1 Samuel 14:44

44 Saul said, “May God deal with me, be it ever so severely, if you do not die, Jonathan.”

Read 1 Samuel 14:44 Using Other Translations

And Saul answered, God do so and more also: for thou shalt surely die, Jonathan.
And Saul said, "God do so to me and more also; you shall surely die, Jonathan."
“Yes, Jonathan,” Saul said, “you must die! May God strike me and even kill me if you do not die for this.”

What does 1 Samuel 14:44 mean?

John Gill's Exposition of the Bible
1 Samuel 14:44

And Saul answered, God do so and more also
A form of an oath imprecating evils upon him more and greater than he chose to mention, see the like form in ( Ruth 1:17 ) , though Abarbinel thinks this is not the form of an oath, but an asseveration of a curse that would befall him; as that God would not answer him when he inquired of him, and that he would add to do so again and again, if he died not:

for thou shall surely die, Jonathan;
such words from a father must be very striking to a son, and argue a want of paternal affection in Saul, that could call his son by his name, and deliver such a speech unto him in so strong a manner.

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