1 Samuel 1 TNIV

The Birth of Samuel

1 There was a certain man from Ramathaim,1 a Zuphitea2 from the hill country3 of Ephraim,4 whose name was Elkanah5 son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephraimite.

References for 1 Samuel 1:1

    • a 1:1 - See Septuagint and 1 Chron. 6:26-27,33-35; or "from Ramathaim Zuphim".
      2 He had two wives;6 one was called Hannah and the other Peninnah. Peninnah had children, but Hannah had none.

      References for 1 Samuel 1:2

      3 Year after year7 this man went up from his town to worship8 and sacrifice to the LORD Almighty at Shiloh,9 where Hophni and Phinehas, the two sons of Eli,10 were priests of the LORD.

      References for 1 Samuel 1:3

      4 Whenever the day came for Elkanah to sacrifice,11 he would give portions of the meat to his wife Peninnah and to all her sons and daughters.12

      References for 1 Samuel 1:4

      5 But to Hannah he gave a double portion13 because he loved her, and the LORD had closed her womb.14

      References for 1 Samuel 1:5

      6 Because the LORD had closed Hannah's womb, her rival kept provoking her in order to irritate her.15

      References for 1 Samuel 1:6

      7 This went on year after year. Whenever Hannah went up to the house of the LORD, her rival provoked her till she wept and would not eat.16

      References for 1 Samuel 1:7

      8 Her husband Elkanah would say to her, "Hannah, why are you weeping? Why don't you eat? Why are you downhearted? Don't I mean more to you than ten sons?17"

      References for 1 Samuel 1:8

      9 Once when they had finished eating and drinking in Shiloh, Hannah stood up. Now Eli the priest was sitting on his chair by the doorpost of the LORD's house.18

      References for 1 Samuel 1:9

      10 In her deep anguish19 Hannah prayed to the LORD, weeping bitterly.

      References for 1 Samuel 1:10

      11 And she made a vow,20 saying, "LORD Almighty21, if you will only look on your servant's misery and remember22 me, and not forget your servant but give her a son, then I will give him to the LORD for all the days of his life,23 and no razor24 will ever be used on his head."

      References for 1 Samuel 1:11

      12 As she kept on praying to the LORD, Eli observed her mouth.
      13 Hannah was praying in her heart, and her lips were moving but her voice was not heard. Eli thought she was drunk
      14 and said to her, "How long are you going to stay drunk? Put away your wine."
      15 "Not so, my lord," Hannah replied, "I am a woman who is deeply troubled.25 I have not been drinking wine or beer; I was pouring26 out my soul to the LORD.

      References for 1 Samuel 1:15

      16 Do not take your servant for a wicked woman; I have been praying here out of my great anguish and grief."27

      References for 1 Samuel 1:16

      17 Eli answered, "Go in peace,28 and may the God of Israel grant you what you have asked of him.29"

      References for 1 Samuel 1:17

      18 She said, "May your servant find favor in your eyes.30" Then she went her way and ate something, and her face was no longer downcast.31

      References for 1 Samuel 1:18

      19 Early the next morning they arose and worshiped before the LORD and then went back to their home at Ramah.32 Elkanah made love to his wife Hannah, and the LORD remembered33 her.

      References for 1 Samuel 1:19

      20 So in the course of time Hannah became pregnant and gave birth to a son.34 She named35 him Samuel,b36 saying, "Because I asked the LORD for him."

      References for 1 Samuel 1:20

        • b 1:20 - "Samuel" sounds like the Hebrew for "heard by God."

          Hannah Dedicates Samuel

          21 When Elkanah went up with all his family to offer the annual37 sacrifice to the LORD and to fulfill his vow,38

          References for 1 Samuel 1:21

          22 Hannah did not go. She said to her husband, "After the boy is weaned, I will take him and present39 him before the LORD, and he will live there always."c

          References for 1 Samuel 1:22

            • c 1:22 - Masoretic Text; Dead Sea Scrolls "always. I have dedicated him as a Nazirite--all the days of his life.""
              23 "Do what seems best to you," her husband Elkanah told her. "Stay here until you have weaned him; only may the LORD make good40 hisd word." So the woman stayed at home and nursed her son until she had weaned41 him.

              References for 1 Samuel 1:23

                • d 1:23 - Masoretic Text; Dead Sea Scrolls, Septuagint and Syriac "your"
                  24 After he was weaned, she took the boy with her, young as he was, along with a three-year-old bull,e42 an ephahf of flour and a skin of wine, and brought him to the house of the LORD at Shiloh.

                  References for 1 Samuel 1:24

                    • e 1:24 - Dead Sea Scrolls, Septuagint and Syriac; Masoretic Text "with three bulls"
                    • f 1:24 - That is, probably about 36 pounds or about 16 kilograms
                      25 When the bull had been sacrificed, they brought the boy to Eli,
                      26 and she said to him, "Pardon me, my lord. As surely as you live, I am the woman who stood here beside you praying to the LORD.
                      27 I prayed43 for this child, and the LORD has granted me what I asked of him.

                      References for 1 Samuel 1:27

                      28 So now I give him to the LORD. For his whole life44 he will be given over to the LORD." And he worshiped the LORD there.

                      References for 1 Samuel 1:28