1 Kings 7

Listen to 1 Kings 7

Solomon Builds His Palace

1 Solomon was 1building his own house thirteen years, and he finished his entire house.
2 He built 2the House of the Forest of Lebanon. Its length was a hundred cubits[a] and its breadth fifty cubits and its height thirty cubits, and it was built on four[b] rows of cedar pillars, with cedar beams on the pillars.
3 And it was covered with cedar above the chambers that were on the forty-five pillars, fifteen in each row.
4 There were window frames in three rows, and window opposite window in three tiers.
5 All the doorways and windows[c] had square frames, and window was opposite window in three tiers.
6 And he made 3the Hall of Pillars; its length was fifty cubits, and its breadth thirty cubits. There was a porch in front with pillars, and 4a canopy in front of them.
7 And he made the Hall of the Throne where he was to pronounce judgment, even the Hall of Judgment. 5It was finished with cedar from floor to rafters.[d]
8 His own house where he was to dwell, in the other court back of the hall, was of like workmanship. Solomon also made a house like this hall for Pharaoh's daughter 6whom he had taken in marriage.
9 All these were made of costly stones, cut according to measure, sawed with saws, back and front, even from the foundation to the coping, and from the outside to the great court.
10 The foundation was of costly stones, huge stones, stones of eight and ten cubits.
11 And above were costly stones, cut according to measurement, and cedar.
12 7The great court had three courses of cut stone all around, and a course of cedar beams; so had the inner court of the house of the LORD and 8the vestibule of the house.

The Temple Furnishings

13 And King Solomon sent and brought 9Hiram from Tyre.
14 He was the son of a widow of the tribe of Naphtali, and his father was a man of Tyre, a worker in bronze. And 10he was full of wisdom, understanding, and skill for making any work in bronze. He came to King Solomon and did all his work.
15 11He cast 12two pillars of bronze. 13Eighteen cubits was the height of one pillar, and a line of twelve cubits measured its circumference. It was hollow, and its thickness was four fingers. The second pillar was the same.[e]
16 He also made two capitals of cast bronze to set on the tops of the pillars. The height of the one capital was five cubits, and 14the height of the other capital was five cubits.
17 There were lattices of checker work with wreaths of chain work for the capitals on the tops of the pillars, a lattice[f] for the one capital and a lattice for the other capital.
18 Likewise he made pomegranates[g] in two rows around the one latticework to cover the capital that was on the top of the pillar, and he did the same with the other capital.
19 Now the capitals that were on the tops of the pillars in the vestibule were of lily-work, four cubits.
20 The capitals were on the two pillars and also above the rounded projection which was beside the latticework. There were 15two hundred pomegranates in two rows all around, and so with the other capital.
21 16He set up the pillars at the vestibule of the temple. He set up the pillar on the south and called its name Jachin, and he set up the pillar on the north and called its name Boaz.
22 And on the tops of the pillars was lily-work. Thus the work of the pillars was finished.
23 17Then he made 18the sea of cast metal. It was round, ten cubits from brim to brim, and five cubits high, and a line of thirty cubits measured its circumference.
24 Under its brim were 19gourds, for ten cubits, compassing the sea all around. The gourds were in two rows, cast with it when it was cast.
25 It stood on 20twelve oxen, three facing north, three facing west, three facing south, and three facing east. The sea was set on them, and all their rear parts were inward.
26 Its thickness was a handbreadth,[h] and its brim was made like the brim of a cup, like the flower of a lily. It held two thousand baths.[i]
27 He also made the 21ten stands of bronze. Each stand was four cubits long, four cubits wide, and three cubits high.
28 This was the construction of the stands: they had panels, and the panels were set in the frames,
29 and on the panels that were set in the frames were lions, oxen, and cherubim. On the frames, both above and below the lions and oxen, there were wreaths of beveled work.
30 Moreover, each stand had four bronze wheels and axles of bronze, and at the four corners were supports for a basin. The supports were cast with wreaths at the side of each.
31 Its opening was within a crown that projected upward one cubit. Its opening was round, as a pedestal is made, a cubit and a half deep. At its opening there were carvings, and its panels were square, not round.
32 And the four wheels were underneath the panels. The axles of the wheels were of one piece with the stands, and the height of a wheel was a cubit and a half.
33 The wheels were made like a chariot wheel; their axles, their rims, their spokes, and their hubs were all cast.
34 There were four supports at the four corners of each stand. The supports were of one piece with the stands.
35 And on the top of the stand there was a round band half a cubit high; and on the top of the stand its stays and its panels were of one piece with it.
36 And on the surfaces of its stays and on its panels, he carved cherubim, lions, and palm trees, according to the space of each, with wreaths all around.
37 After this manner he made 22the ten stands. All of them were cast alike, of the same measure and the same form.
38 And he made 23ten basins of bronze. Each basin held forty baths, each basin measured four cubits, and there was a basin for each of the ten stands.
39 And he set the stands, five on the south side of the house, and five on the north side of the house. And he set the sea at the southeast corner of the house.
40 24Hiram also made 25the pots, the shovels, and the basins. So Hiram finished all the work that he did for King Solomon on the house of the LORD:
41 the two pillars, the two bowls of the capitals that were on the tops of the pillars, and the two 26latticeworks to cover the two bowls of the capitals that were on the tops of the pillars;
42 and the 27four hundred pomegranates for the two latticeworks, two rows of pomegranates for each latticework, to cover the two bowls of the capitals that were on the pillars;
43 the ten stands, and the ten basins on the stands;
44 and 28the one sea, and the twelve oxen underneath the sea.
45 Now 29the pots, the shovels, and the basins, all these vessels in the house of the LORD, which Hiram made for King Solomon, were of burnished bronze.
46 In the plain of the Jordan the king cast them, in the clay ground between 30Succoth and 31Zarethan.
47 And Solomon left all the vessels unweighed, because there were so many of them; 32the weight of the bronze was not ascertained.
48 So Solomon made all the vessels that were in the house of the LORD: 33the golden altar, 34the golden table for 35the bread of the Presence,
49 36the lampstands of pure gold, five on the south side and five on the north, before the inner sanctuary; 37the flowers, the lamps, and the tongs, of gold;
50 the cups, snuffers, basins, dishes for incense, and 38fire pans, of pure gold; and the sockets of gold, for the doors of the innermost part of the house, 39the Most Holy Place, and for the doors of the nave of the temple.
51 Thus all the work that King Solomon did on the house of the LORD was finished. And Solomon brought in 40the things that David his father had dedicated, the silver, the gold, and the vessels, and stored them in the treasuries of the house of the LORD.

1 Kings 7 Commentary

Chapter 7

Solomon's buildings. (1-12) Furniture of the temple. (13-47) Vessels of gold. (48-51)

Verses 1-12 All Solomon's buildings, though beautiful, were intended for use. Solomon began with the temple; he built for God first, and then his other buildings. The surest foundations of lasting prosperity are laid in early piety. He was thirteen years building his house, yet he built the temple in little more than seven years; not that he was more exact, but less eager in building his own house, than in building God's. We ought to prefer God's honour before our own ease and satisfaction.

Verses 13-47 The two brazen pillars in the porch of the temple, some think, were to teach those that came to worship, to depend upon God only, for strength and establishment in all their religious exercises. "Jachin," God will fix this roving mind. It is good that the heart be established with grace. "Boaz," In him is our strength, who works in us both to will and to do. Spiritual strength and stability are found at the door of God's temple, where we must wait for the gifts of grace, in use of the means of grace. Spiritual priests and spiritual sacrifices must be washed in the laver of Christ's blood, and of regeneration. We must wash often, for we daily contract pollution. There are full means provided for our cleansing; so that if we have our lot for ever among the unclean it will be our own fault. Let us bless God for the fountain opened by the sacrifice of Christ for sin and for uncleanness.

Verses 48-51 Christ is now the Temple and the Builder; the Altar and the Sacrifice; the Light of our souls, and the Bread of life; able to supply all the wants of all that have applied or shall apply to him. Outward images cannot represent, words cannot express, the heart cannot conceive, his preciousness or his love. Let us come to him, and wash away our sins in his blood; let us seek for the purifying grace of his Spirit; let us maintain communion with the Father through his intercession, and yield up ourselves and all we have to his service. Being strengthened by him, we shall be accepted, useful, and happy.

Cross References 40

  • 1. 1 Kings 3:1; 1 Kings 9:10; 2 Chronicles 8:1
  • 2. 1 Kings 10:17, 21
  • 3. [ver. 12]
  • 4. Ezekiel 41:25, 26
  • 5. 1 Kings 6:15, 16
  • 6. 1 Kings 3:1; 2 Chronicles 8:11
  • 7. 1 Kings 6:36
  • 8. [ver. 6]
  • 9. [2 Chronicles 2:14]
  • 10. [Exodus 31:3-5; Exodus 35:31]
  • 11. For ver. 15-21, see 2 Chronicles 3:15-17
  • 12. 2 Kings 25:17; 1 Chronicles 18:8; 2 Chronicles 4:12; Jeremiah 52:21-23
  • 13. ver. 41
  • 14. [See ver. 15 above]
  • 15. [ver. 42; 2 Chronicles 3:16; 2 Chronicles 4:13; Jeremiah 52:23]
  • 16. 2 Chronicles 3:17
  • 17. For ver. 23-26, see 2 Chronicles 4:2-5
  • 18. 2 Kings 16:17; 2 Kings 25:13; 1 Chronicles 18:8; Jeremiah 52:17; [Exodus 30:18]
  • 19. [1 Kings 6:18]
  • 20. Jeremiah 52:20
  • 21. 2 Kings 25:13; 2 Chronicles 4:14; Jeremiah 52:17
  • 22. [See ver. 27 above]
  • 23. 2 Chronicles 4:6; [Exodus 30:18]
  • 24. For ver. 40-51, see 2 Chronicles 4:11 - 5:1
  • 25. Exodus 27:3; Exodus 38:3
  • 26. ver. 17, 18
  • 27. [ver. 20]
  • 28. ver. 23, 25
  • 29. Exodus 27:3; Exodus 38:3
  • 30. Joshua 13:27
  • 31. Joshua 3:16
  • 32. [1 Chronicles 22:3, 14]
  • 33. See Exodus 37:25-29
  • 34. [2 Chronicles 4:8]; See Exodus 37:10-16
  • 35. Exodus 25:30; See Leviticus 24:5-8
  • 36. 2 Chronicles 4:7
  • 37. See Exodus 25:31-38
  • 38. Exodus 27:3
  • 39. See 1 Kings 6:16
  • 40. 2 Samuel 8:11

Footnotes 9

  • [a]. A cubit was about 18 inches or 45 centimeters
  • [b]. Septuagint three
  • [c]. Septuagint; Hebrew posts
  • [d]. Syriac, Vulgate; Hebrew floor
  • [e]. Targum, Syriac (compare Septuagint and Jeremiah 52:21); Hebrew fingers. And a line of twelve cubits measured the circumference of the second pillar
  • [f]. Septuagint; Hebrew seven; twice in this verse
  • [g]. Two manuscripts (compare Septuagint); Hebrew pillars
  • [h]. A handbreadth was about 3 inches or 7.5 centimeters
  • [i]. A bath was about 6 gallons or 22 liters

Chapter Summary


This chapter gives an account of some buildings of Solomon for himself, 1Ki 7:1-12; and of other things for the use of the temple; of two pillars of brass, 1Ki 7:13-22; of the molten sea, 1Ki 7:23-26; and of ten bases, and ten layers on them, 1Ki 7:27-39; with other utensils and ornaments, 1Ki 7:40-51.

1 Kings 7 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.