Genesis 4:16

16 So Cain went out from the LORD’s presence and lived in the land of Nod,[a] east of Eden.

Genesis 4:16 in Other Translations

KJV
16 And Cain went out from the presence of the LORD, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden.
ESV
16 Then Cain went away from the presence of the LORD and settled in the land of Nod, east of Eden.
NLT
16 So Cain left the LORD ’s presence and settled in the land of Nod, east of Eden.
MSG
16 Cain left the presence of God and lived in No-Man's-Land, east of Eden.
CSB
16 Then Cain went out from the Lord's presence and lived in the land of Nod, east of Eden.

Genesis 4:16 Meaning and Commentary

Genesis 4:16

And Cain went out from the presence of the Lord
Either from the place where the Lord was talking with him; or from the place where his glorious Majesty usually resided, where was some visible token of his presence, some stream of light and glory which showed him to be there, and which was at the east of the garden of Eden; from whence Cain was obliged to go, not being suffered to appear any more before God, or among his worshippers: there was a place near Tripoli in Syria, near where Mount Lebanon ends, called (proswpon tou yeou) , "the face of God", made mention of by Polybius {e}, and Strabo F6: and was near those parts where some place the garden of Eden; and it is possible might have its name from some tradition that this was the place where the face of God was seen, or his presence enjoyed by our first parents after their ejection from Eden, and from whence Cain went forth:

and dwelt in the land of Nod;
so called, not before he went there, but from his wandering up and down in it; continuing in no one place in it, as well as his mind was restless and uneasy; Jarchi mentions another reason of its name, that in every place where he went the earth shook under him, and men said, Depart from him, this is he that slew his brother:

on the east of Eden;
further east from the place where his father Adam and his other children dwelt; not being allowed to continue any longer with them, or converse with them, after he had been guilty of so horrid a crime.


FOOTNOTES:

F5 Hist. l. 5. p. 260.
F6 Geograph. l. 16. p. 519.

Genesis 4:16 In-Context

14 Today you are driving me from the land, and I will be hidden from your presence; I will be a restless wanderer on the earth, and whoever finds me will kill me.”
15 But the LORD said to him, “Not so ; anyone who kills Cain will suffer vengeance seven times over.” Then the LORD put a mark on Cain so that no one who found him would kill him.
16 So Cain went out from the LORD’s presence and lived in the land of Nod, east of Eden.
17 Cain made love to his wife, and she became pregnant and gave birth to Enoch. Cain was then building a city, and he named it after his son Enoch.
18 To Enoch was born Irad, and Irad was the father of Mehujael, and Mehujael was the father of Methushael, and Methushael was the father of Lamech.

Cross References 2

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. "Nod" means "wandering" (see verses 12 and 14).