Proverbs 24

Precepts and Warnings

1 Do not be 1envious of evil men, Nor desire to 2be with them;
2 For their minds devise 3violence, And their lips 4talk of trouble.
3 5By wisdom a house is built, And by understanding it is established;
4 And by knowledge the rooms are 6filled With all precious and pleasant riches.
5 A 7wise man is strong, And a man of knowledge increases power.
6 For 8by wise guidance you will wage war, And 9in abundance of counselors there is victory.
7 Wisdom is 10too exalted for a fool, He does not open his mouth 11in the gate.
8 One who 12plans to do evil, Men will call a schemer *.
9 The 13devising of folly is sin, And the scoffer is an abomination to men.
10 If you 14are slack in the day of distress, Your strength is limited.
11 15Deliver those who are being taken away to death, And those who are staggering to slaughter, Oh hold them back.
12 If you say, "See, we did not know this," Does He not 16consider it 17who weighs the hearts? And 18does He not know it who 19keeps your soul? And will He not 20render to man according to his work?
13 My son, eat 21honey, for it is good, Yes, the 22honey from the comb is sweet to your taste;
14 Know that 23wisdom is thus for your soul; If you find it, then there will be a 24future, And your hope will not be cut off.
15 25Do not lie in wait, O wicked man, against the dwelling of the righteous; Do not destroy his resting place;
16 For a 26righteous man falls seven times, and rises again, But the 27wicked stumble in time of calamity.
17 28Do not rejoice when your enemy falls, And do not let your heart be glad when he stumbles;
18 Or the LORD will see it and be displeased *, And turn His anger away from him.
19 29Do not fret because of evildoers Or be 30envious of the wicked;
20 For 31there will be no 32future for the evil man; The 33lamp of the wicked will be put out.
21 My son, 34fear the LORD and the king; Do not associate with those who are given to change,
22 For their 35calamity will rise suddenly, And who knows the ruin that comes from both of them?
23 These also are 36sayings of the wise. To 37show partiality * in judgment is not good.
24 He 38who says to the wicked, "You are righteous," 39Peoples will curse him, nations will abhor him;
25 But 40to those who rebuke the wicked will be delight, And a good blessing will come upon them.
26 He kisses the lips Who gives a right answer.
27 Prepare your work outside And 41make it ready for yourself in the field; Afterwards, then, build your house.
28 Do not be a 42witness against your neighbor without cause, And 43do not deceive with your lips.
29 44Do not say, "Thus I shall do to him as he has done to me; I will render to the man according to his work."
30 I passed by the field of the sluggard And by the vineyard of the man 45lacking sense,
31 And behold, it was completely 46overgrown with thistles; Its surface was covered with 47nettles, And its stone 48wall was broken down.
32 When I saw, I reflected * upon it; I looked, and received instruction.
33 "49A little sleep, a little slumber, A little folding of the hands to rest,"
34 Then your poverty will come as a robber And your want like an armed man.

Proverbs 24 Commentary

Chapter 24

Verses 1-2 Envy not sinners. And let not a desire ever come into thy mind, Oh that I could shake off restraints! ( 3-6 ) . Piety and prudence in outward affairs, both go together to complete a wise man. By knowledge the soul is filled with the graces and comforts of the spirit, those precious and pleasant riches. The spirit is strengthened for the spiritual work and the spiritual warfare, by true wisdom. ( 7-9 ) . A weak man thinks wisdom is too high for him, therefore he will take no pains for it. It is bad to do evil, but worse to devise it. Even the first risings of sin in the heart are sin, and must be repented of. Those that strive to make others hateful, make themselves so. Verse 10 . Under troubles we are apt to despair of relief. But be of good ( proverbs 24:11-12 ) know that his neighbour is in danger by any unjust proceeding, he is bound to do all in his power to deliver him. And what is it to suffer immortal souls to perish, when our persuasions and ( proverbs 24:13-14 ) quickened to the study of wisdom by considering both the pleasure and the profit of it. All men relish things that are sweet to the palate; but many have no relish for the things that are sweet to the purified soul, and that make us wise unto ( proverbs 24:15-16 ) do, by stumbling at some stone in his path; but gets up, and goes on his way with more care and speed. This is rather to be understood of falls into affliction, than falls into actual sin. ( proverbs 24:17-18 ) ( proverbs 24:19-20 ) ( proverbs 24:21-22 ) The godly in the land, will be quiet in the land. There may be cause to change for the better, but have nothing to do with them that are given change. ( 23-26 ) . The wisdom God giveth, renders a man fit for his station. Every one who finds the benefit of the right answer, will be attached to him that gave it. Verse 27 . We must prefer necessaries before conveniences, and not go in debt. ( proverbs 24:28-29 ) ( 30-34 ) . See what a blessing the husbandman's calling is, and what a wilderness this earth would be without it. See what great difference there is in the management even of worldly affairs. Sloth and self-indulgence are the bane of all good. When we see fields overgrown with thorns and thistles, and the fences broken down, we see an emblem of the far more deplorable state of many souls. Every vile affection grows in men's hearts; yet they compose themselves to sleep. Let us show wisdom by doubling our diligence in every good thing.

Cross References 49

  • 1. Psalms 37:1; Proverbs 3:31; Proverbs 23:17; Proverbs 24:19
  • 2. Psalms 1:1; Proverbs 1:15
  • 3. Isaiah 30:12; Jeremiah 22:17
  • 4. Job 15:35; Psalms 10:7; Psalms 38:12
  • 5. Proverbs 9:1; Proverbs 14:1
  • 6. Proverbs 8:21
  • 7. Proverbs 21:22
  • 8. Proverbs 20:18
  • 9. Proverbs 11:14
  • 10. Psalms 10:5; Proverbs 14:6; Proverbs 17:16
  • 11. Job 5:4; Psalms 127:5
  • 12. Proverbs 6:14; Proverbs 14:22; Romans 1:30
  • 13. Matthew 15:19; Acts 8:22
  • 14. Deuteronomy 20:8; Job 4:5; Jeremiah 51:46; Hebrews 12:3
  • 15. Psalms 82:4; Isaiah 58:6, 7
  • 16. Ecclesiastes 5:8
  • 17. 1 Samuel 16:7; Proverbs 21:2
  • 18. Psalms 94:9-11
  • 19. Psalms 121:3-8
  • 20. Job 34:11; Proverbs 12:14
  • 21. Psalms 19:10; Psalms 119:103; Proverbs 25:16; Song of Songs 5:1
  • 22. Proverbs 16:24; Proverbs 27:7; Song of Songs 4:11
  • 23. Proverbs 2:10
  • 24. Proverbs 23:18
  • 25. Psalms 10:9, 10
  • 26. Job 5:19; Psalms 37:24; Micah 7:8
  • 27. Proverbs 6:15; Proverbs 14:32; Proverbs 24:22; Jeremiah 18:17
  • 28. Job 31:29; Psalms 35:15, 19; Proverbs 17:5; Obadiah 12
  • 29. Psalms 37:1
  • 30. Proverbs 23:17; Proverbs 24:1
  • 31. Job 15:31
  • 32. Proverbs 23:18
  • 33. Job 18:5, 6; Job 21:17; Proverbs 13:9; Proverbs 20:20
  • 34. Romans 13:1-7; 1 Peter 2:17
  • 35. Proverbs 24:16
  • 36. Proverbs 1:6; Proverbs 22:17
  • 37. Proverbs 18:5; Proverbs 28:21
  • 38. Proverbs 17:15; Isaiah 5:23
  • 39. Proverbs 11:26
  • 40. Proverbs 28:23
  • 41. Proverbs 27:23-27
  • 42. Proverbs 25:18
  • 43. Leviticus 6:2, 3; Leviticus 19:11; Ephesians 4:25
  • 44. Proverbs 20:22; Matthew 5:39; Romans 12:17
  • 45. Proverbs 6:32
  • 46. Genesis 3:18
  • 47. Job 30:7
  • 48. Isaiah 5:5
  • 49. Proverbs 6:10

Footnotes 18

Chapter Summary


This chapter relates Rehoboam's going to Shechem to be made king, and Jeroboam's return from Egypt, 1Ki 12:1,2, the people's request to Rehoboam to be eased of their taxes, as the condition of making him king, 1Ki 12:3,4, his answer to them, after three days, having had the advice both of the old and young men, which latter he followed, and gave in a rough answer, 1Ki 12:5-15, upon which ten tribes revolted from him, and two abode by him, 1Ki 12:16-20, wherefore he meditated a war against the ten tribes, but was forbid by the Lord to engage in it, 1Ki 12:21-24 and Jeroboam, in order to establish his kingdom, and preserve the people from a revolt to the house of David, because of the temple worship at Jerusalem, devised a scheme of idolatrous worship in his own territories, 1Ki 12:25-33.

Proverbs 24 Commentaries