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Compare Translations for 2 Samuel 8:13

2 Samuel 8:13 ASV
And David gat him a name when he returned from smiting the Syrians in the Valley of Salt, even eighteen thousand men.
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2 Samuel 8:13 BBE
And David got great honour for himself, when he came back, by the destruction of Edom in the valley of Salt, to the number of eighteen thousand men.
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2 Samuel 8:13 CEB
So David made a name for himself. When he returned, he killed eighteen thousand Edomites in the Salt Valley.
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2 Samuel 8:13 CJB
David gained more fame on returning from killing 18,000 men from Aram in the Salt Valley.
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2 Samuel 8:13 RHE
David also made himself a name, when he returned after taking Syria in the valley of the saltpits, killing eighteen thousand:
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2 Samuel 8:13 ESV
And David made a name for himself when he returned from striking down 18,000 Edomites in the Valley of Salt.
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2 Samuel 8:13 GW
David made a name for himself by killing 18,000 Edomites in the Dead Sea region as he returned [to Jerusalem].
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2 Samuel 8:13 GNT
David became even more famous when he returned from killing eighteen thousand Edomites in Salt Valley.
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2 Samuel 8:13 HNV
David got him a name when he returned from smiting the Aram in the Valley of Salt, even eighteen thousand men.
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2 Samuel 8:13 CSB
David made a reputation for himself when he returned from striking down 18,000 Edomites in the Valley of Salt.
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2 Samuel 8:13 KJV
And David gat him a name when he returned from smiting of the Syrians in the valley of salt, being eighteen thousand men.
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2 Samuel 8:13 LEB
So David made a name for himself when he returned from defeating Aram in the Valley of Salt, eighteen thousand.
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2 Samuel 8:13 NAS
So David made a name for himself when he returned from killing 18,000 Arameans in the Valley of Salt.
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2 Samuel 8:13 NCV
David was famous after he returned from defeating eighteen thousand Arameans in the Valley of Salt.
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2 Samuel 8:13 NIRV
David returned after he had struck down 18,000 men of Edom in the Valley of Salt. He became famous for doing it.
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2 Samuel 8:13 NIV
And David became famous after he returned from striking down eighteen thousand Edomites in the Valley of Salt.
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2 Samuel 8:13 NKJV
And David made himself a name when he returned from killing eighteen thousand Syrians in the Valley of Salt.
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2 Samuel 8:13 NLT
So David became very famous. After his return he destroyed eighteen thousand Edomites in the Valley of Salt.
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2 Samuel 8:13 NRS
David won a name for himself. When he returned, he killed eighteen thousand Edomites in the Valley of Salt.
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2 Samuel 8:13 RSV
And David won a name for himself. When he returned, he slew eighteen thousand E'domites in the Valley of Salt.
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2 Samuel 8:13 DBY
And David made him a name when he returned, after he had smitten the Syrians in the valley of salt, eighteen thousand [men].
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2 Samuel 8:13 MSG
David built a victory monument on his return from defeating the Arameans.
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2 Samuel 8:13 WBT
And David made [him] a name when he returned from smiting of the Syrians in the valley of Salt, [being] eighteen thousand [men].
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2 Samuel 8:13 TMB
And David got him a name when he returned from smiting the Syrians in the Valley of Salt, being eighteen thousand men.
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2 Samuel 8:13 TNIV
And David became famous after he returned from striking down eighteen thousand Edomites in the Valley of Salt.
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2 Samuel 8:13 WEB
David got him a name when he returned from smiting the Syrians in the Valley of Salt, even eighteen thousand men.
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2 Samuel 8:13 WYC
Also David made to him a name, when he turned again when Syria was taken, for eighteen thousand men were slain in the valley, where salt was made, and in Helam, to three and twenty thousand. (And so David had made a name for himself, by the time he returned after the Syrians were killed, for eighteen thousand men were slain in the Salt Valley, and twenty-two thousand in Helam.)
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2 Samuel 8:13 YLT
And David maketh a name in his turning back from his smiting Aram in the valley of Salt -- eighteen thousand;
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2 Samuel 8 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 8

David subdues the Philistines, the Moabites, and the Syrians. (1-8) The spoil dedicated. (9-14) David's government and officers. (15-18)

1-8. David subdued the Philistines. They had long been troublesome to Israel. And after the long and frequent struggles the saints have with the powers of darkness, like Israel with the Philistines, the Son of David shall tread them all under foot, and make the saints more than conquerors. He smote the Moabites, and made them tributaries to Israel. Two parts he destroyed, the third part he spared. The line that was to keep alive, though it was but one, is ordered to be a full line. Let the line of mercy be stretched to the utmost. He smote the Syrians. In all these wars David was protected, for this in his psalms he often gives glory to God.

Verses 9-14 All the precious things David was master of, were dedicated things; they were designed for building the temple. ( 2 Samuel. 5:21 ) of gold he dedicated. Thus, in the conquest of a soul by the grace of the Son of David, what stands in opposition to God must be destroyed, every lust must be mortified and crucified, but what may glorify him must be dedicated; thus the property of it is altered. God employs his servants in various ways; some, as David, in spiritual battles; others, as Solomon, in spiritual buildings; and one prepares work for the other, that God may have the glory of all.

Verses 15-18 David neither did wrong, nor denied or delayed right to any. This speaks his close application to business; also his readiness to admit all addresses and appeals made to him. He had no respect of persons in judgment. Herein he was a type of Christ. To Him let us submit, his friendship let us seek, his service let us count our pleasure, diligently attending to the work he assigns to each of us. David made his sons chief rulers; but all believers, Christ's spiritual seed, are better preferred, for they are made kings and priests to our God, Re. 1:6 .

2 Samuel 8 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 8

2 Samuel 8:1 2 Samuel 8:2 . DAVID SUBDUES THE PHILISTINES, AND MAKES THE MOABITES TRIBUTARY.

1. David took Metheg-ammah out of the hand of the Philistines--that is, Gath and her suburban towns ( 1 Chronicles 18:1 ). That town had been "a bridle" by which the Philistines kept the people of Judah in check. David used it now as a barrier to repress that restless enemy.

2. he smote Moab, and measured them with a line--This refers to a well-known practice of Eastern kings, to command their prisoners of war, particularly those who, notorious for the atrocity of their crimes or distinguished by the indomitable spirit of their resistance, had greatly incensed the victors, to lie down on the ground. Then a certain portion of them, which was determined by lot, but most commonly by a measuring-line, were put to death. Our version makes him put two-thirds to death, and spare one-third. The Septuagint and Vulgate make one-half. This war usage was not, perhaps, usually practised by the people of God; but Jewish writers assert that the cause of this particular severity against this people was their having massacred David's parents and family, whom he had, during his exile, committed to the king of Moab.

2 Samuel 8:3-14 . HE SMITES HADADEZER AND THE SYRIANS.

3. Zobah--( 1 Chronicles 18:3 ). This kingdom was bounded on the east by the Euphrates, and it extended westward from that river, perhaps as far north as Aleppo. It was long the chief among the petty kingdoms of Syria, and its king bore the hereditary title of "Hadadezer" or "Hadarezer" ("Hadad," that is, "helped").
as he went to recover his border at the river Euphrates--in accordance with the promises God made to Israel that He would give them all the country as far as the Euphrates ( Genesis 15:18 , Numbers 24:17 ). In the first campaign David signally defeated Hadadezer. Besides a great number of foot prisoners, he took from him an immense amount of booty in chariots and horses. Reserving only a small number of the latter, he hamstrung the rest. The horses were thus mutilated because they were forbidden to the Hebrews, both in war and agriculture. So it was of no use to keep them. Besides, their neighbors placed much dependence on cavalry, but having, for want of a native breed, to procure them by purchase, the greatest damage that could be done to such enemies was to render their horses unserviceable in war. (See also Genesis 46:6 , Joshua 11:6 Joshua 11:9 ). A king of Damascene-Syria came to Hadadezer's succor; but David routed those auxiliary forces also, took possession of their country, put garrisons into their fortified towns, and made them tributary.

9. Toi king of Hamath--Coele-Syria; northwards, it extended to the city Hamath on the Orontes, which was the capital of the country. The Syrian prince, being delivered from the dread of a dangerous neighbor, sent his son with valuable presents to David to congratulate him on his victories, and solicit his alliance and protection.

10. Joram--or Hadoram ( 1 Chronicles 18:10 ).

11. Which also king David did dedicate unto the Lord--Eastern princes have always been accustomed to hoard up vast quantities of gold. This is the first instance of a practice uniformly followed by David of reserving, after defraying expenses and bestowing suitable rewards upon his soldiers, the remainder of the spoil taken in war, to accumulate for the grand project of his life--the erection of a national temple at Jerusalem.

13. David gat him a name when he returned from smiting of the Syrians--Instead of Syrians, the Septuagint version reads "Edomites," which is the true reading, as is evident from 2 Samuel 8:14 . This conquest, made by the army of David, was due to the skilful generalship and gallantry of Abishai and Joab. ( 1 Chronicles 18:12 ; compare Psalms 60:1 , title.) The valley was the ravine of salt (the Ghor), adjoining the Salt Mountain, at the southwestern extremity of the Dead Sea, separating the ancient territories of Judah and Edom [ROBINSON].

2 Samuel 8:15-18 . HIS REIGN.

15. David executed judgment and justice unto all his people--Though involved in foreign wars, he maintained an excellent system of government at home, the most eminent men of the age composing his cabinet of ministers.

16. Joab . . . was over the host--by virtue of a special promise ( 2 Samuel 5:8 ).
recorder--historiographer or daily annalist, an office of great trust and importance in Eastern countries.

17. Zadok . . . and Ahimelech . . . were the priests--On the massacre of the priests at Nob, [ 1 Samuel 22:19 ], Saul conferred the priesthood on Zadok, of the family of Eleazar ( 1 Chronicles 6:50 ), while David acknowledged Ahimelech, of Ithamar's family, who fled to him. The two high priests exercised their office under the respective princes to whom they were attached. But, on David's obtaining the kingdom over all Israel, they both retained their dignity; Ahimelech officiating at Jerusalem, and Zadok at Gibeon ( 1 Chronicles 16:39 ).

18. Cherethites--that is, Philistines ( Zephaniah 2:5 ).
Pelethites--from Pelet ( 1 Chronicles 12:3 ). They were the valiant men who, having accompanied David during his exile among the Philistines, were made his bodyguard.