1 Kings 22 NIV

Micaiah Prophesies Against Ahab

22:1-28pp -- 2Ch 18:1-27

1 For three years there was no war between Aram and Israel.

References for 1 Kings 22:1

      2 But in the third year Jehoshaphat king of Judah went down to see the king of Israel.
      3 The king of Israel had said to his officials, "Don't you know that Ramoth Gilead1 belongs to us and yet we are doing nothing to retake it from the king of Aram?"

      References for 1 Kings 22:3

      4 So he asked Jehoshaphat, "Will you go with me to fight2 against Ramoth Gilead?" Jehoshaphat replied to the king of Israel, "I am as you are, my people as your people, my horses as your horses."

      References for 1 Kings 22:4

      5 But Jehoshaphat also said to the king of Israel, "First seek the counsel3 of the LORD."

      References for 1 Kings 22:5

      6 So the king of Israel brought together the prophets--about four hundred men--and asked them, "Shall I go to war against Ramoth Gilead, or shall I refrain?" "Go,"4 they answered, "for the Lord will give it into the king's hand."5

      References for 1 Kings 22:6

      7 But Jehoshaphat asked, "Is there not a prophet6 of the LORD here whom we can inquire7 of ?"

      References for 1 Kings 22:7

      8 The king of Israel answered Jehoshaphat, "There is still one man through whom we can inquire of the LORD, but I hate8 him because he never prophesies anything good9 about me, but always bad. He is Micaiah son of Imlah." "The king should not say that," Jehoshaphat replied.

      References for 1 Kings 22:8

      9 So the king of Israel called one of his officials and said, "Bring Micaiah son of Imlah at once."
      10 Dressed in their royal robes, the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat king of Judah were sitting on their thrones at the threshing floor10 by the entrance of the gate of Samaria, with all the prophets prophesying before them.

      References for 1 Kings 22:10

      11 Now Zedekiah11 son of Kenaanah had made iron horns12 and he declared, "This is what the LORD says: 'With these you will gore the Arameans until they are destroyed.' "

      References for 1 Kings 22:11

      12 All the other prophets were prophesying the same thing. "Attack Ramoth Gilead and be victorious," they said, "for the LORD will give it into the king's hand."
      13 The messenger who had gone to summon Micaiah said to him, "Look, as one man the other prophets are predicting success for the king. Let your word agree with theirs, and speak favorably."13

      References for 1 Kings 22:13

          14 But Micaiah said, "As surely as the LORD lives, I can tell him only what the LORD tells me."14

          References for 1 Kings 22:14

          15 When he arrived, the king asked him, "Micaiah, shall we go to war against Ramoth Gilead, or shall I refrain?" "Attack and be victorious," he answered, "for the LORD will give it into the king's hand."
          16 The king said to him, "How many times must I make you swear to tell me nothing but the truth in the name of the LORD?"
          17 Then Micaiah answered, "I saw all Israel scattered15 on the hills like sheep without a shepherd,16 and the LORD said, 'These people have no master. Let each one go home in peace.' "

          References for 1 Kings 22:17

          18 The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, "Didn't I tell you that he never prophesies anything good about me, but only bad?"
          19 Micaiah continued, "Therefore hear the word of the LORD: I saw the LORD sitting on his throne17 with all the host18 of heaven standing around him on his right and on his left.

          References for 1 Kings 22:19

          20 And the LORD said, 'Who will entice Ahab into attacking Ramoth Gilead and going to his death there?' "One suggested this, and another that.
          21 Finally, a spirit came forward, stood before the LORD and said, 'I will entice him.'
          22 " 'By what means?' the LORD asked. " 'I will go out and be a lying19 spirit in the mouths of all his prophets,' he said. " 'You will succeed in enticing him,' said the LORD. 'Go and do it.'

          References for 1 Kings 22:22

          23 "So now the LORD has put a lying20 spirit in the mouths of all these prophets21 of yours. The LORD has decreed disaster22 for you."

          References for 1 Kings 22:23

          24 Then Zedekiah23 son of Kenaanah went up and slapped24 Micaiah in the face. "Which way did the spirit froma the LORD go when he went from me to speak25 to you?" he asked.

          References for 1 Kings 22:24

            • a 22:24 - Or "Spirit of"
              25 Micaiah replied, "You will find out on the day you go to hide26 in an inner room."

              References for 1 Kings 22:25

              26 The king of Israel then ordered, "Take Micaiah and send him back to Amon the ruler of the city and to Joash the king's son
              27 and say, 'This is what the king says: Put this fellow in prison27 and give him nothing but bread and water until I return safely.' "

              References for 1 Kings 22:27

              28 Micaiah declared, "If you ever return safely, the LORD has not spoken28 through me." Then he added, "Mark my words, all you people!"

              References for 1 Kings 22:28

              Ahab Killed at Ramoth Gilead

              22:29-36pp -- 2Ch 18:28-34

              29 So the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat king of Judah went up to Ramoth Gilead.

              References for 1 Kings 22:29

                  30 The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, "I will enter the battle in disguise,29 but you wear your royal robes." So the king of Israel disguised himself and went into battle.

                  References for 1 Kings 22:30

                      31 Now the king of Aram30 had ordered his thirty-two chariot commanders, "Do not fight with anyone, small or great, except the king31 of Israel."

                      References for 1 Kings 22:31

                      32 When the chariot commanders saw Jehoshaphat, they thought, "Surely this is the king of Israel." So they turned to attack him, but when Jehoshaphat cried out,
                      33 the chariot commanders saw that he was not the king of Israel and stopped pursuing him.
                      34 But someone drew his bow32 at random and hit the king of Israel between the sections of his armor. The king told his chariot driver, "Wheel around and get me out of the fighting. I've been wounded."

                      References for 1 Kings 22:34

                      35 All day long the battle raged, and the king was propped up in his chariot facing the Arameans. The blood from his wound ran onto the floor of the chariot, and that evening he died.
                      36 As the sun was setting, a cry spread through the army: "Every man to his town; everyone to his land!"33

                      References for 1 Kings 22:36

                      37 So the king died and was brought to Samaria, and they buried him there.
                      38 They washed the chariot at a pool in Samaria (where the prostitutes bathed),b and the dogs34 licked up his blood, as the word of the LORD had declared.

                      References for 1 Kings 22:38

                        • b 22:38 - Or "Samaria and cleaned the weapons"
                          39 As for the other events of Ahab's reign, including all he did, the palace he built and inlaid with ivory,35 and the cities he fortified, are they not written in the book of the annals of the kings of Israel?

                          References for 1 Kings 22:39

                          40 Ahab rested with his fathers. And Ahaziah his son succeeded him as king.

                          Jehoshaphat King of Judah

                          22:41-50pp -- 2Ch 20:31-21:1

                          41 Jehoshaphat son of Asa became king of Judah in the fourth year of Ahab king of Israel.

                          References for 1 Kings 22:41

                              42 Jehoshaphat was thirty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem twenty-five years. His mother's name was Azubah daughter of Shilhi.
                              43 In everything he walked in the ways of his father Asa36 and did not stray from them; he did what was right in the eyes of the LORD. The high places,37 however, were not removed, and the people continued to offer sacrifices and burn incense there.

                              References for 1 Kings 22:43

                              44 Jehoshaphat was also at peace with the king of Israel.
                              45 As for the other events of Jehoshaphat's reign, the things he achieved and his military exploits, are they not written in the book of the annals of the kings of Judah?
                              46 He rid the land of the rest of the male shrine prostitutes38 who remained there even after the reign of his father Asa.

                              References for 1 Kings 22:46

                              47 There was then no king39 in Edom; a deputy ruled.

                              References for 1 Kings 22:47

                              48 Now Jehoshaphat built a fleet of trading shipsc40 to go to Ophir for gold, but they never set sail--they were wrecked at Ezion Geber.41

                              References for 1 Kings 22:48

                                • c 22:48 - Hebrew "of ships of Tarshish"
                                  49 At that time Ahaziah son of Ahab said to Jehoshaphat, "Let my men sail with your men," but Jehoshaphat refused.
                                  50 Then Jehoshaphat rested with his fathers and was buried with them in the city of David his father. And Jehoram his son succeeded him.

                                  Ahaziah King of Israel

                                  51 Ahaziah son of Ahab became king of Israel in Samaria in the seventeenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and he reigned over Israel two years.

                                  References for 1 Kings 22:51

                                      52 He did evil42 in the eyes of the LORD, because he walked in the ways of his father and mother and in the ways of Jeroboam son of Nebat, who caused Israel to sin.

                                      References for 1 Kings 22:52

                                      53 He served and worshiped Baal43 and provoked the LORD, the God of Israel, to anger, just as his father44 had done.

                                      References for 1 Kings 22:53