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1 Samuel 1:5

5 But to Hannah he gave a double portion because he loved her, and the LORD had closed her womb.

1 Samuel 1:5 in Other Translations

5 But unto Hannah he gave a worthy portion; for he loved Hannah: but the LORD had shut up her womb.
5 But to Hannah he gave a double portion, because he loved her, though the LORD had closed her womb.
5 And though he loved Hannah, he would give her only one choice portion because the LORD had given her no children.
5 but he always gave an especially generous helping to Hannah because he loved her so much, and because God had not given her children.
5 But he gave a double portion to Hannah, for he loved her even though the Lord had kept her from conceiving.

1 Samuel 1:5 Meaning and Commentary

1 Samuel 1:5

But unto Hannah he gave a worthy portion
Or, one choice portion, as the Targum; the best part or portion in the peace offering, of what the priest had not; he had the breast and the right shoulder, the next best piece he gave to Hannah; and the word being of the dual number, some render it a double portion; others, "one part of two faces" F8; which Jerom interprets, which might be received with a cheerful countenance, it was so good and excellent in its kind; others interpret it that he gave it with a sorrowful F9 and displeased countenance, because of the reason following, that she had no children; but Ben Gersom understands it of a part or portion of meat that had two faces or appearances; that he gave her one of the pieces, one part of which was very fat, and the other had no fat on it, so that she might choose what she liked best:

for he loved Hannah;
loved her best, and therefore did everything to please her, and make her comfortable under her affliction for want of children, and to express his tender affection for her:

but the Lord had shut up her womb;
restrained her from conception, and bearing children; see ( Genesis 20:18 ) or "though the Lord had shut up her womb" F11; this did not abate his love to her.


F8 (Mypa txa hnm) "unam portionem duarum facicrum", Sanctius Belgae.
F9 Sic Stockins, p. 79.
F11 (hwhyw) "quanquam Jehovah", Piscator.

1 Samuel 1:5 In-Context

3 Year after year this man went up from his town to worship and sacrifice to the LORD Almighty at Shiloh, where Hophni and Phinehas, the two sons of Eli, were priests of the LORD.
4 Whenever the day came for Elkanah to sacrifice, he would give portions of the meat to his wife Peninnah and to all her sons and daughters.
5 But to Hannah he gave a double portion because he loved her, and the LORD had closed her womb.
6 Because the LORD had closed Hannah’s womb, her rival kept provoking her in order to irritate her.
7 This went on year after year. Whenever Hannah went up to the house of the LORD, her rival provoked her till she wept and would not eat.

Cross References 2

  • 1. S Genesis 37:3
  • 2. S Genesis 11:30; S Genesis 29:31; Genesis 16:1; Genesis 30:2
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