The apostacy of Israel and Samaria from God, ver. 1 - 8.
Their ruin, ver. 9, 10.
The apostacy of Judah and Jerusalem from God, ver. 11 - 21.
Their ruin, ver. 22 - 35.
The joint wickedness of them both, ver. 36 - 44.
And their joint ruin, ver. 45 - 49.
|23:2||Two women - Judah, and Israel, two kingdoms.|
|23:3||Whoredoms - Idolatry.|
|23:4||Aholah - That is, his own tabernacle; for Israel falling off from the house of David, fell off from the tabernacle, or temple of God; so that all the temple they had was of their own making.The elder - Greater for number of tribes, and for power, wealth, and for multitudes of people. Aholibah - That is, my tabernacle in her: the two tribes had the temple of God with them. Mine - By solemn marriage - covenant. Bare sons - Were fruitful and brought forth children to me; they increased in numbers of people; and among these, some there were that were children of God by faith, love, and obedience.|
|23:5||Played the harlot - United in idolatry, with the Assyrians.Mine - When under my government, and protection.|
|23:6||Horsemen - Skillful in riding, and well furnished with choice horses.|
|23:7||With all - Other nations, with whom she had commerce.|
|23:10||Discovered - Stript her naked, and exposed her to shame.Took her sons - Captives. Slew her - The kingdom of Israel, under Hoshea, was by Salmanesar utterly destroyed.They - The Assyrians, had executed God's just displeasure upon her.|
|23:15||Girded - With soldiers belts, which includes the rest of the habit of soldiers. In dyed attire - Both rich, comely, large, and of divers colours. Princes - Of princely aspect and majesty.|
|23:17||Alienated - She grew weary of the Chaldeans.|
|23:18||Discovered - Made it appear to all, far and near.|
|23:19||By - Remembering her idolatries in Egypt, her alliance with it in days past, which she now resolved to act over again.|
|23:20||Paramours - The nations, that were confederate with the Egyptians.|
|23:23||Pekod - Pekod is the province between Tigris, and Lycus; in this was old Nineveh. Shoa - Either Sia in Armenia, or the Sohia, among which were the Adiabeni, and this contained the middle part of the kingdom of Babylon.Koa - This bordered upon Media, the inhabitants were called Kohai, and dwelt about Arbela. And all - All subjects of the Assyrian monarchy.|
|23:24||And wheels - Lest in their march the carriage wheels should break, a store of these were provided. An assembly - A mighty confluence of people. I will set - Give them a power in right of conquest over their rebels, as well as mine, and I will give them a spirit of judgment to discern the greatness of this people's sins. Judge - Condemn, and execute sentence upon thee. According - To their will, power, wrath, and custom, against rebels; for these are their rules of judgment.|
|23:25||I will set my jealousy - As a jealous provoked husband, I will be as much against thee as they are. Thy residue - Either the people, who hid themselves in vaults and cellars, or what the Chaldeans cannot carry away, all this shall be devoured by fire.|
|23:29||Take away - Deprive thee of the comfortable use of all thy labour, which they will exact of thee in captivity.|
|23:32||It - Is large, and contains what will last many years, even 'till the seventy years be expired.|
|23:34||Thou - Shalt stagger with sorrows, that shall intoxicate, and astonish. Suck it out - The dregs shalt thou drink, and multiply thine own sorrows. Break the sheards - To suck out what remains.And pluck - Revenging thyself upon thyself.|
|23:35||Bear thou - The guilt, I will impute it, the punishment, I will not pardon it.|
|23:38||In the same day - When they had newly polluted themselves with idolatry and murder, they thrust into the temple.|
|23:39||My house - Nay, these things have been in my house.|
|23:40||Wash thyself - After the manner of harlots.|
|23:41||Sattest - Prepared to feast them. A stately bed - A magnificent bed, on which women sat to feast, when men leaned on their sides.Incense - Offered to their idols.|
|23:42||A voice - A shout for joy, that there was a treaty of peace between the Jews, and the Chaldeans.|
|23:45||Righteous men - Men that keep the law of their God.|
|23:46||Upon them - Against the Jews, the children of this Aholibah.|
|23:47||The company - The Babylonian army.|
|23:48||Lewdness - Idolatry. And indeed we do not read of any after their return out of this captivity.|
|23:49||They - The Babylonians. The sins - The guilt of worshipping idols; and you shall bear the punishment of idolaters.|