Ataroth, Dibon, and Jazer
These were places which belonged to the Amorites, and were taken from Sihon, their king: of Ataroth we read nowhere else but in this chapter; of Dibon see ( Isaiah 15:2 ) , Jazer was a city, from whence the land about it had its name; it is the same with Jaazer, ( Numbers 21:32 ) and stood about fifteen miles from Heshbon F11, the capital city of the kingdom of Sihon:
and Nimrah, and Heshbon, and Elealeh, and Shebam, and Nebo, and Beon;
these were all places in the same country; of Heshbon see ( Numbers 21:25 Numbers 21:26 ) ( Isaiah 15:4 ) , Nimrah is the same with Bethnimrah, ( Numbers 32:36 ) and sometimes called Nimrim, famous for its water, ( Isaiah 15:6 ) . Jerom says F12 the name of it in his time was Benamerium, and lay to the north of Zoar; Elealeh, according to the same writer F13 was but a mile from Heshbon, of which see ( Isaiah 15:4 ) . Shebam is the same with Shibmah, ( Numbers 32:36 ) , and seems to be a place famous for vines, ( Isaiah 16:8 ) ( Jeremiah 48:32 ) ; it is thought to be the same with the Seba of Ptolemy F14, and according to Jerom F15, there were scarce five hundred paces between this place and Heshbon; Nebo, the Targums of Onkelos and Jonathan call the grave of Moses, because on a mountain of this name Moses died, and where it is supposed he was buried; but it is certain he was buried not on a mountain, but in a valley, ( Deuteronomy 34:6 ) , this perhaps had its name from the mountain near which it was, and of which see ( Isaiah 15:2 ) . Beon is the same that is called Baalmeon, ( Numbers 32:38 ) and Bethbaalmeon, ( Joshua 13:17 ) , where was very probably a temple of Baal; it was about nine miles from Heshbon F16.