1 Kings 22

The Book of 1 Kings
Chapter 22

Chapter Overview:

Ahab invites Jehoshaphat to join in recovering Ramoth - gilead, ver. 1 - 4.
His false prophets promise him success, ver. 5, 6.
He sends for Micaiah, ver. 7 - 10.
Farther promises, ver. 11, 12.
Micaiah's uprightness and prediction, ver. 13 - 23.
He is abused and imprisoned, ver. 24 - 28.
An account of the battle, wherein Ahab is slain, ver. 29 - 40.
The good reign of Jehoshaphat, ver. 41 - 50.
The wicked reign of Ahaziah, ver. 51 - 53.
22:2Came down, &c. - It is strange, that so good a man would be so closely connected with a king revolted from the worship of God! But heappears to have been of too easy a temper, which betrayed him to manyinconveniencies.
22:3Is ours - Belongeth to us by right. both by God's donation, and by our last agreement with Ben - hadad, chap. 20:34 , which yet herefuseth to deliver up.
22:5Enquire - A good man, wherever he goes, will take God along with him, will acknowledge him in all his ways, and look to him for success.And wherever he goes, he ought to take his religion along with him: and notbe ashamed to own it, even among those who have no kindness for it.
22:6The prophets - Doubtless his own false prophets, or the priests of the groves; who yet gave in their answer in the name of Jehovah; either,in compliance with Jehoshaphat, or by Ahab's direction, thatJehoshaphat might be deceived by them, into a good opinion of the war.
22:8One man - In this place, for whom I can speedily send: for there were also other prophets elsewhere in the kingdom, but these were not athand. Micaiah - Not one of the twelve prophets, who lived about a hundredand fifty years after this time, but another of that name.Let not, &c. - Let us neither hate his person, nor despise his message;but first hear it, and then do as we see cause.
22:9Micaiah - It seems, he had imprisoned him; for ver. 26 , he bids the officer carry him back, namely to the place where he wasbefore. Probably this was he that had reproved him, for lettingBen - hadad go: And for that, had lain in prison three years. But thisdid not make him less confident, or less faithful in delivering his message.
22:14Said - What answer God shall put in to my mouth. Bravely resolved! And as became one who had an eye to a greater king thaneither of these.
22:15Go - Using the very words of the false prophets, in way of derision. Micaiah's meaning is plainly this, because thou dost notseek to know the truth, but only to please thyself, go to the battle,as all thy prophets advise thee, and try the truth of their predictionby thy own experience.
22:17I saw - In the spirit, or in a vision. The hills - Upon the mountains of Gilead, nigh Ramoth, where they lay encamped byAhab's order. As sheep - As people who have lost their king.Return - Discharged from the war: which was fulfilled, ver. 26 .
22:18Evil - Nay, but what evil was it, to tell him, what would be the event, if he proceeded in his expedition, while it was in his own power,whether he would proceed, or no? The greatest kindness we can do to onethat is walking in a dangerous way, is to tell him of his danger.
22:19He said - I will give thee a distinct and true account of the whole matter, in God's name and presence. I saw - By the eyes of my mind:for he could not see the Lord with bodily eyes. The Host - The angels,both good and bad, the one possibly on his right, the other on his lefthand. Nor is it strange that the devils are called the host of heaven;if you consider, first, that their original seat was in heaven. Secondly,that the name of heaven is often given to all that part of the world whichis above the earth, and among the rest, to the air, and where the devil'sresidence and dominion lies, Ephesians 2:2 ,and that both Michael and his angels, and the Dragon and his angels,are said to be, and to wage war in heaven, Revelation 12:7 , either theair, or the church.
22:20Who shall - This is not to be grossly understood, as if God were at a loss to find out an expedient to accomplish his own will; but only tobring down divine things to our shallow capacities, and to express thevarious means which God hath to execute his own designs.
22:21A spirit - An evil spirit came, and presented himself before the throne.
22:22He said - I will inspire a lie into the minds and mouths of his prophets. Thou shalt - I will give them up into thy hands, and leave themto their own ignorance and wickedness. Go - This is not a command, butonly a permission.
22:24Zedekiah - The chief of the false prophets, who was much in the king's favour. Which way - In what manner went it? Forasmuch as I andmy brethren have consulted the Lord, and have the same spirit which thoupretendest to have.
22:25Hide thyself - Probably he went with Ahab to the battle, after which he was glad to shelter himself where he could.
22:27Bread, &c. - With a very course and sparing diet, whereby he may be only supported to endure his torment.
22:31Save only - This he ordered, truly supposing this to be the best way to put an end to the war: and by the providence of God, which disposeththe hearts of kings as he pleaseth; and inclined them to this course, thatthey might, though ignorantly, accomplish his counsel. Perhaps Ben - hadadonly designed to have taken him prisoner, that he might now give him ashonourable a treatment, as he had formerly received from him.
22:34The joints - Where the several parts of his armour were joined together. The only place about him where this arrow of death could findentrance. No armour is proof against the darts of divine vengeance. Casethe criminal in steel, and it is all one: he that made him, can make hissword approach him. And that which to us seems altogether casual, comesby the determinate counsel of God.
22:37Died - Finding too late the truth of Micaiah's words; and Zedekiah's horns of iron, pushing not the Syrians, but himself,into destruction.
22:39Ivory house - Not that it was made of solid ivory, but because the other materials were covered, or inlaid with ivory.
22:41Of Ahab - Who reigned twenty two years; therefore he reigned about eighteen years with Ahab.
22:43High places - He took them away, but not fully; or not in the beginning of of his reign.
22:44Made peace - With Ahab first, and then with his son. This is noted as a blemish in his government, 2 Chronicles 19:2 , and proved of mostmischievous consequence to his posterity.
22:47A deputy - Sent, and set over them by the kings of Judah, from the time of David, until the days of Jehoram, 2 Chronicles 21:8 .
22:49Would not - He did join with Ahaziah before this time, and before the ships were broken: for the breaking of the ships mentionedhere, is noted to be the effect of his sin, in joining with Ahaziah, 2 Chronicles 20:37 .And Jehoshaphat being warned and chastised by God for this sin,would not be persuaded to repeat it.
22:51Ahaziah, &c. - Ahaziah was made king by his father, and reigned in conjunction with him a year or two before Ahab's death, andas long after it; even as Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat was madeking by his father in his life - time, which possibly was done in compliancewith Ahab's desire upon marriage of his daughter to Jehoshaphat'sson; and it may be Ahab, to induce him to do so, give him an exampleof it, and made his son his partner in the kingdom.
22:52In the way - Which seems added, to shew, how little the example of parents, or ancestors, is to be valued where it is opposed to the willand word of God.
22:53His father, &c. - Most unhappy parents, that thus help to damn their own children's souls!