Later they sent some of the Pharisees and Herodians1 to Jesus to catch him2 in his words.
References for Mark 12:13
They came to him and said, "Teacher, we know you are a man of integrity. You aren't swayed by men, because you pay no attention to who they are; but you teach the way of God in accordance with the truth. Is it right to pay taxes to Caesar or not?
Should we pay or shouldn't we?" But Jesus knew their hypocrisy. "Why are you trying to trap me?" he asked. "Bring me a denarius and let me look at it."
They brought the coin, and he asked them, "Whose portrait is this? And whose inscription?" "Caesar's," they replied.
Then Jesus said to them, "Give to Caesar what is Caesar's and to God what is God's."3 And they were amazed at him.
References for Mark 12:17
Then the Sadducees,4 who say there is no resurrection,5 came to him with a question.
References for Mark 12:18
"Teacher," they said, "Moses wrote for us that if a man's brother dies and leaves a wife but no children, the man must marry the widow and have children for his brother.6
References for Mark 12:19
Now there were seven brothers. The first one married and died without leaving any children.
The second one married the widow, but he also died, leaving no child. It was the same with the third.
In fact, none of the seven left any children. Last of all, the woman died too.
At the resurrection whose wife will she be, since the seven were married to her?"
References for Mark 12:23
Jesus replied, "Are you not in error because you do not know the Scriptures7 or the power of God?
References for Mark 12:24
When the dead rise, they will neither marry nor be given in marriage; they will be like the angels in heaven.8
References for Mark 12:25
Now about the dead rising--have you not read in the book of Moses, in the account of the bush, how God said to him, 'I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob'9
References for Mark 12:26
He is not the God of the dead, but of the living. You are badly mistaken!"
One of the teachers of the law10 came and heard them debating. Noticing that Jesus had given them a good answer, he asked him, "Of all the commandments, which is the most important?"
References for Mark 12:28
"The most important one," answered Jesus, "is this: 'Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is one.
References for Mark 12:29
Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength.'11
References for Mark 12:30
The second is this: 'Love your neighbor as yourself.'12 There is no commandment greater than these."
References for Mark 12:31
"Well said, teacher," the man replied. "You are right in saying that God is one and there is no other but him.13
References for Mark 12:32
To love him with all your heart, with all your understanding and with all your strength, and to love your neighbor as yourself is more important than all burnt offerings and sacrifices."14
References for Mark 12:33
When Jesus saw that he had answered wisely, he said to him, "You are not far from the kingdom of God."15 And from then on no one dared ask him any more questions.16
References for Mark 12:34
While Jesus was teaching in the temple courts,17 he asked, "How is it that the teachers of the law say that the Christ is the son of David?18
References for Mark 12:35
David himself, speaking by the Holy Spirit,19 declared: " 'The Lord said to my Lord: "Sit at my right hand until I put your enemies under your feet." '20
References for Mark 12:36
David himself calls him 'Lord.' How then can he be his son?" The large crowd21 listened to him with delight.
References for Mark 12:37
As he taught, Jesus said, "Watch out for the teachers of the law. They like to walk around in flowing robes and be greeted in the marketplaces,
and have the most important seats in the synagogues and the places of honor at banquets.22
References for Mark 12:39
They devour widows' houses and for a show make lengthy prayers. Such men will be punished most severely."