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Compare Translations for 1 Chronicles 18:2

1 Chronicles 18:2 ASV
And he smote Moab; and the Moabites became servants to David, and brought tribute.
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1 Chronicles 18:2 BBE
And he overcame Moab, and the Moabites became his servants and gave him offerings.
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1 Chronicles 18:2 CEB
He also defeated Moab, enslaving them and requiring payment.
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1 Chronicles 18:2 CJB
He also defeated Mo'av, so that the people of Mo'av became subjects of David and paid tribute.
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1 Chronicles 18:2 RHE
And he defeated Moab, and the Moabites were made David’s servants, and brought him gifts.
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1 Chronicles 18:2 ESV
And he defeated Moab, and the Moabites became servants to David and brought tribute.
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1 Chronicles 18:2 GW
He also defeated Moab, and the Moabites became David's subjects and paid taxes [to him].
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1 Chronicles 18:2 GNT
He also defeated the Moabites, who became his subjects and paid taxes to him.
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1 Chronicles 18:2 HNV
He struck Mo'av; and the Mo`avim became servants to David, and brought tribute.
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1 Chronicles 18:2 CSB
He also defeated the Moabites, and they became David's subjects and brought tribute.
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1 Chronicles 18:2 KJV
And he smote Moab; and the Moabites became David's servants, and brought gifts.
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1 Chronicles 18:2 LEB
And he struck Moab, and the Moabites became servants to David, bearing tribute.
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1 Chronicles 18:2 NAS
He defeated Moab, and the Moabites became servants to David, bringing tribute.
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1 Chronicles 18:2 NCV
He also defeated the people of Moab. So the people of Moab became servants of David and gave him the payment he demanded.
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1 Chronicles 18:2 NIRV
David also won the battle over the people of Moab. They were brought under his rule. They gave him the gifts he required them to bring him.
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1 Chronicles 18:2 NIV
David also defeated the Moabites, and they became subject to him and brought tribute.
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1 Chronicles 18:2 NKJV
Then he defeated Moab, and the Moabites became David's servants, and brought tribute.
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1 Chronicles 18:2 NLT
David also conquered the land of Moab, and the Moabites became David's subjects and brought him tribute money.
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1 Chronicles 18:2 NRS
He defeated Moab, and the Moabites became subject to David and brought tribute.
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1 Chronicles 18:2 RSV
And he defeated Moab, and the Mo'abites became servants to David and brought tribute.
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1 Chronicles 18:2 DBY
And he smote the Moabites; and the Moabites became David's servants, [and] brought gifts.
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1 Chronicles 18:2 MSG
He also fought and defeated Moab. The Moabites came under David's rule and paid regular tribute.
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1 Chronicles 18:2 WBT
And he smote Moab; and the Moabites became David's servants, [and] brought gifts.
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1 Chronicles 18:2 TMB
And he smote Moab, and the Moabites became David's servants and brought gifts.
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1 Chronicles 18:2 TNIV
David also defeated the Moabites, and they became subject to him and brought him tribute.
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1 Chronicles 18:2 WEB
He struck Moab; and the Moabites became servants to David, and brought tribute.
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1 Chronicles 18:2 WYC
and he smote Moab (and he struck Moab); and Moabites were made the servants of David, and brought gifts to him.
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1 Chronicles 18:2 YLT
and he smiteth Moab, and the Moabites are servants to David, bringing a present.
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1 Chronicles 18 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 18

David's victories.

( 2 Samuel 19 ) under the Captain of our salvation, will end in everlasting triumph and peace. The happiness of Israel, through David's victories, and just government, faintly shadowed forth the happiness of the redeemed in the realms above.

1 Chronicles 18 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 18

1 Chronicles 18:1 1 Chronicles 18:2 . DAVID SUBDUES THE PHILISTINES AND MOABITES.

1. David . . . took Gath and her towns--The full extent of David's conquests in the Philistine territory is here distinctly stated, whereas in the parallel passage ( 2 Samuel 8:1 ) it was only described in a general way. Gath was the "Metheg-ammah," or "arm-bridle," as it is there called--either from its supremacy as the capital over the other Philistine towns, or because, in the capture of that important place and its dependencies, he obtained the complete control of his restless neighbors.

2. he smote Moab--The terrible severities by which David's conquest of that people was marked, and the probable reason of their being subjected to such a dreadful retribution, are narrated ( 2 Samuel 8:2 ).
the Moabites . . . brought gifts--that is, became tributary to Israel.

1 Chronicles 18:3-17 . DAVID SMITES HADADEZER AND THE SYRIANS.

3. Hadarezer--or, "Hadadezer" ( 2 Samuel 8:3 ), which was probably the original form of the name, was derived from Hadad, a Syrian deity. It seems to have become the official and hereditary title of the rulers of that kingdom.
Zobah--Its situation is determined by the words "unto" or "towards Hamath," a little to the northeast of Damascus, and is supposed by some to be the same place as in earlier times was called Hobah ( Genesis 14:15 ). Previous to the rise of Damascus, Zobah was the capital of the kingdom which held supremacy among the petty states of Syria.
as he went to stablish his dominion by the river Euphrates--Some refer this to David, who was seeking to extend his possessions in one direction towards a point bordering on the Euphrates, in accordance with the promise ( Genesis 15:18 , Numbers 24:17 ). But others are of opinion that, as David's name is mentioned ( 1 Chronicles 18:4 ), this reference is most applicable to Hadadezer.

4-8. And David took from him a thousand In 2 Samuel 8:4 David is said to have taken seven hundred horsemen, whereas here it is said that he took seven thousand. This great discrepancy in the text of the two narratives seems to have originated with a transcriber in confounding the two Hebrew letters which indicate the numbers, and in neglecting to mark or obscure the points over one of them. We have no means of ascertaining whether seven hundred or seven thousand be the more correct. Probably the former should be adopted [DAVIDSON'S HERMENUTICS].
but reserved of them an hundred chariots--probably to grace a triumphal procession on his return to Jerusalem, and after using them in that way, destroy them like the rest.

8. from Tibhath and from Chun--These places are called Betah and Berothai ( 2 Samuel 8:8 ). Perhaps the one might be the Jewish, the other the Syrian, name of these towns. Neither their situation nor the connection between them is known. The Arabic version makes them to be Emesa (now Hems) and Baal-bek, both of which agree very well with the relative position of Zobah.

9-13. Tou--or Toi--whose dominions border on those of Hadadezer.

17. the Cherethites and the Pelethites--who formed the royal bodyguard. The Cherethites were, most probably, those brave men who all along accompanied David while among the Philistines, and from that people derived their name ( 1 Samuel 30:14 , Ezekiel 25:16 , Zephaniah 2:5 ) as well as their skill in archery--while the Pelethites were those who joined him at Ziklag, took their name from Pelet, the chief man in the company ( 1 Chronicles 12:3 ), and, being Benjamites, were expert in the use of the sling.