" 'If anyone sins because they do not speak up when they hear a public charge to testify1 regarding something they have seen or learned about, they will be held responsible.22
Or if anyone unwittingly touches anything ceremonially unclean--whether the carcass of an unclean animal, wild or domestic, or of any unclean creature that moves along the ground3--and they are unaware that they have become unclean,4 but then they come to realize their guilt;
or if they touch human uncleanness5--anything that would make them unclean6--even though they are unaware of it, but then they learn of it and realize their guilt;
or if anyone thoughtlessly takes an oath7 to do anything, whether good or evil8--in any matter one might carelessly swear about--even though they are unaware of it, but then they learn of it and realize their guilt--
when anyone realizes their guilt in any of these matters, they must confess9 in what way they have sinned
and, as a penalty for the sin they have committed, they must bring to the LORD a female lamb or goat10 from the flock as a sin offeringa;11 and the priest shall make atonement12 for them for their sin.
" 'Anyone who cannot afford13 a lamb14 is to bring two doves or two young pigeons15 to the LORD as a penalty for their sin--one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering.
They are to bring them to the priest, who shall first offer the one for the sin offering. He is to wring its head from its neck,16 not dividing it completely,179
and is to splash18 some of the blood of the sin offering against the side of the altar;19 the rest of the blood must be drained out at the base of the altar.20 It is a sin offering.
The priest shall then offer the other as a burnt offering in the prescribed way21 and make atonement22 for them for the sin they have committed, and they will be forgiven.2311
" 'If, however, they cannot afford24 two doves or two young pigeons,25 they are to bring as an offering for their sin a tenth of an ephahb26 of the finest flour27 for a sin offering. They must not put oil or incense on it, because it is a sin offering.
They are to bring it to the priest, who shall take a handful of it as a memorialc portion28 and burn it on the altar29 on top of the food offerings presented to the LORD. It is a sin offering.
In this way the priest will make atonement30 for them for any of these sins they have committed, and they will be forgiven. The rest of the offering will belong to the priest,31 as in the case of the grain offering.32' "
The LORD said to Moses:
"When anyone is unfaithful to the LORD by sinning unintentionally33 in regard to any of the LORD's holy things, they are to bring to the LORD as a penalty34 a ram35 from the flock, one without defect and of the proper value in silver, according to the sanctuary shekel.d36 It is a guilt offering.3716
They must make restitution38 for what they have failed to do in regard to the holy things, pay an additional penalty of a fifth of its value39 and give it all to the priest. The priest will make atonement for them with the ram as a guilt offering, and they will be forgiven.
"If anyone sins and does what is forbidden in any of the LORD's commands, even though they do not know it,40 they are guilty and will be held responsible.4118
They are to bring to the priest as a guilt offering42 a ram from the flock, one without defect and of the proper value. In this way the priest will make atonement for them for the wrong they have committed unintentionally, and they will be forgiven.4319
It is a guilt offering; they have been guilty ofe wrongdoing against the LORD."44