Genesis 4:1-16 NIV

Cain and Abel

1 Adama made love to his wife Eve, and she became pregnant and gave birth to Cain.b She said, “With the help of the LORD I have brought forthc a man.”

References for Genesis 4:1

    • o 4:1 - Or "The man"
    • p 4:1 - "Cain" sounds like the Hebrew for "brought forth" or "acquired."
    • q 4:1 - Or "have acquired"
      2 Later she gave birth to his brother Abel. Now Abel kept flocks, and Cain worked the soil.

      References for Genesis 4:2

      3 In the course of time Cain brought some of the fruits of the soil as an offering to the LORD.

      References for Genesis 4:3

      4 And Abel also brought an offering—fat portions from some of the firstborn of his flock. The LORD looked with favor on Abel and his offering,

      References for Genesis 4:4

      5 but on Cain and his offering he did not look with favor. So Cain was very angry, and his face was downcast.
      6 Then the LORD said to Cain, “Why are you angry? Why is your face downcast?

      References for Genesis 4:6

      7 If you do what is right, will you not be accepted? But if you do not do what is right, sin is crouching at your door; it desires to have you, but you must rule over it.”

      References for Genesis 4:7

      8 Now Cain said to his brother Abel, “Let’s go out to the field.”d While they were in the field, Cain attacked his brother Abel and killed him.

      References for Genesis 4:8

        • r 4:8 - Samaritan Pentateuch, Septuagint, Vulgate and Syriac; Masoretic Text does not have "“Let’s go out to the field.”"
          9 Then the LORD said to Cain, “Where is your brother Abel?” “I don’t know,” he replied. “Am I my brother’s keeper?”

          References for Genesis 4:9

          10 The LORD said, “What have you done? Listen! Your brother’s blood cries out to me from the ground.
          11 Now you are under a curse and driven from the ground, which opened its mouth to receive your brother’s blood from your hand.

          References for Genesis 4:11

          12 When you work the ground, it will no longer yield its crops for you. You will be a restless wanderer on the earth.”

          References for Genesis 4:12

          13 Cain said to the LORD, “My punishment is more than I can bear.
          14 Today you are driving me from the land, and I will be hidden from your presence; I will be a restless wanderer on the earth, and whoever finds me will kill me.”
          15 But the LORD said to him, “Not soe ; anyone who kills Cain will suffer vengeance seven times over.” Then the LORD put a mark on Cain so that no one who found him would kill him.

          References for Genesis 4:15

            • s 4:15 - Septuagint, Vulgate and Syriac; Hebrew "Very well"
              16 So Cain went out from the LORD’s presence and lived in the land of Nod,f east of Eden.

              References for Genesis 4:16

                • t 4:16 - "Nod" means "wandering" (see verses 12 and 14).