Compare Translations for 1 Kings 7:43

  • 1 Kings 7:43 (ASV) and the ten bases, and the ten lavers on the bases;

  • 1 Kings 7:43 (BBE) And the ten bases, with the ten washing-vessels on them;

  • 1 Kings 7:43 (CEB) ten stands with ten basins on them;

  • 1 Kings 7:43 (CEBA) ten stands with ten basins on them;

  • 1 Kings 7:43 (CJB) the ten trolleys, the ten basins on the trolleys,

  • 1 Kings 7:43 (CSB) the 10 water carts; the 10 basins on the water carts;

  • 1 Kings 7:43 (DBY) and the ten bases, and the ten lavers on the bases;

  • 1 Kings 7:43 (ESV) the ten stands, and the ten basins on the stands;

  • 1 Kings 7 (GNT) Solomon also built a palace for himself, and it took him thirteen years. The Hall of the Forest of Lebanon was 150 feet long, 75 feet wide, and 45 feet high. It had three rows of cedar pillars, 15 in each row, with cedar beams resting on them. The ceiling was of cedar, extending over storerooms, which were supported by the pillars. On each of the two side walls there were three rows of windows. The doorways and the windows had rectangular frames, and the three rows of windows in each wall faced the opposite rows. The Hall of Columns was 75 feet long and 45 feet wide. It had a covered porch, supported by columns. The Throne Room, also called the Hall of Judgment, where Solomon decided cases, had cedar panels from the floor to the rafters. Solomon's own quarters, in another court behind the Hall of Judgment, were made like the other buildings. He also built the same kind of house for his wife, the daughter of the king of Egypt. All these buildings and the great court were made of fine stones from the foundations to the eaves. The stones were prepared at the quarry and cut to measure, with their inner and outer sides trimmed with saws. The foundations were made of large stones prepared at the quarry, some of them twelve feet long and others fifteen feet long. On top of them were other stones, cut to measure, and cedar beams. The palace court, the inner court of the Temple, and the entrance room of the Temple had walls with one layer of cedar beams for every three layers of cut stones. King Solomon sent for a man named Huram, a craftsman living in the city of Tyre, who was skilled in bronze work. His father, who was no longer living, was from Tyre, and had also been a skilled bronze craftsman; his mother was from the tribe of Naphtali. Huram was an intelligent and experienced craftsman. He accepted King Solomon's invitation to be in charge of all the bronze work. Huram cast two bronze columns, each one 27 feet tall and 18 feet in circumference, and placed them at the entrance of the Temple. He also made two bronze capitals, each one 7 1/2 feet tall, to be placed on top of the columns. The top of each column was decorated with a design of interwoven chains and two rows of bronze pomegranates. The capitals were shaped like lilies, 6 feet tall, and were placed on a rounded section which was above the chain design. There were 200 pomegranates in two rows around each capital. Huram placed these two bronze columns in front of the entrance of the Temple: the one on the south side was named Jachin and the one on the north was named Boaz. The lily-shaped bronze capitals were on top of the columns. And so the work on the columns was completed. Huram made a round tank of bronze, 7 1/2 feet deep, 15 feet in diameter, and 45 feet in circumference. All around the outer edge of the rim of the tank were two rows of bronze gourds, which had been cast all in one piece with the rest of the tank. The tank rested on the backs of twelve bronze bulls that faced outward, three facing in each direction. The sides of the tank were 3 inches thick. Its rim was like the rim of a cup, curving outward like the petals of a lily. The tank held about 10,000 gallons. Huram also made ten bronze carts; each was 6 feet long, 6 feet wide, and 4 1/2 feet high. They were made of square panels which were set in frames, with the figures of lions, bulls, and winged creatures on the panels; and on the frames, above and underneath the lions and bulls, there were spiral figures in relief. Each cart had four bronze wheels with bronze axles. At the four corners were bronze supports for a basin; the supports were decorated with spiral figures in relief. There was a circular frame on top for the basin. It projected upward 18 inches from the top of the cart and 7 inches down into it. It had carvings around it. The wheels were 25 inches high; they were under the panels, and the axles were of one piece with the carts. The wheels were like chariot wheels; their axles, rims, spokes, and hubs were all of bronze. There were four supports at the bottom corners of each cart, which were of one piece with the cart. There was a 9-inch band around the top of each cart; its supports and the panels were of one piece with the cart. The supports and panels were decorated with figures of winged creatures, lions, and palm trees, wherever there was space for them, with spiral figures all around. This, then, is how the carts were made; they were all alike, having the same size and shape. Huram also made ten basins, one for each cart. Each basin was 6 feet in diameter and held 200 gallons. He placed five of the carts on the south side of the Temple, and the other five on the north side; the tank he placed at the southeast corner. Huram also made pots, shovels, and bowls. He completed all his work for King Solomon for the Lord's Temple. This is what he made: The two columns The two bowl-shaped capitals on top of the columns The design of interwoven chains on each capital The 400 bronze pomegranates, in two rows of 100 each around the design on each capital The ten carts The ten basins The tank The twelve bulls supporting the tank The pots, shovels, and bowls All this equipment for the Temple, which Huram made for King Solomon, was of polished bronze. The king had it all made in the foundry between Sukkoth and Zarethan, in the Jordan Valley. Solomon did not have these bronze objects weighed, because there were too many of them, and so their weight was never determined. Solomon also had gold furnishings made for the Temple: the altar, the table for the bread offered to God, the ten lampstands that stood in front of the Most Holy Place, five on the south side and five on the north; the flowers, lamps, and tongs; the cups, lamp snuffers, bowls, dishes for incense, and the pans used for carrying live coals; and the hinges for the doors of the Most Holy Place and of the outer doors of the Temple. All these furnishings were made of gold. When King Solomon finished all the work on the Temple, he placed in the Temple storerooms all the things that his father David had dedicated to the Lord - the silver, gold, and other articles.

  • 1 Kings 7 (GNTA) Solomon also built a palace for himself, and it took him thirteen years. The Hall of the Forest of Lebanon was 150 feet long, 75 feet wide, and 45 feet high. It had three rows of cedar pillars, 15 in each row, with cedar beams resting on them. The ceiling was of cedar, extending over storerooms, which were supported by the pillars. On each of the two side walls there were three rows of windows. The doorways and the windows had rectangular frames, and the three rows of windows in each wall faced the opposite rows. The Hall of Columns was 75 feet long and 45 feet wide. It had a covered porch, supported by columns. The Throne Room, also called the Hall of Judgment, where Solomon decided cases, had cedar panels from the floor to the rafters. Solomon's own quarters, in another court behind the Hall of Judgment, were made like the other buildings. He also built the same kind of house for his wife, the daughter of the king of Egypt. All these buildings and the great court were made of fine stones from the foundations to the eaves. The stones were prepared at the quarry and cut to measure, with their inner and outer sides trimmed with saws. The foundations were made of large stones prepared at the quarry, some of them twelve feet long and others fifteen feet long. On top of them were other stones, cut to measure, and cedar beams. The palace court, the inner court of the Temple, and the entrance room of the Temple had walls with one layer of cedar beams for every three layers of cut stones. King Solomon sent for a man named Huram, a craftsman living in the city of Tyre, who was skilled in bronze work. His father, who was no longer living, was from Tyre, and had also been a skilled bronze craftsman; his mother was from the tribe of Naphtali. Huram was an intelligent and experienced craftsman. He accepted King Solomon's invitation to be in charge of all the bronze work. Huram cast two bronze columns, each one 27 feet tall and 18 feet in circumference, and placed them at the entrance of the Temple. He also made two bronze capitals, each one 7 1/2 feet tall, to be placed on top of the columns. The top of each column was decorated with a design of interwoven chains and two rows of bronze pomegranates. The capitals were shaped like lilies, 6 feet tall, and were placed on a rounded section which was above the chain design. There were 200 pomegranates in two rows around each capital. Huram placed these two bronze columns in front of the entrance of the Temple: the one on the south side was named Jachin and the one on the north was named Boaz. The lily-shaped bronze capitals were on top of the columns. And so the work on the columns was completed. Huram made a round tank of bronze, 7 1/2 feet deep, 15 feet in diameter, and 45 feet in circumference. All around the outer edge of the rim of the tank were two rows of bronze gourds, which had been cast all in one piece with the rest of the tank. The tank rested on the backs of twelve bronze bulls that faced outward, three facing in each direction. The sides of the tank were 3 inches thick. Its rim was like the rim of a cup, curving outward like the petals of a lily. The tank held about 10,000 gallons. Huram also made ten bronze carts; each was 6 feet long, 6 feet wide, and 4 1/2 feet high. They were made of square panels which were set in frames, with the figures of lions, bulls, and winged creatures on the panels; and on the frames, above and underneath the lions and bulls, there were spiral figures in relief. Each cart had four bronze wheels with bronze axles. At the four corners were bronze supports for a basin; the supports were decorated with spiral figures in relief. There was a circular frame on top for the basin. It projected upward 18 inches from the top of the cart and 7 inches down into it. It had carvings around it. The wheels were 25 inches high; they were under the panels, and the axles were of one piece with the carts. The wheels were like chariot wheels; their axles, rims, spokes, and hubs were all of bronze. There were four supports at the bottom corners of each cart, which were of one piece with the cart. There was a 9-inch band around the top of each cart; its supports and the panels were of one piece with the cart. The supports and panels were decorated with figures of winged creatures, lions, and palm trees, wherever there was space for them, with spiral figures all around. This, then, is how the carts were made; they were all alike, having the same size and shape. Huram also made ten basins, one for each cart. Each basin was 6 feet in diameter and held 200 gallons. He placed five of the carts on the south side of the Temple, and the other five on the north side; the tank he placed at the southeast corner. Huram also made pots, shovels, and bowls. He completed all his work for King Solomon for the Lord's Temple. This is what he made: The two columns The two bowl-shaped capitals on top of the columns The design of interwoven chains on each capital The 400 bronze pomegranates, in two rows of 100 each around the design on each capital The ten carts The ten basins The tank The twelve bulls supporting the tank The pots, shovels, and bowls All this equipment for the Temple, which Huram made for King Solomon, was of polished bronze. The king had it all made in the foundry between Sukkoth and Zarethan, in the Jordan Valley. Solomon did not have these bronze objects weighed, because there were too many of them, and so their weight was never determined. Solomon also had gold furnishings made for the Temple: the altar, the table for the bread offered to God, the ten lampstands that stood in front of the Most Holy Place, five on the south side and five on the north; the flowers, lamps, and tongs; the cups, lamp snuffers, bowls, dishes for incense, and the pans used for carrying live coals; and the hinges for the doors of the Most Holy Place and of the outer doors of the Temple. All these furnishings were made of gold. When King Solomon finished all the work on the Temple, he placed in the Temple storerooms all the things that his father David had dedicated to the Lord - the silver, gold, and other articles.

  • 1 Kings 7:43 (GW) 10 stands and 10 basins on the stands,

  • 1 Kings 7:43 (HNV) and the ten bases, and the ten basins on the bases;

  • 1 Kings 7:43 (JUB) and the ten bases and ten lavers upon the bases,

  • 1 Kings 7:43 (KJV) And the ten bases, and ten lavers on the bases;

  • 1 Kings 7:43 (KJVA) And the ten bases, and ten lavers on the bases;

  • 1 Kings 7:43 (LEB) and the ten stands and the ten basins on the stands;

  • 1 Kings 7:43 (MSG) ten washstands each with its washbasin; one Sea;

  • 1 Kings 7:43 (NAS) and the ten stands with the ten basins on the stands;

  • 1 Kings 7:43 (NCV) ten stands with a bowl on each stand;

  • 1 Kings 7:43 (NIRV) He made the ten stands with their ten bowls.

  • 1 Kings 7:43 (NIV) the ten stands with their ten basins;

  • 1 Kings 7:43 (NKJV) the ten carts, and ten lavers on the carts;

  • 1 Kings 7:43 (NLT) the ten water carts holding the ten basins,

  • 1 Kings 7:43 (NRS) the ten stands, the ten basins on the stands;

  • 1 Kings 7:43 (NRSA) the ten stands, the ten basins on the stands;

  • 1 Kings 7:43 (RHE) And the ten bases, and the ten lavers on the bases.

  • 1 Kings 7:43 (RSV) the ten stands, and the ten lavers upon the stands;

  • 1 Kings 7:43 (RSVA) the ten stands, and the ten lavers upon the stands;

  • 1 Kings 7:43 (TMB) and the ten bases, and ten lavers on the bases;

  • 1 Kings 7:43 (TMBA) and the ten bases, and ten lavers on the bases;

  • 1 Kings 7:43 (TNIV) the ten stands with their ten basins;

  • 1 Kings 7:43 (WBT) And the ten bases, and ten lavers on the bases;

  • 1 Kings 7:43 (WEB) and the ten bases, and the ten basins on the bases;

  • 1 Kings 7:43 (WYC) And he made [the] ten foundaments, and [the] ten washing vessels on the foundaments;

  • 1 Kings 7:43 (YLT) and the ten bases, and the ten lavers on the bases;

Commentaries For 1 Kings 7

  • Chapter 7

    Solomon's buildings. (1-12) Furniture of the temple. (13-47) Vessels of gold. (48-51)

    Verses 1-12 All Solomon's buildings, though beautiful, were intended for use. Solomon began with the temple; he built for God first, and then his other buildings. The surest foundations of lasting prosperity are laid in early piety. He was thirteen years building his house, yet he built the temple in little more than seven years; not that he was more exact, but less eager in building his own house, than in building God's. We ought to prefer God's honour before our own ease and satisfaction.

    Verses 13-47 The two brazen pillars in the porch of the temple, some think, were to teach those that came to worship, to depend upon God only, for strength and establishment in all their religious exercises. "Jachin," God will fix this roving mind. It is good that the heart be established with grace. "Boaz," In him is our strength, who works in us both to will and to do. Spiritual strength and stability are found at the door of God's temple, where we must wait for the gifts of grace, in use of the means of grace. Spiritual priests and spiritual sacrifices must be washed in the laver of Christ's blood, and of regeneration. We must wash often, for we daily contract pollution. There are full means provided for our cleansing; so that if we have our lot for ever among the unclean it will be our own fault. Let us bless God for the fountain opened by the sacrifice of Christ for sin and for uncleanness.

    Verses 48-51 Christ is now the Temple and the Builder; the Altar and the Sacrifice; the Light of our souls, and the Bread of life; able to supply all the wants of all that have applied or shall apply to him. Outward images cannot represent, words cannot express, the heart cannot conceive, his preciousness or his love. Let us come to him, and wash away our sins in his blood; let us seek for the purifying grace of his Spirit; let us maintain communion with the Father through his intercession, and yield up ourselves and all we have to his service. Being strengthened by him, we shall be accepted, useful, and happy.

  • CHAPTER 7

    1 Kings 7:1 . BUILDING OF SOLOMON'S HOUSE.

    1. Solomon was building his own house thirteen years--The time occupied in building his palace was nearly double that spent in the erection of the temple ( 1 Kings 6:38 ), because neither had there been the same previous preparations for it, nor was there the same urgency as in providing a place of worship, on which the national well-being so much depended.

    1 Kings 7:2-7 . OF THE HOUSE OF LEBANON.

    2. He built also the house of the forest of Lebanon--It is scarcely possible to determine whether this was a different edifice from the former, or whether his house, the house of the forest of Lebanon, and the one for Pharaoh's daughter, were not parts of one grand palace. As difficult is it to decide what was the origin of the name; some supposing it was so called because built on Lebanon; others, that it was in or near Jerusalem, but contained such a profuse supply of cedar columns as to have occasioned this peculiar designation. We have a similar peculiarity of name in the building called the East India house, though situated in London. The description is conformable to the arrangement of Eastern palaces. The building stood in the middle of a great oblong square, which was surrounded by an enclosing wall, against which the houses and offices of those attached to the court were built. The building itself was oblong, consisting of two square courts, flanking a large oblong hall which formed the center, and was one hundred cubits long, by fifty broad. This was properly the house of the forest of Lebanon, being the part where were the cedar pillars of this hall. In front was the porch of judgment, which was appropriated to the transaction of public business. On the one side of this great hall was the king's house; and on the other the harem or royal apartments for Pharaoh's daughter ( Esther 2:3 Esther 2:9 ). This arrangement of the palace accords with the Oriental style of building, according to which a great mansion always consists of three divisions, or separate houses--all connected by doors and passages--the men dwelling at one extremity, the women of the family at the other, while public rooms occupy the central part of the building.

    10. the foundation was of costly stones, even great stones--Enormous stones, corresponding exactly with the dimensions given, are found in Jerusalem at this day. Not only the walls from the foundation to the roof beams were built of large hewn stones, but the spacious court around the palace was also paved with great square stones.

    12. for the inner court of the house of the Lord--should be, as in the inner court of the house of the Lord; the meaning is, that in this palace, as in the temple, rows of hewed stones and the cedar beams formed the enclosing wall.

    1 Kings 7:13-51 . HIRAM'S WORKS.

    13. Solomon sent and fetched Hiram out of Tyre--The Tyrians and other inhabitants on the Phoenician coast were the most renowned artists and workers in metal in the ancient world.

    14. He was a widow's son of the tribe of Naphtali--In 2 Chronicles 2:14 his mother is said to have been of the daughters of Dan. The apparent discrepancy may be reconciled thus: Hiram's mother, though belonging to the tribe of Dan, had been married to a Naphtalite, so that when married afterwards to a Tyrian, she might be described as a widow of the tribe of Naphtali. Or, if she was a native of the city Dan (Laish), she might be said to be of the daughters of Dan, as born in that place; and of the tribe of Naphtali, as really belonging to it.
    a worker in brass--This refers particularly to the works described in this chapter. But in 2 Chronicles 2:13 his artistic skill is represented as extending to a great variety of departments. In fact, he was appointed, from his great natural talents and acquired skill, to superintend the execution of all the works of art in the temple.

    15-22. two pillars of brass of eighteen cubits high--They were made of the brass (bronze) which was taken from the king of Zobah ( 1 Chronicles 18:8 ). In 2 Chronicles 3:15 they are said to have been thirty-five cubits high. There, however, their joint lengths are given; whereas here the length of the pillars is given separately. Each pillar was seventeen and a half cubits long, which is stated, in round numbers, as eighteen. Their dimensions in American measure are as follows: The pillars without the capitals measured thirty-two and a half feet long, and seven feet diameter; and if hollow, as WHISTON, in his translation of JOSEPHUS, thinks ( Jeremiah 52:21 ), the metal would be about three and a half inches thick; so that the whole casting of one pillar must have been from sixteen to twenty tons. The height of the capitals was eight and three-fourths feet; and, at the same thickness of metal, would not weigh less than seven or eight tons each. The nature of the workmanship in the finishing of these capitals is described ( 1 Kings 7:17-22 ). The pillars, when set up, would stand forty feet in height [NAPIER, Metal].

    17, 18. nets of checker work--that is, branch-work, resembling the branches of palm trees, and
    wreaths of chain-work--that is, plaited in the form of a chain, composing a sort of crown or garland. Seven of these were wound in festoons on one capital, and over and underneath them were fringes, one hundred in a row. Two rows of pomegranates strung on chains ( 2 Chronicles 3:16 ) ran round the capital ( 1 Kings 7:42 ; compare 2 Chronicles 4:12 2 Chronicles 4:13 , Jeremiah 52:23 ), which, itself, was of a bowl-like or globular form ( 1 Kings 7:41 ). These rows were designed to form a binding to the ornamental work--to keep it from falling asunder; and they were so placed as to be above the chain work, and below the place where the branch-work was.

    19. lily work--beautiful ornaments, resembling the stalks, leaves, and blossoms of lilies--of large dimensions, as suited to the height of their position.

    21. Jachin and . . . Boaz--These names were symbolical, and indicated the strength and stability--not so much of the material temple, for they were destroyed along with it ( Jeremiah 52:17 ), as of the spiritual kingdom of God, which was embodied in the temple.

    23-26. he made a molten sea--In the tabernacle was no such vessel; the laver served the double purpose of washing the hands and feet of the priests as well as the parts of the sacrifices. But in the temple there were separate vessels provided for these offices. The molten sea was an immense semicircular vase, measuring seventeen and a half feet in diameter, and being eight and three-fourths feet in depth. This, at three and a half inches in thickness, could not weigh less than from twenty-five to thirty tons in one solid casting--and held from sixteen thousand to twenty thousand gallons of water. lily work or flowers; and oxen were carved or cut on the outside all round, to the number of three hundred; and it stood on a pedestal of twelve oxen. These oxen must have been of considerable size, like the Assyrian bulls, so that their corresponding legs would give thickness or strength to support so great a weight for, when the vessel was filled with water, the whole weight would be about one hundred tons [NAPIER].

    27-39. he made ten bases of brass--These were trucks or four-wheeled carriages, for the support and conveyance of the lavers. The description of their structure shows that they were elegantly fitted up and skilfully adapted to their purpose. They stood, not on the axles, but on four rests attached to the axles, so that the figured sides were considerably raised above the wheels. They were all exactly alike in form and size. The lavers which were borne upon them were vessels capable each of holding three hundred gallons of water, upwards of a ton weight. The whole, when full of water, would be no less than two tons [NAPIER].

    40-45. And Hiram made the lavers, and the shovels, and the basins--These verses contain a general enumeration of Hiram's works, as well as those already mentioned as other minor things. The Tyrian artists are frequently mentioned by ancient authors as skilful artificers in fashioning and embossing metal cups and bowls; and we need not wonder, therefore, to find them employed by Solomon in making the golden and brazen utensils for his temple and palaces.

    46. In the plain of Jordan did the king cast them--Zarthan, or Zaretan ( Joshua 3:16 ), or Zartanah ( 1 Kings 4:12 ), or Zeredathah ( 2 Chronicles 4:17 ), was on the bank of the Jordan in the territories of western Manasseh. Succoth was situated on the eastern side of Jordan, at the ford of the river near the mouth of the Jabbok. One reason assigned by commentators for the castings being made there is, that at such a distance from Jerusalem that city would not be annoyed by the smoke and noxious vapors necessarily occasioned by the process. [Note in Bagster's Bible.] But the true reason is to be found in the nature of the soil; Margin, "the thickness of the ground." That part of the Jordan valley abounds with marl. Clay and sand are the moulding material still used for bronze. Such large quantities of metal as one of these castings would contain could not be fused in one furnace, but would require a series of furnaces, especially for such a casting as the brazen sea--the whole series of furnaces being filled with metal, and fused at one time, and all tapped together, and the metal let run into the mould. Thus a national foundry was erected in the plain of Jordan [NAPIER].

    48. the altar of gold--that is, the altar of incense.

    49. candlesticks of pure gold--made, probably, according to the model of that in the tabernacle, which, along with the other articles of furniture, were deposited with due honor, as sacred relics, in the temple. But these seem not to have been used in the temple service; for Solomon made new lavers tables, and candlesticks, ten of each. (See further regarding the dimensions and furniture of the temple, in 2 Chronicles 3:1-5:14').