Genesis 4

Cain and Abel

1 Adam[a] made love to his wife Eve, and she became pregnant and gave birth to Cain.[b] She said, “With the help of the LORD I have brought forth[c] a man.”
2 Later she gave birth to his brother Abel. Now Abel kept flocks, and Cain worked the soil.
3 In the course of time Cain brought some of the fruits of the soil as an offering to the LORD.
4 And Abel also brought an offering—fat portions from some of the firstborn of his flock. The LORD looked with favor on Abel and his offering,
5 but on Cain and his offering he did not look with favor. So Cain was very angry, and his face was downcast.
6 Then the LORD said to Cain, “Why are you angry? Why is your face downcast?
7 If you do what is right, will you not be accepted? But if you do not do what is right, sin is crouching at your door; it desires to have you, but you must rule over it.”
8 Now Cain said to his brother Abel, “Let’s go out to the field.”[d] While they were in the field, Cain attacked his brother Abel and killed him.
9 Then the LORD said to Cain, “Where is your brother Abel?” “I don’t know,” he replied. “Am I my brother’s keeper?”
10 The LORD said, “What have you done? Listen! Your brother’s blood cries out to me from the ground.
11 Now you are under a curse and driven from the ground, which opened its mouth to receive your brother’s blood from your hand.
12 When you work the ground, it will no longer yield its crops for you. You will be a restless wanderer on the earth.”
13 Cain said to the LORD, “My punishment is more than I can bear.
14 Today you are driving me from the land, and I will be hidden from your presence; I will be a restless wanderer on the earth, and whoever finds me will kill me.”
15 But the LORD said to him, “Not so[e] ; anyone who kills Cain will suffer vengeance seven times over.” Then the LORD put a mark on Cain so that no one who found him would kill him.
16 So Cain went out from the LORD’s presence and lived in the land of Nod,[f] east of Eden.
17 Cain made love to his wife, and she became pregnant and gave birth to Enoch. Cain was then building a city, and he named it after his son Enoch.
18 To Enoch was born Irad, and Irad was the father of Mehujael, and Mehujael was the father of Methushael, and Methushael was the father of Lamech.
19 Lamech married two women, one named Adah and the other Zillah.
20 Adah gave birth to Jabal; he was the father of those who live in tents and raise livestock.
21 His brother’s name was Jubal; he was the father of all who play stringed instruments and pipes.
22 Zillah also had a son, Tubal-Cain, who forged all kinds of tools out of[g] bronze and iron. Tubal-Cain’s sister was Naamah.
23 Lamech said to his wives, “Adah and Zillah, listen to me; wives of Lamech, hear my words. I have killed a man for wounding me, a young man for injuring me.
24 If Cain is avenged seven times, then Lamech seventy-seven times.”
25 Adam made love to his wife again, and she gave birth to a son and named him Seth,[h] saying, “God has granted me another child in place of Abel, since Cain killed him.”
26 Seth also had a son, and he named him Enosh. At that time people began to call on[i] the name of the LORD.

Images for Genesis 4

Cross References 46

  • 1. ver 17,25
  • 2. S Genesis 2:20
  • 3. Hebrews 11:4; 1 John 3:12; Jude 1:11
  • 4. Matthew 23:35; Luke 11:51; Hebrews 11:4; Hebrews 12:24
  • 5. S Genesis 2:7
  • 6. Leviticus 2:1-2; Isaiah 43:23; Jeremiah 41:5
  • 7. Numbers 18:12
  • 8. Leviticus 3:16; 2 Chronicles 29:35
  • 9. Exodus 13:2,12; Deuteronomy 15:19
  • 10. Hebrews 11:4
  • 11. John 4:4
  • 12. Genesis 44:16; Numbers 32:23; Isaiah 59:12
  • 13. Job 11:15; Job 22:27; Psalms 27:3; Psalms 46:2; S Romans 6:16
  • 14. Matthew 23:35; Luke 11:51; 1 John 3:12; Jude 1:11
  • 15. S Genesis 3:9
  • 16. S John 8:44
  • 17. Genesis 9:5; Genesis 37:20,26; Exodus 21:12; Numbers 35:33; Deuteronomy 21:7,9; 2 Samuel 4:11; Job 16:18; Job 24:2; Job 31:38; Psalms 9:12; Psalms 106:38; Hebrews 12:24; Revelation 6:9-10
  • 18. Deuteronomy 11:28; 2 Kings 2:24
  • 19. Deuteronomy 28:15-24
  • 20. Psalms 37:25; Psalms 59:15; Psalms 109:10
  • 21. ver 14
  • 22. 2 Kings 17:18; Psalms 51:11; Psalms 139:7-12; Jeremiah 7:15; Jeremiah 52:3
  • 23. ver 12; Deuteronomy 28:64-67
  • 24. Genesis 9:6; Exodus 21:12,14; Leviticus 24:17; Nu 35:19,21,27,33; 1 Kings 2:32; 2 Kings 11:16
  • 25. Ezekiel 9:4,6
  • 26. Exodus 21:20
  • 27. ver 24; Leviticus 26:21; Psalms 79:12
  • 28. Jude 1:11
  • 29. S Genesis 2:8
  • 30. S ver 1
  • 31. Psalms 55:9
  • 32. Psalms 49:11
  • 33. Genesis 6:2
  • 34. Genesis 29:28; Deuteronomy 21:15; Ruth 4:11; 1 Samuel 1:2
  • 35. Genesis 31:27; Exodus 15:20; 1 Samuel 16:16; 1 Chronicles 25:3; Psalms 33:2; Psalms 43:4; Isaiah 16:11; Daniel 3:5
  • 36. Job 21:12; Job 30:31; Psalms 150:4
  • 37. Exodus 35:35; 1 Samuel 13:19; 2 Kings 24:14
  • 38. Genesis 9:5-6; Exodus 20:13; Exodus 21:12; Exodus 23:7; Leviticus 19:18; Leviticus 24:17; Deuteronomy 27:24; Deuteronomy 32:35
  • 39. Deuteronomy 32:35; 2 Kings 9:7; Psalms 18:47; Psalms 94:1; Isaiah 35:4; Jeremiah 51:56; Nahum 1:2
  • 40. S ver 15
  • 41. Matthew 18:22
  • 42. ver 1
  • 43. Genesis 5:3; 1 Chronicles 1:1
  • 44. ver 8
  • 45. Genesis 5:6; 1 Chronicles 1:1; Luke 3:38
  • 46. Genesis 12:8; Genesis 13:4; Genesis 21:33; Genesis 22:9; Genesis 26:25; Genesis 33:20; Genesis 35:1; Exodus 17:15; 1 Kings 18:24; Psalms 116:17; Joel 2:32; Zephaniah 3:9; S Acts 2:21; 1 Corinthians 1:2

Footnotes 9

  • [a]. Or "The man"
  • [b]. "Cain" sounds like the Hebrew for "brought forth" or "acquired."
  • [c]. Or "have acquired"
  • [d]. Samaritan Pentateuch, Septuagint, Vulgate and Syriac; Masoretic Text does not have "“Let’s go out to the field.”"
  • [e]. Septuagint, Vulgate and Syriac; Hebrew "Very well"
  • [f]. "Nod" means "wandering" (see verses 12 and 14).
  • [g]. Or "who instructed all who work in"
  • [h]. "Seth" probably means "granted."
  • [i]. Or "to proclaim"

Genesis 4 Commentaries

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