Compare Translations for Judges 19:1

Judges 19:1 ASV
And it came to pass in those days, when there was no king in Israel, that there was a certain Levite sojourning on the farther side of the hill-country of Ephraim, who took to him a concubine out of Beth-lehem-judah.
Read Judges 19 ASV  |  Read Judges 19:1 ASV in parallel  
Judges 19:1 BBE
Now in those days, when there was no king in Israel, a certain Levite was living in the inmost parts of the hill-country of Ephraim, and he got for himself a servant-wife from Beth-lehem-judah.
Read Judges 19 BBE  |  Read Judges 19:1 BBE in parallel  
Judges 19:1 CEB
In those days when there was no king in Israel, there was a certain Levite living as an immigrant in the far corners of the Ephraim highlands. He married a secondary wife from Bethlehem in Judah.
Read Judges 19 CEB  |  Read Judges 19:1 CEB in parallel  
Judges 19:1 CJB
In those days, when there was no king in Isra'el, there was a certain Levi living on the far side of the Efrayim hills who took a woman from Beit-Lechem in Y'hudah to be his concubine.
Read Judges 19 CJB  |  Read Judges 19:1 CJB in parallel  
Judges 19:1 RHE
There was a certain Levite, who dwelt on the side of mount Ephraim, who took a wife of Bethlehem Juda:
Read Judges 19 RHE  |  Read Judges 19:1 RHE in parallel  
Judges 19:1 ESV
In those days, when there was no king in Israel, a certain Levite was sojourning in the remote parts of the hill country of Ephraim, who took to himself a concubine from Bethlehem in Judah.
Read Judges 19 ESV  |  Read Judges 19:1 ESV in parallel  
Judges 19:1 GW
In those days when Israel didn't have a king, there was a Levite who lived in a remote area in the mountains of Ephraim. He took a woman from Bethlehem in Judah to be his concubine.
Read Judges 19 GW  |  Read Judges 19:1 GW in parallel  
Judges 19:1 GNT
In those days before Israel had a king, there was a Levite living far back in the hill country of Ephraim. He took a young woman from Bethlehem in Judah to be his concubine.
Read Judges 19 GNT  |  Read Judges 19:1 GNT in parallel  
Judges 19:1 HNV
It happened in those days, when there was no king in Yisra'el, that there was a certain Levite sojourning on the farther side of the hill-country of Efrayim, who took to him a concubine out of Beit-Lechem-Yehudah.
Read Judges 19 HNV  |  Read Judges 19:1 HNV in parallel  
Judges 19:1 CSB
In those days, when there was no king in Israel, a Levite living in a remote part of the hill country of Ephraim acquired a woman from Bethlehem in Judah as his concubine.
Read Judges 19 CSB  |  Read Judges 19:1 CSB in parallel  
Judges 19:1 KJV
And it came to pass in those days, when there was no king in Israel, that there was a certain Levite sojourning on the side of mount Ephraim, who took to him a concubine out of Bethlehemjudah .
Read Judges 19 KJV  |  Read Judges 19:1 KJV in parallel  |  Interlinear view
Judges 19:1 LEB
In those days there was no king in Israel; there was a man, a Levite, who dwelled as a foreigner in the remote areas of the hill country of Ephraim. And he took for himself a concubine from Bethlehem in Judah.
Read Judges 19 LEB  |  Read Judges 19:1 LEB in parallel  
Judges 19:1 NAS
Now it came about in those days, when there was no king in Israel, that there was a certain Levite staying in the remote part of the hill country of Ephraim, who took a concubine for himself from Bethlehem in Judah.
Read Judges 19 NAS  |  Read Judges 19:1 NAS in parallel  |  Interlinear view
Judges 19:1 NCV
At that time Israel did not have a king. There was a Levite who lived in the faraway mountains of Ephraim. He had taken a slave woman from the city of Bethlehem in the land of Judah to live with him,
Read Judges 19 NCV  |  Read Judges 19:1 NCV in parallel  
Judges 19:1 NIRV
In those days Israel didn't have a king. There was a Levite who lived deep in the hill country of Ephraim. He got a concubine from Bethlehem in Judah.
Read Judges 19 NIRV  |  Read Judges 19:1 NIRV in parallel  
Judges 19:1 NIV
In those days Israel had no king. Now a Levite who lived in a remote area in the hill country of Ephraim took a concubine from Bethlehem in Judah.
Read Judges 19 NIV  |  Read Judges 19:1 NIV in parallel  
Judges 19:1 NKJV
And it came to pass in those days, when there was no king in Israel, that there was a certain Levite staying in the remote mountains of Ephraim. He took for himself a concubine from Bethlehem in Judah.
Read Judges 19 NKJV  |  Read Judges 19:1 NKJV in parallel  
Judges 19:1 NLT
Now in those days Israel had no king. There was a man from the tribe of Levi living in a remote area of the hill country of Ephraim. One day he brought home a woman from Bethlehem in Judah to be his concubine.
Read Judges 19 NLT  |  Read Judges 19:1 NLT in parallel  
Judges 19:1 NRS
In those days, when there was no king in Israel, a certain Levite, residing in the remote parts of the hill country of Ephraim, took to himself a concubine from Bethlehem in Judah.
Read Judges 19 NRS  |  Read Judges 19:1 NRS in parallel  
Judges 19:1 RSV
In those days, when there was no king in Israel, a certain Levite was sojourning in the remote parts of the hill country of E'phraim, who took to himself a concubine from Bethlehem in Judah.
Read Judges 19 RSV  |  Read Judges 19:1 RSV in parallel  
Judges 19:1 DBY
And it came to pass in those days, when there was no king in Israel, that a certain Levite, sojourning on the further side of mount Ephraim, took him a concubine out of Bethlehem-Judah.
Read Judges 19 DBY  |  Read Judges 19:1 DBY in parallel  
Judges 19:1 MSG
It was an era when there was no king in Israel. A Levite, living as a stranger in the backwoods hill country of Ephraim, got himself a concubine, a woman from Bethlehem in Judah.
Read Judges 19 MSG  |  Read Judges 19:1 MSG in parallel  
Judges 19:1 WBT
And it came to pass in those days, when [there was] no king in Israel, that there was a certain Levite dwelling on the side of mount Ephraim, who took to him a concubine out of Beth-lehem-judah.
Read Judges 19 WBT  |  Read Judges 19:1 WBT in parallel  
Judges 19:1 TMB
And it came to pass in those days, when there was no king in Israel, that there was a certain Levite sojourning on the side of Mount Ephraim, who took to him a concubine out of Bethlehem in Judah.
Read Judges 19 TMB  |  Read Judges 19:1 TMB in parallel  
Judges 19:1 TNIV
In those days Israel had no king. Now a Levite who lived in a remote area in the hill country of Ephraim took a concubine from Bethlehem in Judah.
Read Judges 19 TNIV  |  Read Judges 19:1 TNIV in parallel  
Judges 19:1 WEB
It happened in those days, when there was no king in Israel, that there was a certain Levite sojourning on the farther side of the hill-country of Ephraim, who took to him a concubine out of Beth-lehem-judah.
Read Judges 19 WEB  |  Read Judges 19:1 WEB in parallel  
Judges 19:1 WYC
In those days was no king in Israel. A man was a deacon, dwelling in the side of the hill of Ephraim, the which took a (secondary) wife of Bethlehem of Judah. (In those days there was no king in Israel. And there was a man who was a Levite, living far back, or deep, in the hill country of Ephraim, who took a secondary wife, or a concubine, of Bethlehem in Judah.)
Read Judges 19 WYC  |  Read Judges 19:1 WYC in parallel  
Judges 19:1 YLT
And it cometh to pass, in those days, when there is no king in Israel, that there is a man a Levite, a sojourner in the sides of the hill-country of Ephraim, and he taketh to him a wife, a concubine, out of Beth-Lehem-Judah;
Read Judges 19 YLT  |  Read Judges 19:1 YLT in parallel  

Judges 19 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 19

The wickedness of the men of Gibeah.

- The three remaining chapters of this book contain a very sad history of the wickedness of the men of Gibeah, in Benjamin. The righteous Lord permits sinners to execute just vengeance on one another, and if the scene here described is horrible, what will the discoveries of the day of judgment be! Let each of us consider how to escape from the wrath to come, how to mortify the sins of our own hearts, to resist Satan's temptations, and to avoid the pollutions there are in the world.

Judges 19 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 19

Judges 19:1-15 . A LEVITE GOING TO BETHLEHEM TO FETCH HIS WIFE.

1. it came to pass in those days--The painfully interesting episode that follows, together with the intestine commotion the report of it produced throughout the country, belongs to the same early period of anarchy and prevailing disorder.
a certain Levite . . . took to him a concubine--The priests under the Mosaic law enjoyed the privilege of marrying as well as other classes of the people. It was no disreputable connection this Levite had formed; for a nuptial engagement with a concubine wife (though, as wanting in some outward ceremonies, it was reckoned a secondary or inferior relationship) possessed the true essence of marriage; it was not only lawful, but sanctioned by the example of many good men.

2. his concubine . . . went away from him unto her father's house--The cause of the separation assigned in our version rendered it unlawful for her husband to take her back ( Deuteronomy 24:4 ); and according to the uniform style of sentiment and practice in the East, she would have been put to death, had she gone to her father's family. Other versions concur with JOSEPHUS, in representing the reason for the flight from her husband's house to be, that she was disgusted with him, through frequent brawls.

3, 4. And her husband arose, and went after her, to speak friendly unto her--Hebrew, "speak to her heart," in a kindly and affectionate manner, so as to rekindle her affection. Accompanied by a servant, he arrived at the house of his father-in-law, who rejoiced to meet him, in the hope that a complete reconciliation would be brought about between his daughter and her husband. The Levite, yielding to the hospitable importunities of his father-in-law, prolonged his stay for days.

8. tarried--with reluctance.
until afternoon--literally, "the decline of the day." People in the East, who take little or nothing to eat in the morning, do not breakfast till from ten to twelve A.M., and this meal the hospitable relative had purposely protracted to so late a period as to afford an argument for urging a further stay.

9. the day draweth toward evening--Hebrew, "the pitching time of day." Travellers who set out at daybreak usually halt about the middle of the afternoon the first day, to enjoy rest and refreshment. It was, then, too late a time to commence a journey. But duty, perhaps, obliged the Levite to indulge no further delay.

10-12. the man . . . departed, and came over against Jebus--The note, "which is Jerusalem," must have been inserted by Ezra or some later hand. Jebus being still, though not entirely ( Judges 1:8 ) in the possession of the old inhabitants, the Levite resisted the advice of his attendant to enter it and determined rather to press forward to pass the night in Gibeah, which he knew was occupied by Israelites. The distance from Beth-lehem to Jerusalem is about six miles. The event showed that it would have been better to have followed the advice of his attendant--to have trusted themselves among aliens than among their own countrymen.

13. in Gibeah, or in Ramah--The first of these places was five miles northeast, the other from four to five north of Jerusalem.

15. when he went in, he sat him down in a street of the city--The towns of Palestine at this remote period could not, it seems, furnish any establishment in the shape of an inn or public lodging-house. Hence we conclude that the custom, which is still frequently witnessed in the cities of the East, was then not uncommon, for travellers who were late in arriving and who had no introduction to a private family, to spread their bedding in the streets, or wrapping themselves up in their cloaks, pass the night in the open air. In the Arab towns and villages, however, the sheik, or some other person, usually comes out and urgently invites the strangers to his house. This was done also in ancient Palestine ( Genesis 18:4 , 19:2 ). That the same hospitality was not shown in Gibeah seems to have been owing to the bad character of the people.

Judges 19:16-21 . AN OLD MAN ENTERTAINS HIM AT GIBEAH.

16. there came an old man from his work out of the field at even, which was also of mount Ephraim--Perhaps his hospitality was quickened by learning the stranger's occupation, and that he was on his return to his duties at Shiloh.

19, 20. there is no want of any thing--In answering the kindly inquiries of the old man, the Levite deemed it right to state that he was under no necessity of being burdensome on anyone, for he possessed all that was required to relieve his wants. Oriental travellers always carry a stock of provisions with them; and knowing that even the khans or lodging-houses they may find on their way afford nothing beyond rest and shelter, they are careful to lay in a supply of food both for themselves and their beasts. Instead of hay, which is seldom met with, they used chopped straw, which, with a mixture of barley, beans, or the like, forms the provender for cattle. The old man, however, in the warmth of a generous heart, refused to listen to any explanation, and bidding the Levite keep his stocks for any emergency that might occur in the remainder of his journey, invited them to accept of the hospitalities of his house for the night.

20. only lodge not in the street--As this is no rare or singular circumstance in the East, the probability is that the old man's earnest dissuasive from such a procedure arose from his acquaintance with the infamous practices of the place.

Judges 19:22-28 . THE GIBEAHITES ABUSE HIS CONCUBINE TO DEATH.

22-24. certain sons of Belial beset the house--The narrative of the horrid outrage that was committed; of the proposal of the old man; the unfeeling, careless, and in many respects, inexplicable conduct of the Levite towards his wife, disclose a state of morality that would have appeared incredible, did it not rest on the testimony of the sacred historian. Both men ought to have protected the women in the house, even though at the expense of their lives, or thrown themselves on God's providence. It should be noted, however, that the guilt of such a foul outrage is not fastened on the general population of Gibeah.

29. divided her . . . into twelve pieces--The want of a regular government warranted an extraordinary step; and certainly no method could have been imagined more certain of rousing universal horror and indignation than this terrible summons of the Levite.