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Oliver Bowles

Oliver Bowles, B. D.—This venerable divine was fellow of Queen's college, Cambridge, where he most probably received his education. He was a man of great piety, an excellent scholar, and a celebrated tutor. The famous Dr. Preston was one of his pupils.^ Upon his removal from the university, he became rector of Sutton in Bedfordshire, about the beginning of the year 1607, where he continued upwards of fifty years. He was chosen one of the assembly of divines; when he constantly attended, and was very useful in that learned company. The assembly having petitioned the parliament for a fast, previousto its entering upon business, Mr. Bowles and Mr. Matthew

* Crosby's Baptists, vol. iii. p. 55, 56.

+ Sylvester's Life of Baxter, part ii. p. 180. iii. 180. Appro, p. 61.

? Crosby's Baptists, vol. iii. p. 101—103. Clark's Lives annexed to Martyrologie, p. 76.

Newcomen were appointed to preach before both houses and the^sembly, and both sermons were ordered to be pubiished. Mr. Bowles's sermon is entitled, " Zeale for God's House Quickened; or, a Sermon preached before the Assembly of Lords, Commons, and Divines, at their solemn Fas^Juiv 7,1643, in Abbey Church, Westminster: express" "ArS?3' 0' Zeale required in Church-Reformers," Io*j. Mr. Bowles was author of a work entitled, " De ftstore Evangelico," 1649. Dr. Calamy denominates this an excellent book. It was published by his son, and dedicated to the Earl of Manchester. He adds, that it wns "a Book not suffered to creep out in the time of the rampant episcopacy, not for any evil there is in it, but because some men do not care to be put upon too much work.*

1 hough Mr. Bowles survived the restoration many years fte does not appear either to have conformed or to have oeen ejected; but, on account of his great age, and for several other reasons, there is the strongest probability to suppose that he gave over preaching about the year 1659 or IOOU.+ He calmly resigned his soul into the hands of his dear Redeemer, September 5,1674, supposed to be upwards ot mnety years of age. He had twelve sons. His son • 12E' a ^Jebrated diTMe, was an ejected nonconformist m1568.x The excellent Mr. Timothy Cruso was favoured with the friendship and counsel of Mr. Bowles. He attended him durmg his last illness, and received the following affectionate advice from him the day before his death :_ Have a care of yourself, Timothy, in this evil world; and be not so entangled with the vanities of it as to lose the substance for the shadow. Seeing you design yourself for the work and office of the ministry, I would advise you never to trouble your hearers with useless or contending notionsbut rather preach all in practical, that you may set them upon domg, and more advance a holy life. I would not any longer live that idle and unserviceable life which I have lately done; and therefore if God have some work for me yet to do here, he will continue me yet here: but if not I am sure there is better work for me in heaven, whereby I shall act for his praise and glory more." When I took my last leave of him, says Mr. Cruso, he said, "Farewell .Timothy; and if I see thee not any more in this world, (as indeed he did not,) I hope I shall in the next, which is

• Calaay't Account, vol. ii. p. 779.

t Theolog. and Bib. Mag. vol. iv. p. 207.

t Wmw'i Noncon. Mem. vol. iii. p. 455.

better!" and so I hope also, replied Mr. Cruso. "Only remember," continued Mr. Bowles, " to keep a good conscience, and walk closely with God." These last words he twice repeated with considerable emphasis, thai it might make a deeper impression upon his mind.*