Genesis 4 TNIV

Cain and Abel

1 Adama made love to his wife1 Eve,2 and she became pregnant and gave birth to Cain.b3 She said, "With the help of the LORD I have brought forthc a man."

References for Genesis 4:1

    • a 4:1 - Or "The man"
    • b 4:1 - "Cain" sounds like the Hebrew for "brought forth" or "acquired."
    • c 4:1 - Or "have acquired"
      2 Later she gave birth to his brother Abel.4 Now Abel kept flocks, and Cain worked the soil.5

      References for Genesis 4:2

      3 In the course of time Cain brought some of the fruits of the soil as an offering6 to the LORD.7

      References for Genesis 4:3

      4 And Abel also brought an offering--fat portions8 from some of the firstborn of his flock.9 The LORD looked with favor on Abel and his offering,10

      References for Genesis 4:4

      5 but on Cain and his offering he did not look with favor. So Cain was very angry, and his face was downcast.
      6 Then the LORD said to Cain, "Why are you angry?11 Why is your face downcast?

      References for Genesis 4:6

      7 If you do what is right, will you not be accepted? But if you do not do what is right, sin is crouching at your door;12 it desires to have you, but you must rule over it.13"

      References for Genesis 4:7

      8 Now Cain said to his brother Abel, "Let's go out to the field."d While they were in the field, Cain attacked his brother Abel and killed him.14

      References for Genesis 4:8

        • d 4:8 - Samaritan Pentateuch, Septuagint, Vulgate and Syriac; Masoretic Text does not have ""Let's go out to the field.""
          9 Then the LORD said to Cain, "Where is your brother Abel?"15 "I don't know,16" he replied. "Am I my brother's keeper?"

          References for Genesis 4:9

          10 The LORD said, "What have you done? Listen! Your brother's blood cries out to me from the ground.17
          11 Now you are under a curse18 and driven from the ground, which opened its mouth to receive your brother's blood from your hand.

          References for Genesis 4:11

          12 When you work the ground, it will no longer yield its crops for you.19 You will be a restless wanderer20 on the earth.21"

          References for Genesis 4:12

          13 Cain said to the LORD, "My punishment is more than I can bear.
          14 Today you are driving me from the land, and I will be hidden from your presence;22 I will be a restless wanderer on the earth,23 and whoever finds me will kill me."24
          15 But the LORD said to him, "Not soe; anyone who kills Cain25 will suffer vengeance26 seven times over.27" Then the LORD put a mark on Cain so that no one who found him would kill him.

          References for Genesis 4:15

            • e 4:15 - Septuagint, Vulgate and Syriac; Hebrew "Very well"
              16 So Cain went out from the LORD's presence28 and lived in the land of Nod,f east of Eden.29

              References for Genesis 4:16

                • f 4:16 - "Nod" means "wandering" (see verses 12 and 14).
                  17 Cain made love to his wife,30 and she became pregnant and gave birth to Enoch. Cain was then building a city,31 and he named it after his son32 Enoch.

                  References for Genesis 4:17

                      18 To Enoch was born Irad, and Irad was the father of Mehujael, and Mehujael was the father of Methushael, and Methushael was the father of Lamech.
                      19 Lamech married33 two women,34 one named Adah and the other Zillah.

                      References for Genesis 4:19

                      20 Adah gave birth to Jabal; he was the father of those who live in tents and raise livestock.
                      21 His brother's name was Jubal; he was the father of all who play stringed instruments35 and pipes.36

                      References for Genesis 4:21

                      22 Zillah also had a son, Tubal-Cain, who forged37 all kinds of tools out ofg bronze and iron. Tubal-Cain's sister was Naamah.

                      References for Genesis 4:22

                        • g 4:22 - Or "who instructed all who work in"
                          23 Lamech said to his wives, "Adah and Zillah, listen to me; wives of Lamech, hear my words. I have killed38 a man for wounding me, a young man for injuring me.

                          References for Genesis 4:23

                          24 If Cain is avenged39 seven times,40 then Lamech seventy-seven times.41"

                          References for Genesis 4:24

                          25 Adam made love to his wife42 again, and she gave birth to a son and named him Seth,h43 saying, "God has granted me another child in place of Abel, since Cain killed him."44

                          References for Genesis 4:25

                            • h 4:25 - "Seth" probably means "granted."
                              26 Seth also had a son, and he named him Enosh.45 At that time people began to call oni the name of the LORD.46

                              References for Genesis 4:26