1 Samuel 1:1-18

The Birth of Samuel

1 There was a certain man from Ramathaim, a Zuphite[a] from the hill country of Ephraim, whose name was Elkanah son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephraimite.
2 He had two wives; one was called Hannah and the other Peninnah. Peninnah had children, but Hannah had none.
3 Year after year this man went up from his town to worship and sacrifice to the LORD Almighty at Shiloh, where Hophni and Phinehas, the two sons of Eli, were priests of the LORD.
4 Whenever the day came for Elkanah to sacrifice, he would give portions of the meat to his wife Peninnah and to all her sons and daughters.
5 But to Hannah he gave a double portion because he loved her, and the LORD had closed her womb.
6 Because the LORD had closed Hannah’s womb, her rival kept provoking her in order to irritate her.
7 This went on year after year. Whenever Hannah went up to the house of the LORD, her rival provoked her till she wept and would not eat.
8 Her husband Elkanah would say to her, “Hannah, why are you weeping? Why don’t you eat? Why are you downhearted? Don’t I mean more to you than ten sons?”
9 Once when they had finished eating and drinking in Shiloh, Hannah stood up. Now Eli the priest was sitting on his chair by the doorpost of the LORD’s house.
10 In her deep anguish Hannah prayed to the LORD, weeping bitterly.
11 And she made a vow, saying, “LORD Almighty, if you will only look on your servant’s misery and remember me, and not forget your servant but give her a son, then I will give him to the LORD for all the days of his life, and no razor will ever be used on his head.”
12 As she kept on praying to the LORD, Eli observed her mouth.
13 Hannah was praying in her heart, and her lips were moving but her voice was not heard. Eli thought she was drunk
14 and said to her, “How long are you going to stay drunk? Put away your wine.”
15 “Not so, my lord,” Hannah replied, “I am a woman who is deeply troubled. I have not been drinking wine or beer; I was pouring out my soul to the LORD.
16 Do not take your servant for a wicked woman; I have been praying here out of my great anguish and grief.”
17 Eli answered, “Go in peace, and may the God of Israel grant you what you have asked of him.”
18 She said, “May your servant find favor in your eyes.” Then she went her way and ate something, and her face was no longer downcast.

Cross References 31

  • 1. S Joshua 18:25
  • 2. 1 Samuel 9:5
  • 3. Joshua 17:17-18
  • 4. Joshua 21:20-22
  • 5. 1 Chronicles 6:27,34
  • 6. S Genesis 4:19; Deuteronomy 21:15-17; Luke 2:36
  • 7. ver 21; Exodus 23:14; Exodus 34:23; 1 Samuel 2:19; 1 Samuel 20:6,29; Luke 2:41
  • 8. Deuteronomy 12:5-7
  • 9. S Joshua 18:1
  • 10. 1 Samuel 2:31; 1 Samuel 14:3
  • 11. Leviticus 7:15-18; Deuteronomy 12:17-18
  • 12. S Genesis 29:34
  • 13. S Genesis 37:3
  • 14. S Genesis 11:30; S Genesis 29:31; Genesis 16:1; Genesis 30:2
  • 15. S Genesis 16:4; Job 24:21
  • 16. 2 Samuel 12:17; Psalms 102:4
  • 17. S Ruth 4:15
  • 18. 1 Samuel 3:3
  • 19. Job 3:20; Job 7:11; Job 10:1; Job 21:25; Job 23:2; Job 27:2; Isaiah 38:15; Jeremiah 20:18
  • 20. S Judges 11:30
  • 21. S Genesis 17:1; Psalms 24:10; Psalms 46:7; Isaiah 1:9
  • 22. S Genesis 8:1; Genesis 28:20; Genesis 29:32
  • 23. S Judges 13:7
  • 24. Numbers 6:1-21; Judges 13:5; Luke 1:15
  • 25. 2 Kings 4:27
  • 26. Psalms 42:4; Psalms 62:8; Lamentations 2:19
  • 27. Psalms 55:2
  • 28. Numbers 6:26; Judges 18:6; 1 Samuel 20:42; 1 Samuel 25:35; 2 Kings 5:19; Mark 5:34; S Acts 15:33
  • 29. S Genesis 25:21; Psalms 20:3-5
  • 30. S Genesis 18:3; Ruth 2:13
  • 31. Ecclesiastes 9:7; Romans 15:13

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. See Septuagint and 1 Chron. 6:26-27,33-35; or "from Ramathaim Zuphim" .
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