Genesis 42 NIV

Joseph's Brothers Go to Egypt

1 When Jacob learned that there was grain in Egypt,1 he said to his sons, "Why do you just keep looking at each other?"

References for Genesis 42:1

2 He continued, "I have heard that there is grain in Egypt. Go down there and buy some for us,2 so that we may live and not die."3

References for Genesis 42:2

3 Then ten of Joseph's brothers went down to buy grain4 from Egypt.

References for Genesis 42:3

4 But Jacob did not send Benjamin,5 Joseph's brother, with the others, because he was afraid that harm might come to him.6

References for Genesis 42:4

      5 So Israel's sons were among those who went to buy grain,7 for the famine was in the land of Canaan8 also.9

      References for Genesis 42:5

      6 Now Joseph was the governor of the land,10 the one who sold grain to all its people.11 So when Joseph's brothers arrived, they bowed down to him with their faces to the ground.12

      References for Genesis 42:6

      7 As soon as Joseph saw his brothers, he recognized them, but he pretended to be a stranger and spoke harshly to them.13 "Where do you come from?"14 he asked. "From the land of Canaan," they replied, "to buy food."

      References for Genesis 42:7

          8 Although Joseph recognized his brothers, they did not recognize him.15

          References for Genesis 42:8

          9 Then he remembered his dreams16 about them and said to them, "You are spies!17 You have come to see where our land is unprotected."18

          References for Genesis 42:9

              10 "No, my lord,19" they answered. "Your servants have come to buy food.20

              References for Genesis 42:10

                  11 We are all the sons of one man. Your servants21 are honest men,22 not spies.23"

                  References for Genesis 42:11

                      12 "No!" he said to them. "You have come to see where our land is unprotected."24

                      References for Genesis 42:12

                          13 But they replied, "Your servants25 were twelve brothers, the sons of one man, who lives in the land of Canaan.26 The youngest is now with our father, and one is no more."27

                          References for Genesis 42:13

                              14 Joseph said to them, "It is just as I told you: You are spies!28

                              References for Genesis 42:14

                                  15 And this is how you will be tested: As surely as Pharaoh lives,29 you will not leave this place unless your youngest brother comes here.30

                                  References for Genesis 42:15

                                  16 Send one of your number to get your brother;31 the rest of you will be kept in prison,32 so that your words may be tested to see if you are telling the truth.33 If you are not, then as surely as Pharaoh lives, you are spies!34"

                                  References for Genesis 42:16

                                      17 And he put them all in custody35 for three days.

                                      References for Genesis 42:17

                                      18 On the third day, Joseph said to them, "Do this and you will live, for I fear God:36

                                      References for Genesis 42:18

                                      19 If you are honest men,37 let one of your brothers stay here in prison,38 while the rest of you go and take grain back for your starving households.39

                                      References for Genesis 42:19

                                          20 But you must bring your youngest brother to me,40 so that your words may be verified and that you may not die." This they proceeded to do.

                                          References for Genesis 42:20

                                              21 They said to one another, "Surely we are being punished because of our brother.41 We saw how distressed he was when he pleaded with us for his life, but we would not listen; that's why this distress42 has come upon us."

                                              References for Genesis 42:21

                                              22 Reuben replied, "Didn't I tell you not to sin against the boy?43 But you wouldn't listen! Now we must give an accounting44 for his blood."45

                                              References for Genesis 42:22

                                              23 They did not realize46 that Joseph could understand them,47 since he was using an interpreter.

                                              References for Genesis 42:23

                                              24 He turned away from them and began to weep,48 but then turned back and spoke to them again. He had Simeon taken from them and bound before their eyes.49

                                              References for Genesis 42:24

                                              25 Joseph gave orders to fill their bags with grain,50 to put each man's silver back in his sack,51 and to give them provisions52 for their journey.53 After this was done for them,

                                              References for Genesis 42:25

                                              26 they loaded their grain on their donkeys54 and left.

                                              References for Genesis 42:26

                                              27 At the place where they stopped for the night one of them opened his sack to get feed for his donkey,55 and he saw his silver in the mouth of his sack.56

                                              References for Genesis 42:27

                                              28 "My silver has been returned," he said to his brothers. "Here it is in my sack." Their hearts sank57 and they turned to each other trembling58 and said, "What is this that God has done to us?"59

                                              References for Genesis 42:28

                                              29 When they came to their father Jacob in the land of Canaan,60 they told him all that had happened to them.61 They said,

                                              References for Genesis 42:29

                                                  30 "The man who is lord over the land spoke harshly to us62 and treated us as though we were spying on the land.63

                                                  References for Genesis 42:30

                                                      31 But we said to him, 'We are honest men; we are not spies.64

                                                      References for Genesis 42:31

                                                          32 We were twelve brothers, sons of one father. One is no more, and the youngest is now with our father in Canaan.'65

                                                          References for Genesis 42:32

                                                              33 "Then the man who is lord over the land said to us, 'This is how I will know whether you are honest men: Leave one of your brothers here with me, and take food for your starving households and go.66

                                                              References for Genesis 42:33

                                                                • 66 42:33 - S ver 2; ver 19,20
                                                                  34 But bring your youngest brother to me so I will know that you are not spies but honest men.67 Then I will give your brother back to you,68 and you can tradea in the land.69' "

                                                                  References for Genesis 42:34

                                                                    • a 42:34 - Or "move about freely"
                                                                      35 As they were emptying their sacks, there in each man's sack was his pouch of silver!70 When they and their father saw the money pouches, they were frightened.71

                                                                      References for Genesis 42:35

                                                                      36 Their father Jacob said to them, "You have deprived me of my children. Joseph is no more and Simeon is no more,72 and now you want to take Benjamin.73 Everything is against me!74"

                                                                      References for Genesis 42:36

                                                                          37 Then Reuben said to his father, "You may put both of my sons to death if I do not bring him back to you. Entrust him to my care,75 and I will bring him back."76

                                                                          References for Genesis 42:37

                                                                          38 But Jacob said, "My son will not go down there with you; his brother is dead77 and he is the only one left. If harm comes to him78 on the journey you are taking, you will bring my gray head down to the graveb79 in sorrow.80"

                                                                          References for Genesis 42:38

                                                                            • b 42:38 - Hebrew "Sheol"