5:1 And if a soul sin, and hear the voice of swearing, and [is] a witness, whether he hath seen or a known [of it]; if he do not utter [it], then he shall bear his iniquity.
(a) By which it is commanded to bear witness to the truth, and disclose the iniquity of the ungodly. 5:4 Or if a soul b swear, pronouncing with [his] lips to do evil, or to do good, whatsoever [it be] that a man shall pronounce with an oath, and it be hid from him; when he knoweth [of it], then he shall be guilty in one of these.
(b) Or, vow rashly without just examination of the circumstances, and not knowing what shall be the issue of the same. 5:5 And it shall be, when he shall be guilty in one of these c [things], that he shall confess that he hath sinned in that [thing]:
(c) Which have been mentioned before in this chapter. 5:10 And he shall offer the second [for] a burnt offering, according to the manner: and the priest shall d make an atonement for him for his sin which he hath sinned, and it shall be forgiven him.
(d) Or, declare him to be purged of that sin. 5:11 But if he be not able to bring two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, then he that sinned shall bring for his offering the tenth part of an e ephah of fine flour for a sin offering; he shall put no f oil upon it, neither shall he put [any] frankincense thereon: for it [is] a sin offering.
(e) Which was about a half gallon. 5:15 If a soul commit a trespass, and sin through ignorance, g in the holy things of the LORD; then he shall bring for his trespass unto the LORD a ram without blemish out of the flocks, h with thy estimation by shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for a trespass offering:
(f) As in the meat offering, ( Leviticus 2:1 ).
(g) Concerning the first fruits or tithes, due to the priests and Levites. 5:17 And if a soul sin, and commit any of these things which are forbidden to be done by the commandments of the LORD; though he wist [it] not, yet is he guilty, and shall i bear his iniquity.
(h) By the estimation of the priest, ( Leviticus 27:12 ).
(i) That is, remembers after that he has sinned when his conscience accuses him. 5:18 And he shall bring a ram without blemish out of the flock, with thy estimation, for a trespass offering, unto the priest: and the priest shall make an atonement for him concerning his k ignorance wherein he erred and wist [it] not, and it shall be forgiven him.
(k) Else if his sin against God come of malice, he must die; ( Numbers 15:30 ).