Leviticus 6

1 The LORD said to Moses:
2 “If anyone sins and is unfaithful to the LORD by deceiving a neighbor about something entrusted to them or left in their care or about something stolen, or if they cheat their neighbor,
3 or if they find lost property and lie about it, or if they swear falsely about any such sin that people may commit—
4 when they sin in any of these ways and realize their guilt, they must return what they have stolen or taken by extortion, or what was entrusted to them, or the lost property they found,
5 or whatever it was they swore falsely about. They must make restitution in full, add a fifth of the value to it and give it all to the owner on the day they present their guilt offering.
6 And as a penalty they must bring to the priest, that is, to the LORD, their guilt offering, a ram from the flock, one without defect and of the proper value.
7 In this way the priest will make atonement for them before the LORD, and they will be forgiven for any of the things they did that made them guilty.”

The Burnt Offering

8 The LORD said to Moses:
9 “Give Aaron and his sons this command: ‘These are the regulations for the burnt offering: The burnt offering is to remain on the altar hearth throughout the night, till morning, and the fire must be kept burning on the altar.
10 The priest shall then put on his linen clothes, with linen undergarments next to his body, and shall remove the ashes of the burnt offering that the fire has consumed on the altar and place them beside the altar.
11 Then he is to take off these clothes and put on others, and carry the ashes outside the camp to a place that is ceremonially clean.
12 The fire on the altar must be kept burning; it must not go out. Every morning the priest is to add firewood and arrange the burnt offering on the fire and burn the fat of the fellowship offerings on it.
13 The fire must be kept burning on the altar continuously; it must not go out.

The Grain Offering

14 “ ‘These are the regulations for the grain offering: Aaron’s sons are to bring it before the LORD, in front of the altar.
15 The priest is to take a handful of the finest flour and some olive oil, together with all the incense on the grain offering, and burn the memorial[a] portion on the altar as an aroma pleasing to the LORD.
16 Aaron and his sons shall eat the rest of it, but it is to be eaten without yeast in the sanctuary area; they are to eat it in the courtyard of the tent of meeting.
17 It must not be baked with yeast; I have given it as their share of the food offerings presented to me. Like the sin offering[b] and the guilt offering, it is most holy.
18 Any male descendant of Aaron may eat it. For all generations to come it is his perpetual share of the food offerings presented to the LORD. Whatever touches them will become holy.[c] ’ ”
19 The LORD also said to Moses,
20 “This is the offering Aaron and his sons are to bring to the LORD on the day he[d] is anointed: a tenth of an ephah[e] of the finest flour as a regular grain offering, half of it in the morning and half in the evening.
21 It must be prepared with oil on a griddle; bring it well-mixed and present the grain offering broken[f] in pieces as an aroma pleasing to the LORD.
22 The son who is to succeed him as anointed priest shall prepare it. It is the LORD’s perpetual share and is to be burned completely.
23 Every grain offering of a priest shall be burned completely; it must not be eaten.”

The Sin Offering

24 The LORD said to Moses,
25 “Say to Aaron and his sons: ‘These are the regulations for the sin offering: The sin offering is to be slaughtered before the LORD in the place the burnt offering is slaughtered; it is most holy.
26 The priest who offers it shall eat it; it is to be eaten in the sanctuary area, in the courtyard of the tent of meeting.
27 Whatever touches any of the flesh will become holy, and if any of the blood is spattered on a garment, you must wash it in the sanctuary area.
28 The clay pot the meat is cooked in must be broken; but if it is cooked in a bronze pot, the pot is to be scoured and rinsed with water.
29 Any male in a priest’s family may eat it; it is most holy.
30 But any sin offering whose blood is brought into the tent of meeting to make atonement in the Holy Place must not be eaten; it must be burned up.

Leviticus 6 Commentary

Chapter 6

Concerning trespasses against our neighbour. (1-7) Concerning the burnt-offering. (8-13) Concerning the meat-offering. (14-23) Concerning the sin-offering. (24-30)

Verses 1-7 Though all the instances relate to our neighbour, yet it is called a trespass against the Lord. Though the person injured be mean, and even despicable, yet the injury reflects upon that God who has made the command of loving our neighbour next to that of loving himself. Human laws make a difference as to punishments; but all methods of doing wrong to others, are alike violations of the Divine law, even keeping what is found, when the owner can be discovered. Frauds are generally accompanied with lies, often with false oaths. If the offender would escape the vengeance of God, he must make ample restitution, according to his power, and seek forgiveness by faith in that one Offering which taketh away the sin of the world. The trespasses here mentioned, still are trespasses against the law of Christ, which insists as much upon justice and truth, as the law of nature, or the law of Moses.

Verses 8-13 The daily sacrifice of a lamb is chiefly referred to. The priest must take care of the fire upon the altar. The first fire upon the altar came from heaven, ch. 9:24 ; by keeping that up continually, all their sacrifices might be said to be consumed with the fire from heaven, in token of God's acceptance. Thus should the fire of our holy affections, the exercise of our faith and love, of prayer and praise, be without ceasing.

Verses 14-23 The law of the burnt-offerings put upon the priests a great deal of care and work; the flesh was wholly burnt, and the priests had nothing but the skin. But most of the meat-offering was their own. It is God's will that his ministers should be provided with what is needful.

Verses 24-30 The blood of the sin-offering was to be washed out of the clothes on which it should happen to be sprinkled, which signified the regard we ought to have to the blood of Christ, not counting it a common thing. The vessel in which the flesh of the sin-offering was boiled must be broken, if it were an earthen one; but if a brazen one, well washed. This showed that the defilement was not wholly taken away by the offering; but the blood of Christ thoroughly cleanses from all sin. All these rules set forth the polluting nature of sin, and the removal of guilt from the sinner to the sacrifice. Behold and wonder at Christ's love, in that he was content to be made a sin-offering for us, and so to procure our pardon for continual sins and failings. He that knew no sin was made sin (that is, a ( 2 Corinthians. 5:21 ) only pardon, but power also, against sin, ( Romans 8:3 ) .

Cross References 58

  • 1. Numbers 5:6; Psalms 73:27; Acts 5:4; Colossians 3:9
  • 2. Leviticus 19:11; Jeremiah 9:4,5; Proverbs 24:28
  • 3. S Exodus 22:7
  • 4. S Genesis 31:7
  • 5. S Exodus 23:4; Deuteronomy 22:1-3
  • 6. S Exodus 22:11
  • 7. Leviticus 5:16; Ezekiel 33:15; S Luke 19:8
  • 8. Numbers 5:7
  • 9. S Leviticus 5:15
  • 10. S Leviticus 5:15
  • 11. Numbers 5:8
  • 12. S Exodus 32:30; Leviticus 4:26
  • 13. Leviticus 7:37
  • 14. ver 12
  • 15. S Exodus 39:27
  • 16. Ex 28:39-42,43; Exodus 39:28
  • 17. S Leviticus 1:16
  • 18. S Leviticus 4:12
  • 19. S Leviticus 1:7
  • 20. S Exodus 29:13
  • 21. S Exodus 32:6
  • 22. S Leviticus 2:1; Numbers 6:15; Numbers 15:4; Numbers 28:13
  • 23. S Leviticus 2:1
  • 24. Leviticus 2:9
  • 25. S Leviticus 2:2
  • 26. S Leviticus 2:3
  • 27. Ezekiel 44:29
  • 28. S Leviticus 2:11
  • 29. ver 26; S Exodus 29:11; Leviticus 10:13; Leviticus 16:24; Leviticus 24:9; Numbers 18:10
  • 30. S Exodus 27:9
  • 31. Exodus 29:31; Leviticus 8:31
  • 32. Numbers 5:9
  • 33. Exodus 29:28; Leviticus 7:7; Leviticus 10:16-18
  • 34. ver 29; Exodus 40:10; Leviticus 10:12; Leviticus 21:22; Leviticus 24:9; Numbers 18:9,10
  • 35. ver 29; Leviticus 2:3; Leviticus 7:6; Numbers 18:9-10
  • 36. Numbers 5:9
  • 37. S Genesis 9:12
  • 38. S Exodus 30:29; ver 27
  • 39. S Exodus 28:41
  • 40. S Exodus 16:36
  • 41. Numbers 5:15; Numbers 28:5
  • 42. Exodus 29:2; Leviticus 23:13; Numbers 4:16
  • 43. Leviticus 2:5
  • 44. S Exodus 28:41; S Exodus 29:30
  • 45. S Leviticus 1:9
  • 46. S Exodus 30:10; S Leviticus 4:24
  • 47. S Leviticus 1:3
  • 48. S Exodus 29:11; Leviticus 1:5,11
  • 49. S ver 16
  • 50. S Exodus 27:9; Leviticus 10:17-18
  • 51. S Exodus 27:21; S Exodus 40:2
  • 52. S Exodus 29:37; Leviticus 10:10; Ezekiel 44:19; Ezekiel 46:20; Haggai 2:12
  • 53. Leviticus 11:33; Leviticus 15:12; Numbers 19:15
  • 54. S ver 18
  • 55. S ver 17; Ezekiel 42:13
  • 56. Ezekiel 45:15
  • 57. S Leviticus 4:18
  • 58. Leviticus 4:12

Footnotes 6

  • [a]. Or "representative"
  • [b]. Or "purification offering" ; also in verses 25 and 30
  • [c]. Or "Whoever touches them must be holy" ; similarly in verse 27
  • [d]. Or "each"
  • [e]. That is, probably about 3 1/2 pounds or about 1.6 kilograms
  • [f]. The meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain.

Chapter Summary

INTRODUCTION TO LEVITICUS 6

This chapter treats of the trespass offering for sins committed knowingly and wilfully, Le 6:1-7 and of the law of the burnt offering, and of cleansing the altar of burnt offering, and keeping the fire burning on it continually, Le 6:8-13 and of the meat offering, which is repeated with some additional circumstances, Le 6:14-18 and of the offering at the consecration of the high priest, Le 6:19-23 and of the sin offering, and where to be killed and eaten, and by whom, Le 6:24-30.

Leviticus 6 Commentaries