Then David fled from Naioth at Ramah and went to Jonathan and asked, "What have I done? What is my crime? How have I wronged1 your father, that he is trying to take my life?"2
References for 1 Samuel 20:1
"Never!" Jonathan replied. "You are not going to die! Look, my father doesn't do anything, great or small, without confiding in me. Why would he hide this from me? It's not so!"
But David took an oath3 and said, "Your father knows very well that I have found favor in your eyes, and he has said to himself, 'Jonathan must not know this or he will be grieved.' Yet as surely as the LORD lives and as you live, there is only a step between me and death."
References for 1 Samuel 20:3
Jonathan said to David, "Whatever you want me to do, I'll do for you."
So David said, "Look, tomorrow is the New Moon festival,4 and I am supposed to dine with the king; but let me go and hide5 in the field until the evening of the day after tomorrow.
References for 1 Samuel 20:5
If your father misses me at all, tell him, 'David earnestly asked my permission6 to hurry to Bethlehem,7 his hometown, because an annual8 sacrifice is being made there for his whole clan.'
References for 1 Samuel 20:6
If he says, 'Very well,' then your servant is safe. But if he loses his temper,9 you can be sure that he is determined10 to harm me.
References for 1 Samuel 20:7
As for you, show kindness to your servant, for you have brought him into a covenant11 with you before the LORD. If I am guilty, then kill12 me yourself ! Why hand me over to your father?"
References for 1 Samuel 20:8
"Never!" Jonathan said. "If I had the least inkling that my father was determined to harm you, wouldn't I tell you?"
David asked, "Who will tell me if your father answers you harshly?"
"Come," Jonathan said, "let's go out into the field." So they went there together.
Then Jonathan said to David: "By the LORD, the God of Israel, I will surely sound13 out my father by this time the day after tomorrow! If he is favorably disposed toward you, will I not send you word and let you know?
References for 1 Samuel 20:12
But if my father is inclined to harm you, may the LORD deal with me, be it ever so severely,14 if I do not let you know and send you away safely. May the LORD be with15 you as he has been with my father.
References for 1 Samuel 20:13
But show me unfailing kindness16 like that of the LORD as long as I live, so that I may not be killed,
References for 1 Samuel 20:14
and do not ever cut off your kindness from my family17--not even when the LORD has cut off every one of David's enemies from the face of the earth."
References for 1 Samuel 20:15
So Jonathan18 made a covenant19 with the house of David, saying, "May the LORD call David's enemies to account.20"
References for 1 Samuel 20:16
And Jonathan had David reaffirm his oath21 out of love for him, because he loved him as he loved himself.
References for 1 Samuel 20:17
Then Jonathan said to David: "Tomorrow is the New Moon festival. You will be missed, because your seat will be empty.22
References for 1 Samuel 20:18
ver 25; ver 5,25
The day after tomorrow, toward evening, go to the place where you hid23 when this trouble began, and wait by the stone Ezel.
References for 1 Samuel 20:19
I will shoot three arrows24 to the side of it, as though I were shooting at a target.
References for 1 Samuel 20:20
Then I will send a boy and say, 'Go, find the arrows.' If I say to him, 'Look, the arrows are on this side of you; bring them here,' then come, because, as surely as the LORD lives, you are safe; there is no danger.
But if I say to the boy, 'Look, the arrows are beyond25 you,' then you must go, because the LORD has sent you away.
References for 1 Samuel 20:22
And about the matter you and I discussed--remember, the LORD is witness26 between you and me forever."
References for 1 Samuel 20:23
So David hid in the field, and when the New Moon festival27 came, the king sat down to eat.
References for 1 Samuel 20:24
He sat in his customary place by the wall, opposite Jonathan, and Abner sat next to Saul, but David's place was empty.28
References for 1 Samuel 20:25
Saul said nothing that day, for he thought, "Something must have happened to David to make him ceremonially unclean--surely he is unclean.29"
References for 1 Samuel 20:26
But the next day, the second day of the month, David's place was empty again. Then Saul said to his son Jonathan, "Why hasn't the son of Jesse come to the meal, either yesterday or today?"
Jonathan answered, "David earnestly asked me for permission30 to go to Bethlehem.
References for 1 Samuel 20:28
He said, 'Let me go, because our family is observing a sacrifice31 in the town and my brother has ordered me to be there. If I have found favor in your eyes, let me get away to see my brothers.' That is why he has not come to the king's table."
References for 1 Samuel 20:29
Saul's anger flared up at Jonathan and he said to him, "You son of a perverse and rebellious woman! Don't I know that you have sided with the son of Jesse to your own shame and to the shame of the mother who bore you?
As long as the son of Jesse lives on this earth, neither you nor your kingdom32 will be established. Now send and bring him to me, for he must die!"
References for 1 Samuel 20:31
"Why33 should he be put to death? What34 has he done?" Jonathan asked his father.
References for 1 Samuel 20:32
But Saul hurled his spear at him to kill him. Then Jonathan knew that his father intended35 to kill David.
References for 1 Samuel 20:33
Jonathan got up from the table in fierce anger; on that second day of the month he did not eat, because he was grieved at his father's shameful treatment of David.
In the morning Jonathan went out to the field for his meeting with David. He had a small boy with him,
and he said to the boy, "Run and find the arrows I shoot." As the boy ran, he shot an arrow beyond him.
When the boy came to the place where Jonathan's arrow had fallen, Jonathan called out after him, "Isn't the arrow beyond36 you?"
References for 1 Samuel 20:37
Then he shouted, "Hurry! Go quickly! Don't stop!" The boy picked up the arrow and returned to his master.
(The boy knew nothing of all this; only Jonathan and David knew.)
Then Jonathan gave his weapons to the boy and said, "Go, carry them back to town."
After the boy had gone, David got up from the south side [of the stone] and bowed down before Jonathan three times, with his face to the ground.37 Then they kissed each other and wept together--but David wept the most.
References for 1 Samuel 20:41
Jonathan said to David, "Go in peace,38 for we have sworn friendship39 with each other in the name of the LORD,40 saying, 'The LORD is witness41 between you and me, and between your descendants and my descendants forever.42' " Then David left, and Jonathan went back to the town.
References for 1 Samuel 20:42