1 Kings 14

Ahijah’s Prophecy Against Jeroboam

1 At that time Abijah son of Jeroboam became ill,
2 and Jeroboam said to his wife, “Go, disguise yourself, so you won’t be recognized as the wife of Jeroboam. Then go to Shiloh. Ahijah the prophet is there—the one who told me I would be king over this people.
3 Take ten loaves of bread with you, some cakes and a jar of honey, and go to him. He will tell you what will happen to the boy.”
4 So Jeroboam’s wife did what he said and went to Ahijah’s house in Shiloh. Now Ahijah could not see; his sight was gone because of his age.
5 But the LORD had told Ahijah, “Jeroboam’s wife is coming to ask you about her son, for he is ill, and you are to give her such and such an answer. When she arrives, she will pretend to be someone else.”
6 So when Ahijah heard the sound of her footsteps at the door, he said, “Come in, wife of Jeroboam. Why this pretense? I have been sent to you with bad news.
7 Go, tell Jeroboam that this is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: ‘I raised you up from among the people and appointed you ruler over my people Israel.
8 I tore the kingdom away from the house of David and gave it to you, but you have not been like my servant David, who kept my commands and followed me with all his heart, doing only what was right in my eyes.
9 You have done more evil than all who lived before you. You have made for yourself other gods, idols made of metal; you have aroused my anger and turned your back on me.
10 “ ‘Because of this, I am going to bring disaster on the house of Jeroboam. I will cut off from Jeroboam every last male in Israel—slave or free.[a] I will burn up the house of Jeroboam as one burns dung, until it is all gone.
11 Dogs will eat those belonging to Jeroboam who die in the city, and the birds will feed on those who die in the country. The LORD has spoken!’
12 “As for you, go back home. When you set foot in your city, the boy will die.
13 All Israel will mourn for him and bury him. He is the only one belonging to Jeroboam who will be buried, because he is the only one in the house of Jeroboam in whom the LORD, the God of Israel, has found anything good.
14 “The LORD will raise up for himself a king over Israel who will cut off the family of Jeroboam. Even now this is beginning to happen.[b]
15 And the LORD will strike Israel, so that it will be like a reed swaying in the water. He will uproot Israel from this good land that he gave to their ancestors and scatter them beyond the Euphrates River, because they aroused the LORD’s anger by making Asherah poles.[c]
16 And he will give Israel up because of the sins Jeroboam has committed and has caused Israel to commit.”
17 Then Jeroboam’s wife got up and left and went to Tirzah. As soon as she stepped over the threshold of the house, the boy died.
18 They buried him, and all Israel mourned for him, as the LORD had said through his servant the prophet Ahijah.
19 The other events of Jeroboam’s reign, his wars and how he ruled, are written in the book of the annals of the kings of Israel.
20 He reigned for twenty-two years and then rested with his ancestors. And Nadab his son succeeded him as king.

Rehoboam King of Judah

21 Rehoboam son of Solomon was king in Judah. He was forty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem, the city the LORD had chosen out of all the tribes of Israel in which to put his Name. His mother’s name was Naamah; she was an Ammonite.
22 Judah did evil in the eyes of the LORD. By the sins they committed they stirred up his jealous anger more than those who were before them had done.
23 They also set up for themselves high places, sacred stones and Asherah poles on every high hill and under every spreading tree.
24 There were even male shrine prostitutes in the land; the people engaged in all the detestable practices of the nations the LORD had driven out before the Israelites.
25 In the fifth year of King Rehoboam, Shishak king of Egypt attacked Jerusalem.
26 He carried off the treasures of the temple of the LORD and the treasures of the royal palace. He took everything, including all the gold shields Solomon had made.
27 So King Rehoboam made bronze shields to replace them and assigned these to the commanders of the guard on duty at the entrance to the royal palace.
28 Whenever the king went to the LORD’s temple, the guards bore the shields, and afterward they returned them to the guardroom.
29 As for the other events of Rehoboam’s reign, and all he did, are they not written in the book of the annals of the kings of Judah?
30 There was continual warfare between Rehoboam and Jeroboam.
31 And Rehoboam rested with his ancestors and was buried with them in the City of David. His mother’s name was Naamah; she was an Ammonite. And Abijah[d] his son succeeded him as king.

1 Kings 14 Commentary

Chapter 14

Abijah being sick, his mother consults Ahijah. (1-6) The destruction of Jeroboam's house. (7-20) Rehoboam's wicked reign. (21-31)

Verses 1-6 "At that time," when Jeroboam did evil, his child sickened. When sickness comes into our families, we should inquire whether there may not be some particular sin harboured in our houses, which the affliction is sent to convince us of, and reclaim us from. It had been more pious if he had desired to know wherefore God contended with him; had begged the prophet's prayers, and cast away his idols from him; but most people would rather be told their fortune, than their faults or their duty. He sent to Ahijah, because he had told him he should be king. Those who by sin disqualify themselves for comfort, yet expect that their ministers, because they are good men, should speak peace and comfort to them, greatly wrong themselves and their ministers. He sent his wife in disguise, that the prophet might only answer her question concerning her son. Thus some people would limit their ministers to smooth things, and care not for having the whole counsel of God declared to them, lest it should prophesy no good concerning them, but evil. But she shall know, at the first word, what she has to trust to. Tidings of a portion with hypocrites will be heavy tidings. God will judge men according to what they are, not by what they seem to be.

Verses 7-20 Whether we keep an account of God's mercies to us or not, he does; and he will set them in order before us, if we are ungrateful, to our greater confusion. Ahijah foretells the speedy death of the child then sick, in mercy to him. He only in the house of Jeroboam had affection for the true worship of God, and disliked the worship of the calves. To show the power and sovereignty of his grace, God saves some out of the worst families, in whom there is some good thing towards the Lord God of Israel. The righteous are removed from the evil to come in this world, to the good to come in a better world. It is often a bad sign for a family, when the best in it are buried out of it. Yet their death never can be a loss to themselves. It was a present affliction to the family and kingdom, by which both ought to have been instructed. God also tells the judgments which should come upon the people of Israel, for conforming to the worship Jeroboam established. After they left the house of David, the government never continued long in one family, but one undermined and destroyed another. Families and kingdoms are ruined by sin. If great men do wickedly, they draw many others, both into the guilt and punishment. The condemnation of those will be severest, who must answer, not only for their own sins, but for sins others have been drawn into, and kept in, by them.

Verses 21-31 Here is no good said of Rehoboam, and much said to the disadvantage of his subjects. The abounding of the worst crimes, of the worst of the heathen, in Jerusalem, the city the Lord had chosen for his temple and his worship, shows that nothing can mend the hearts of fallen men but the sanctifying grace of the Holy Spirit. On this alone may we depend; for this let us daily pray, in behalf of ourselves and all around us. The splendour of their temple, the pomp of their priesthood, and all the advantages with which their religion was attended, could not prevail to keep them close to it; nothing less than the pouring out the Spirit will keep God's Israel in their allegiance to him. Sin exposes, makes poor, and weakens any people. Shishak, king of Egypt, came and took away the treasures. Sin makes the gold become dim, changes the most fine gold, and turns it into brass.

Cross References 37

  • 1. 1 Samuel 28:8; 2 Samuel 14:2; S 1 Kings 11:29
  • 2. S 1 Samuel 9:7
  • 3. S 1 Samuel 28:12
  • 4. 1 Kings 15:29
  • 5. 2 Samuel 12:7-8; 1 Kings 16:2; 1 Kings 11:37
  • 6. S 1 Samuel 15:27; 1Ki 11:31,33,38
  • 7. S 2 Samuel 8:15; 1 Kings 3:3; 1 Kings 15:5; 2 Kings 14:3; 2 Kings 15:3,34; 2 Kings 16:2; 2 Kings 18:3; 2 Kings 20:3; 2 Kings 22:2
  • 8. 1 Kings 16:30,33; 1 Kings 21:25; 2 Kings 21:9,11; 2 Kings 24:3
  • 9. 1 Kings 16:2
  • 10. S Exodus 20:4; S Exodus 32:4; Exodus 34:17; 1 Kings 12:28; 2 Chronicles 11:15
  • 11. Deuteronomy 32:16; 1 Kings 16:2; Psalms 78:58; Jeremiah 7:18; Jeremiah 8:19; Jeremiah 32:32; Jeremiah 44:3; Ezekiel 8:17; Ezekiel 16:26
  • 12. Nehemiah 9:26; Psalms 50:17; Jeremiah 2:27; Jeremiah 32:33; Ezekiel 23:35
  • 13. S Joshua 23:15; S 1 Kings 13:34
  • 14. S Deuteronomy 32:36; 1 Kings 21:21; 2 Kings 9:8-9; 2 Kings 14:26
  • 15. 1 Samuel 12:25; 1 Samuel 15:26; 1 Kings 15:29; Hosea 13:11
  • 16. 1 Kings 16:4; 1 Kings 21:24
  • 17. S Genesis 40:19; S Deuteronomy 28:26
  • 18. 2 Chronicles 12:12; 2 Chronicles 19:3
  • 19. S Deuteronomy 29:28; 2 Kings 15:29; 2 Kings 17:6; S 2 Chronicles 7:20; Psalms 52:5
  • 20. Joshua 23:15-16; Jeremiah 44:3
  • 21. Exodus 34:13; S Deuteronomy 12:3
  • 22. S 1 Kings 12:30; 1 Kings 13:34; 1 Kings 15:30,34; 1 Kings 16:2; S 1 Kings 15:26
  • 23. ver 12; S Joshua 12:24; S 1 Kings 15:33; 1 Kings 16:6-9
  • 24. ver 31; S 1 Kings 11:1; 2 Chronicles 12:13
  • 25. 2 Kings 17:19; 2 Chronicles 12:1
  • 26. Deuteronomy 32:21; Psalms 78:58; Jeremiah 44:3; S 1 Corinthians 10:22
  • 27. S Exodus 23:24; Deuteronomy 16:22; 2 Kings 17:9-10; Ezekiel 16:24-25; Hosea 10:1
  • 28. S Deuteronomy 12:3
  • 29. S Deuteronomy 12:2; Isaiah 57:5; Ezekiel 6:13
  • 30. S Deuteronomy 23:17; 1 Kings 15:12; 2 Kings 23:7
  • 31. 1 Kings 11:5-7; 2 Kings 21:2; Ezra 9:11; Proverbs 21:27; Isaiah 1:13; Jeremiah 16:18; Jeremiah 32:35; Jeremiah 44:4
  • 32. 1 Kings 11:40; 2 Chronicles 12:2
  • 33. 1 Kings 15:15,18
  • 34. S 2 Samuel 8:7; 1 Kings 10:17
  • 35. 2 Kings 11:5
  • 36. 2 Samuel 3:1; S 1 Kings 12:21; 1 Kings 15:6
  • 37. ver 21; S 1 Kings 11:1; 2 Chronicles 12:16

Footnotes 4

  • [a]. Or "Israel—every ruler or leader"
  • [b]. The meaning of the Hebrew for this sentence is uncertain.
  • [c]. That is, wooden symbols of the goddess Asherah; here and elsewhere in 1 Kings
  • [d]. Some Hebrew manuscripts and Septuagint (see also 2 Chron. 12:16); most Hebrew manuscripts "Abijam"

Chapter Summary


This chapter relates the sickness of Jeroboam's son, the application of his wife, at his instance, to the prophet Ahijah, in the child's favour, 1Ki 14:1-6, the prophecy of the prophet concerning the ruin of Jeroboam's house, and the death of the child, which came to pass, 1Ki 14:7-18, an account of the years of Jeroboam's reign, and also of Rehoboam's, 1Ki 14:19-21, and of the evil things done and suffered by the latter in his kingdom, and the calamities that came upon him for it, 1Ki 14:22-28 and the conclusion of his reign, 1Ki 14:29-31.

1 Kings 14 Commentaries