Ezekiel 40 TNIV

The Temple Area Restored

1 In the twenty-fifth year of our exile, at the beginning of the year, on the tenth of the month, in the fourteenth year after the fall of the city1--on that very day the hand of the LORD was on me2 and he took me there.

References for Ezekiel 40:1

2 In visions3 of God he took me to the land of Israel and set me on a very high mountain,4 on whose south side were some buildings that looked like a city.

References for Ezekiel 40:2

3 He took me there, and I saw a man whose appearance was like bronze;5 he was standing in the gateway with a linen cord and a measuring rod6 in his hand.

References for Ezekiel 40:3

4 The man said to me, "Son of man, look carefully and listen closely and pay attention to everything I am going to show you,7 for that is why you have been brought here. Tell8 the house of Israel everything you see.9"

References for Ezekiel 40:4

The East Gate to the Outer Court

5 I saw a wall completely surrounding the temple area. The length of the measuring rod in the man's hand was six long cubits,a each of which was a cubit and a handbreadth. He measured10 the wall; it was one measuring rod thick and one rod high.

References for Ezekiel 40:5

    • a 40:5 - That is, about 10 feet or about 3.1 meters; also in verse 12. The long cubit of about 21 inches or about 52 centimeters is the basic unit of measurement of length throughout Ezekiel 40-48.
      6 Then he went to the east gate.11 He climbed its steps and measured the threshold of the gate; it was one rod deep.

      References for Ezekiel 40:6

      7 The alcoves12 for the guards were one rod long and one rod wide, and the projecting walls between the alcoves were five cubitsb thick. And the threshold of the gate next to the portico facing the temple was one rod deep.

      References for Ezekiel 40:7

        • b 40:7 - That is, about 8 1/2 feet or about 2.6 meters; also in verse 48
          8 Then he measured the portico of the gateway;
          9 itc was eight cubitsd deep and its jambs were two cubitse thick. The portico of the gateway faced the temple.

          References for Ezekiel 40:9

            • c 40:9 - ,9 Many Hebrew manuscripts, Septuagint, Vulgate and Syriac; most Hebrew manuscripts "gateway facing the temple; it was one rod deep. 9 Then he measured the portico of the gateway; it"
            • d 40:9 - That is, about 14 feet or about 4.2 meters
            • e 40:9 - That is, about 3 1/2 feet or about 1 meter
              10 Inside the east gate were three alcoves on each side; the three had the same measurements, and the faces of the projecting walls on each side had the same measurements.
              11 Then he measured the width of the entrance of the gateway; it was ten cubits and its length was thirteen cubits.f

              References for Ezekiel 40:11

                • f 40:11 - That is, about 17 feet wide and 22 feet long or about 5.2 meters wide and 6.8 meters long
                  12 In front of each alcove was a wall one cubit high, and the alcoves were six cubits square.
                  13 Then he measured the gateway from the top of the rear wall of one alcove to the top of the opposite one; the distance was twenty-five cubitsg from one parapet opening to the opposite one.

                  References for Ezekiel 40:13

                    • g 40:13 - That is, about 43 feet or about 13 meters; also in verses 21, 25, 29, 30, 33 and 36
                      14 He measured along the faces of the projecting walls all around the inside of the gateway--sixty cubits.h The measurement was up to the porticoi facing the courtyard.j13

                      References for Ezekiel 40:14

                        • h 40:14 - That is, about 103 feet or about 31 meters
                        • i 40:14 - Septuagint; Hebrew "projecting wall"
                        • j 40:14 - The meaning of the Hebrew for this verse is uncertain.
                          15 The distance from the entrance of the gateway to the far end of its portico was fifty cubits.k

                          References for Ezekiel 40:15

                            • k 40:15 - That is, about 85 feet or about 26 meters; also in verses 21, 25, 29, 33 and 36
                              16 The alcoves and the projecting walls inside the gateway were surmounted by narrow parapet openings all around, as was the portico; the openings all around faced inward. The faces of the projecting walls were decorated with palm trees.14

                              References for Ezekiel 40:16

                              The Outer Court

                              17 Then he brought me into the outer court.15 There I saw some rooms and a pavement that had been constructed all around the court; there were thirty rooms16 along the pavement.17

                              References for Ezekiel 40:17

                              18 It abutted the sides of the gateways and was as wide as they were long; this was the lower pavement.
                              19 Then he measured the distance from the inside of the lower gateway to the outside of the inner court;18 it was a hundred cubitsl19 on the east side as well as on the north.

                              References for Ezekiel 40:19

                                • l 40:19 - That is, about 170 feet or about 52 meters; also in verses 23, 27 and 47

                                  The North Gate

                                  20 Then he measured the length and width of the north gate, leading into the outer court.

                                  References for Ezekiel 40:20

                                      21 Its alcoves20--three on each side--its projecting walls and its portico21 had the same measurements as those of the first gateway. It was fifty cubits long and twenty-five cubits wide.

                                      References for Ezekiel 40:21

                                          22 Its openings, its portico22 and its palm tree decorations had the same measurements as those of the gate facing east. Seven steps led up to it, with its portico opposite them.23

                                          References for Ezekiel 40:22

                                              23 There was a gate to the inner court facing the north gate, just as there was on the east. He measured from one gate to the opposite one; it was a hundred cubits.24

                                              References for Ezekiel 40:23

                                                  The South Gate

                                                  24 Then he led me to the south side and I saw the south gate. He measured its jambs and its portico, and they had the same measurements25 as the others.

                                                  References for Ezekiel 40:24

                                                      25 The gateway and its portico had narrow openings all around, like the openings of the others. It was fifty cubits long and twenty-five cubits wide.26

                                                      References for Ezekiel 40:25

                                                          26 Seven steps led up to it, with its portico opposite them; it had palm tree decorations on the faces of the projecting walls on each side.27

                                                          References for Ezekiel 40:26

                                                              27 The inner court28 also had a gate facing south, and he measured from this gate to the outer gate on the south side; it was a hundred cubits.29

                                                              References for Ezekiel 40:27

                                                                  The Gates to the Inner Court

                                                                  28 Then he brought me into the inner court through the south gate, and he measured the south gate; it had the same measurements30 as the others.

                                                                  References for Ezekiel 40:28

                                                                      29 Its alcoves,31 its projecting walls and its portico had the same measurements as the others. The gateway and its portico had openings all around. It was fifty cubits long and twenty-five cubits wide.32

                                                                      References for Ezekiel 40:29

                                                                          30 (The porticoes33 of the gateways around the inner court were twenty-five cubits wide and five cubits deep.)

                                                                          References for Ezekiel 40:30

                                                                              31 Its portico34 faced the outer court; palm trees decorated its jambs, and eight steps led up to it.35

                                                                              References for Ezekiel 40:31

                                                                                  32 Then he brought me to the inner court on the east side, and he measured the gateway; it had the same measurements36 as the others.

                                                                                  References for Ezekiel 40:32

                                                                                      33 Its alcoves,37 its projecting walls and its portico had the same measurements as the others. The gateway and its portico had openings all around. It was fifty cubits long and twenty-five cubits wide.

                                                                                      References for Ezekiel 40:33

                                                                                          34 Its portico38 faced the outer court; palm trees decorated the jambs on either side, and eight steps led up to it.

                                                                                          References for Ezekiel 40:34

                                                                                              35 Then he brought me to the north gate39 and measured it. It had the same measurements40 as the others,

                                                                                              References for Ezekiel 40:35

                                                                                                  36 as did its alcoves,41 its projecting walls and its portico, and it had openings all around. It was fifty cubits long and twenty-five cubits wide.

                                                                                                  References for Ezekiel 40:36

                                                                                                      37 Its porticom42 faced the outer court; palm trees decorated the jambs on either side, and eight steps led up to it.43

                                                                                                      References for Ezekiel 40:37

                                                                                                        • m 40:37 - Septuagint (see also verses 31 and 34); Hebrew "jambs"

                                                                                                          The Rooms for Preparing Sacrifices

                                                                                                          38 A room with a doorway was by the portico in each of the inner gateways, where the burnt offerings44 were washed.

                                                                                                          References for Ezekiel 40:38

                                                                                                          39 In the portico of the gateway were two tables on each side, on which the burnt offerings,45 sin offeringsn46 and guilt offerings47 were slaughtered.48

                                                                                                          References for Ezekiel 40:39

                                                                                                            • n 40:39 - Or "purification offerings"
                                                                                                              40 By the outside wall of the portico of the gateway, near the steps at the entrance of the north gateway were two tables, and on the other side of the steps were two tables.
                                                                                                              41 So there were four tables on one side of the gateway and four on the other--eight tables in all--on which the sacrifices were slaughtered.
                                                                                                              42 There were also four tables of dressed stone49 for the burnt offerings, each a cubit and a half long, a cubit and a half wide and a cubit high.o On them were placed the utensils for slaughtering the burnt offerings and the other sacrifices.50

                                                                                                              References for Ezekiel 40:42

                                                                                                                • o 40:42 - That is, about 2 1/2 feet long and wide and 21 inches high or about 78 centimeters long and wide and 52 centimeters high
                                                                                                                  43 And double-pronged hooks, each a handbreadthp long, were attached to the wall all around. The tables were for the flesh of the offerings.

                                                                                                                  References for Ezekiel 40:43

                                                                                                                    • p 40:43 - That is, about 3 1/2 inches or about 9 centimeters

                                                                                                                      The Rooms for the Priests

                                                                                                                      44 Outside the inner gate, within the inner court, were two rooms, oneq at the side of the north gate and facing south, and another at the side of the southr gate and facing north.

                                                                                                                      References for Ezekiel 40:44

                                                                                                                        • q 40:44 - Septuagint; Hebrew "were rooms for singers, which were"
                                                                                                                        • r 40:44 - Septuagint; Hebrew "east"
                                                                                                                          45 He said to me, "The room facing south is for the priests who guard the temple,51

                                                                                                                          References for Ezekiel 40:45

                                                                                                                          46 and the room facing north52 is for the priests who guard the altar.53 These are the sons of Zadok,54 who are the only Levites who may draw near to the LORD to minister before him.55"

                                                                                                                          References for Ezekiel 40:46

                                                                                                                          47 Then he measured the court: It was square--a hundred cubits long and a hundred cubits wide. And the altar was in front of the temple.56

                                                                                                                          References for Ezekiel 40:47

                                                                                                                          The New Temple

                                                                                                                          48 He brought me to the portico of the temple57 and measured the jambs of the portico; they were five cubits wide on either side. The width of the entrance was fourteen cubitss and its projecting walls weret three cubitsu wide on either side.

                                                                                                                          References for Ezekiel 40:48

                                                                                                                            • s 40:48 - That is, about 24 feet or about 7.3 meters
                                                                                                                            • t 40:48 - Septuagint; Hebrew "entrance was"
                                                                                                                            • u 40:48 - That is, about 5 1/4 feet or about 1.5 meters
                                                                                                                              49 The portico58 was twenty cubitsv wide, and twelvew cubitsx from front to back. It was reached by a flight of stairs,y and there were pillars59 on each side of the jambs.

                                                                                                                              References for Ezekiel 40:49

                                                                                                                                • v 40:49 - That is, about 34 feet or about 10.4 meters
                                                                                                                                • w 40:49 - Septuagint; Hebrew "eleven"
                                                                                                                                • x 40:49 - That is, about 21 feet or about 6.2 meters
                                                                                                                                • y 40:49 - Hebrew; Septuagint "Ten steps led up to it"