "latter end"
                                  19 Listen, my son, and 23be wise, And 24direct your heart in the way

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                                  20 Do not be with 25heavy drinkers of wine, Or with 26gluttonous eaters of meat;

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                                  21 For the 27heavy drinker and the glutton will come to poverty, And 28drowsiness will clothe one with rags

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                                  22 29Listen to your father who begot you, And 30do not despise your mother when she is old.

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                                  23 31Buy truth, and do not sell it, Get wisdom and instruction and understanding.

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                                  24 The father of the righteous will greatly rejoice, And 32he who sires a wise son will be glad in him.

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                                  25 Let your 33father and your mother be glad, And let her rejoice who gave birth to you.

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                                  26 34Give me your heart, my son, And let your eyes 35delight in my ways.

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                                    • o 23:26 - Another reading is "observe"
                                      27 For a harlot is a 36deep pit And an 37adulterous woman is a narrow well.

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                                      28 Surely she 38lurks as a robber, And increases the faithless among men.

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                                        • q 23:28 - Lit "treacherous"
                                          29 Who has 39woe? Who has sorrow? Who has contentions? Who has complaining? Who has wounds without cause? Who has redness of eyes?

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                                          30 Those who 40linger long over wine, Those who go to taste 41mixed wine.

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                                          31 Do not look on the wine when it is red, When it sparkles * in the cup, When it 42goes down smoothly;

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                                            • s 23:31 - Lit "gives its eye"
                                              32 At the last it 43bites like a serpent And stings like a 44viper.

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                                              33 Your eyes will see strange things And your mind will 45utter perverse things.

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                                              34 And you will be like one who lies down in the middle of the sea, Or like one who lies down on the top of a mast.

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                                                  35 "They 46struck me, but I did not become ill; They beat me, but I did not know it. When shall I awake? I will 47seek another * drink."

                                                  References for Proverbs 23:35

                                                    • w 23:35 - I.e. from the effect of wounds
                                                    • x 23:35 - Lit "it yet again"