1 Kings 7

Solomon Builds His Palace

1 It took Solomon thirteen years, however, to complete the construction of his palace.
2 He built the Palace of the Forest of Lebanon a hundred cubits long, fifty wide and thirty high,[a] with four rows of cedar columns supporting trimmed cedar beams.
3 It was roofed with cedar above the beams that rested on the columns—forty-five beams, fifteen to a row.
4 Its windows were placed high in sets of three, facing each other.
5 All the doorways had rectangular frames; they were in the front part in sets of three, facing each other.[b]
6 He made a colonnade fifty cubits long and thirty wide.[c] In front of it was a portico, and in front of that were pillars and an overhanging roof.
7 He built the throne hall, the Hall of Justice, where he was to judge, and he covered it with cedar from floor to ceiling.[d]
8 And the palace in which he was to live, set farther back, was similar in design. Solomon also made a palace like this hall for Pharaoh’s daughter, whom he had married.
9 All these structures, from the outside to the great courtyard and from foundation to eaves, were made of blocks of high-grade stone cut to size and smoothed on their inner and outer faces.
10 The foundations were laid with large stones of good quality, some measuring ten cubits[e] and some eight.[f]
11 Above were high-grade stones, cut to size, and cedar beams.
12 The great courtyard was surrounded by a wall of three courses of dressed stone and one course of trimmed cedar beams, as was the inner courtyard of the temple of the LORD with its portico.

The Temple’s Furnishings

13 King Solomon sent to Tyre and brought Huram,[g]
14 whose mother was a widow from the tribe of Naphtali and whose father was from Tyre and a skilled craftsman in bronze. Huram was filled with wisdom, with understanding and with knowledge to do all kinds of bronze work. He came to King Solomon and did all the work assigned to him.
15 He cast two bronze pillars, each eighteen cubits high and twelve cubits in circumference.[h]
16 He also made two capitals of cast bronze to set on the tops of the pillars; each capital was five cubits[i] high.
17 A network of interwoven chains adorned the capitals on top of the pillars, seven for each capital.
18 He made pomegranates in two rows[j] encircling each network to decorate the capitals on top of the pillars.[k] He did the same for each capital.
19 The capitals on top of the pillars in the portico were in the shape of lilies, four cubits[l] high.
20 On the capitals of both pillars, above the bowl-shaped part next to the network, were the two hundred pomegranates in rows all around.
21 He erected the pillars at the portico of the temple. The pillar to the south he named Jakin[m] and the one to the north Boaz.[n]
22 The capitals on top were in the shape of lilies. And so the work on the pillars was completed.
23 He made the Sea of cast metal, circular in shape, measuring ten cubits from rim to rim and five cubits high. It took a line of thirty cubits[o] to measure around it.
24 Below the rim, gourds encircled it—ten to a cubit. The gourds were cast in two rows in one piece with the Sea.
25 The Sea stood on twelve bulls, three facing north, three facing west, three facing south and three facing east. The Sea rested on top of them, and their hindquarters were toward the center.
26 It was a handbreadth[p] in thickness, and its rim was like the rim of a cup, like a lily blossom. It held two thousand baths.[q]
27 He also made ten movable stands of bronze; each was four cubits long, four wide and three high.[r]
28 This is how the stands were made: They had side panels attached to uprights.
29 On the panels between the uprights were lions, bulls and cherubim—and on the uprights as well. Above and below the lions and bulls were wreaths of hammered work.
30 Each stand had four bronze wheels with bronze axles, and each had a basin resting on four supports, cast with wreaths on each side.
31 On the inside of the stand there was an opening that had a circular frame one cubit[s] deep. This opening was round, and with its basework it measured a cubit and a half.[t] Around its opening there was engraving. The panels of the stands were square, not round.
32 The four wheels were under the panels, and the axles of the wheels were attached to the stand. The diameter of each wheel was a cubit and a half.
33 The wheels were made like chariot wheels; the axles, rims, spokes and hubs were all of cast metal.
34 Each stand had four handles, one on each corner, projecting from the stand.
35 At the top of the stand there was a circular band half a cubit[u] deep. The supports and panels were attached to the top of the stand.
36 He engraved cherubim, lions and palm trees on the surfaces of the supports and on the panels, in every available space, with wreaths all around.
37 This is the way he made the ten stands. They were all cast in the same molds and were identical in size and shape.
38 He then made ten bronze basins, each holding forty baths[v] and measuring four cubits across, one basin to go on each of the ten stands.
39 He placed five of the stands on the south side of the temple and five on the north. He placed the Sea on the south side, at the southeast corner of the temple.
40 He also made the pots[w] and shovels and sprinkling bowls. So Huram finished all the work he had undertaken for King Solomon in the temple of the LORD:
41 the two pillars; the two bowl-shaped capitals on top of the pillars; the two sets of network decorating the two bowl-shaped capitals on top of the pillars;
42 the four hundred pomegranates for the two sets of network (two rows of pomegranates for each network decorating the bowl-shaped capitals on top of the pillars);
43 the ten stands with their ten basins;
44 the Sea and the twelve bulls under it;
45 the pots, shovels and sprinkling bowls. All these objects that Huram made for King Solomon for the temple of the LORD were of burnished bronze.
46 The king had them cast in clay molds in the plain of the Jordan between Sukkoth and Zarethan.
47 Solomon left all these things unweighed, because there were so many; the weight of the bronze was not determined.
48 Solomon also made all the furnishings that were in the LORD’s temple: the golden altar; the golden table on which was the bread of the Presence;
49 the lampstands of pure gold (five on the right and five on the left, in front of the inner sanctuary); the gold floral work and lamps and tongs;
50 the pure gold basins, wick trimmers, sprinkling bowls, dishes and censers; and the gold sockets for the doors of the innermost room, the Most Holy Place, and also for the doors of the main hall of the temple.
51 When all the work King Solomon had done for the temple of the LORD was finished, he brought in the things his father David had dedicated—the silver and gold and the furnishings—and he placed them in the treasuries of the LORD’s temple.

1 Kings 7 Commentary

Chapter 7

Solomon's buildings. (1-12) Furniture of the temple. (13-47) Vessels of gold. (48-51)

Verses 1-12 All Solomon's buildings, though beautiful, were intended for use. Solomon began with the temple; he built for God first, and then his other buildings. The surest foundations of lasting prosperity are laid in early piety. He was thirteen years building his house, yet he built the temple in little more than seven years; not that he was more exact, but less eager in building his own house, than in building God's. We ought to prefer God's honour before our own ease and satisfaction.

Verses 13-47 The two brazen pillars in the porch of the temple, some think, were to teach those that came to worship, to depend upon God only, for strength and establishment in all their religious exercises. "Jachin," God will fix this roving mind. It is good that the heart be established with grace. "Boaz," In him is our strength, who works in us both to will and to do. Spiritual strength and stability are found at the door of God's temple, where we must wait for the gifts of grace, in use of the means of grace. Spiritual priests and spiritual sacrifices must be washed in the laver of Christ's blood, and of regeneration. We must wash often, for we daily contract pollution. There are full means provided for our cleansing; so that if we have our lot for ever among the unclean it will be our own fault. Let us bless God for the fountain opened by the sacrifice of Christ for sin and for uncleanness.

Verses 48-51 Christ is now the Temple and the Builder; the Altar and the Sacrifice; the Light of our souls, and the Bread of life; able to supply all the wants of all that have applied or shall apply to him. Outward images cannot represent, words cannot express, the heart cannot conceive, his preciousness or his love. Let us come to him, and wash away our sins in his blood; let us seek for the purifying grace of his Spirit; let us maintain communion with the Father through his intercession, and yield up ourselves and all we have to his service. Being strengthened by him, we shall be accepted, useful, and happy.

Cross References 39

  • 1. S 2 Samuel 7:2; 1 Kings 9:10; 2 Chronicles 8:1
  • 2. S 2 Samuel 7:2
  • 3. 1 Kings 10:17; 2 Chronicles 9:16; Isaiah 22:8; Isaiah 37:24; Jeremiah 22:6,23
  • 4. 1 Samuel 7:15; Psalms 122:5; Proverbs 20:8
  • 5. 1 Kings 6:15
  • 6. S 1 Kings 3:1; 2 Chronicles 8:11
  • 7. S 1 Kings 6:36
  • 8. ver 45; 2 Chronicles 2:13; 2 Chronicles 4:16
  • 9. Exodus 31:2-5; S Exodus 35:31; Exodus 36:1; 2 Chronicles 2:14
  • 10. 2 Chronicles 4:11,16
  • 11. 2 Kings 11:14; 2 Kings 23:3; 2 Kings 25:17; 2 Chronicles 3:15; 2 Chronicles 4:12; 2 Chronicles 23:13; 2 Chronicles 34:31; Jeremiah 27:19; Jeremiah 52:17,21; Ezekiel 40:49
  • 12. ver 20,42; 2 Kings 25:17; Jeremiah 52:22
  • 13. ver 18; 2 Chronicles 3:16; 2 Chronicles 4:13; Jeremiah 52:23
  • 14. 1 Kings 6:3; 2 Chronicles 3:17
  • 15. 2 Kings 25:17
  • 16. ver 47; 2 Kings 25:13; 1 Chronicles 18:8; 2 Chronicles 4:18; Jeremiah 52:17; Revelation 4:6
  • 17. Jeremiah 31:39; Zechariah 2:1
  • 18. 2 Chronicles 4:4-5; Jeremiah 52:20
  • 19. ver 38; 2 Kings 16:17; 2 Chronicles 4:14
  • 20. 2 Kings 16:17
  • 21. S Exodus 30:18; 2 Chronicles 4:6
  • 22. S Exodus 27:3; Jeremiah 52:18
  • 23. S ver 16; ver 20
  • 24. S Exodus 27:3; Jeremiah 52:18
  • 25. S ver 13
  • 26. S Genesis 13:10; 2 Chronicles 4:17
  • 27. S Genesis 33:17; Joshua 13:27
  • 28. Joshua 3:16
  • 29. 1 Chronicles 22:3; Jeremiah 52:20
  • 30. Exodus 36:5-7
  • 31. S ver 23
  • 32. Exodus 39:32-43
  • 33. S Exodus 25:23; Exodus 37:10
  • 34. S Exodus 25:30
  • 35. S Exodus 25:31-38
  • 36. S Numbers 7:14
  • 37. 2 Kings 25:13; Jeremiah 52:19
  • 38. S 2 Samuel 8:11
  • 39. 2 Kings 12:13; 2 Kings 24:13; Jeremiah 27:19

Footnotes 23

  • [a]. That is, about 150 feet long, 75 feet wide and 45 feet high or about 45 meters long, 23 meters wide and 14 meters high
  • [b]. The meaning of the Hebrew for this verse is uncertain.
  • [c]. That is, about 75 feet long and 45 feet wide or about 23 meters long and 14 meters wide
  • [d]. Vulgate and Syriac; Hebrew "floor"
  • [e]. That is, about 15 feet or about 4.5 meters; also in verse 23
  • [f]. That is, about 12 feet or about 3.6 meters
  • [g]. Hebrew "Hiram," a variant of "Huram" ; also in verses 40 and 45
  • [h]. That is, about 27 feet high and 18 feet in circumference or about 8.1 meters high and 5.4 meters in circumference
  • [i]. That is, about 7 1/2 feet or about 2.3 meters; also in verse 23
  • [j]. Two Hebrew manuscripts and Septuagint; most Hebrew manuscripts "made the pillars, and there were two rows"
  • [k]. Many Hebrew manuscripts and Syriac; most Hebrew manuscripts "pomegranates"
  • [l]. That is, about 6 feet or about 1.8 meters; also in verse 38
  • [m]. "Jakin" probably means "he establishes."
  • [n]. "Boaz" probably means "in him is strength."
  • [o]. That is, about 45 feet or about 14 meters
  • [p]. That is, about 3 inches or about 7.5 centimeters
  • [q]. That is, about 12,000 gallons or about 44,000 liters; the Septuagint does not have this sentence.
  • [r]. That is, about 6 feet long and wide and about 4 1/2 feet high or about 1.8 meters long and wide and 1.4 meters high
  • [s]. That is, about 18 inches or about 45 centimeters
  • [t]. That is, about 2 1/4 feet or about 68 centimeters; also in verse 32
  • [u]. That is, about 9 inches or about 23 centimeters
  • [v]. That is, about 240 gallons or about 880 liters
  • [w]. Many Hebrew manuscripts, Septuagint, Syriac and Vulgate (see also verse 45 and 2 Chron. 4:11); many other Hebrew manuscripts "basins"

Chapter Summary


This chapter gives an account of some buildings of Solomon for himself, 1Ki 7:1-12; and of other things for the use of the temple; of two pillars of brass, 1Ki 7:13-22; of the molten sea, 1Ki 7:23-26; and of ten bases, and ten layers on them, 1Ki 7:27-39; with other utensils and ornaments, 1Ki 7:40-51.

1 Kings 7 Commentaries

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