2 Kings 12

Joash Repairs the Temple

1 In the seventh year of Jehu, Joash[a] became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem forty years. His mother’s name was Zibiah; she was from Beersheba.
2 Joash did what was right in the eyes of the LORD all the years Jehoiada the priest instructed him.
3 The high places, however, were not removed; the people continued to offer sacrifices and burn incense there.
4 Joash said to the priests, “Collect all the money that is brought as sacred offerings to the temple of the LORD—the money collected in the census, the money received from personal vows and the money brought voluntarily to the temple.
5 Let every priest receive the money from one of the treasurers, then use it to repair whatever damage is found in the temple.”
6 But by the twenty-third year of King Joash the priests still had not repaired the temple.
7 Therefore King Joash summoned Jehoiada the priest and the other priests and asked them, “Why aren’t you repairing the damage done to the temple? Take no more money from your treasurers, but hand it over for repairing the temple.”
8 The priests agreed that they would not collect any more money from the people and that they would not repair the temple themselves.
9 Jehoiada the priest took a chest and bored a hole in its lid. He placed it beside the altar, on the right side as one enters the temple of the LORD. The priests who guarded the entrance put into the chest all the money that was brought to the temple of the LORD.
10 Whenever they saw that there was a large amount of money in the chest, the royal secretary and the high priest came, counted the money that had been brought into the temple of the LORD and put it into bags.
11 When the amount had been determined, they gave the money to the men appointed to supervise the work on the temple. With it they paid those who worked on the temple of the LORD—the carpenters and builders,
12 the masons and stonecutters. They purchased timber and blocks of dressed stone for the repair of the temple of the LORD, and met all the other expenses of restoring the temple.
13 The money brought into the temple was not spent for making silver basins, wick trimmers, sprinkling bowls, trumpets or any other articles of gold or silver for the temple of the LORD;
14 it was paid to the workers, who used it to repair the temple.
15 They did not require an accounting from those to whom they gave the money to pay the workers, because they acted with complete honesty.
16 The money from the guilt offerings and sin offerings[b] was not brought into the temple of the LORD; it belonged to the priests.
17 About this time Hazael king of Aram went up and attacked Gath and captured it. Then he turned to attack Jerusalem.
18 But Joash king of Judah took all the sacred objects dedicated by his predecessors—Jehoshaphat, Jehoram and Ahaziah, the kings of Judah—and the gifts he himself had dedicated and all the gold found in the treasuries of the temple of the LORD and of the royal palace, and he sent them to Hazael king of Aram, who then withdrew from Jerusalem.
19 As for the other events of the reign of Joash, and all he did, are they not written in the book of the annals of the kings of Judah?
20 His officials conspired against him and assassinated him at Beth Millo, on the road down to Silla.
21 The officials who murdered him were Jozabad son of Shimeath and Jehozabad son of Shomer. He died and was buried with his ancestors in the City of David. And Amaziah his son succeeded him as king.

2 Kings 12 Commentary

Chapter 12

Jehoash orders the repair of the temple. (1-16) He is slain by his servants. (17-21)

Verses 1-16 It is a great mercy to young people, especially to all young men of rank, like Jehoash, to have those about them who will instruct them to do what is right in the sight of the Lord; and they do wisely and well for themselves, when willing to be counselled and ruled. The temple was out of repair; Jehoash orders the repair of the temple. The king was zealous. God requires those who have power, to use it for the support of religion, the redress of grievances, and repairing of decays. The king employed the priests to manage, as most likely to be hearty in the work. But nothing was done effectually till the twenty-third year of his reign. Another method was therefore taken. When public distributions are made faithfully, public contributions will be made cheerfully. While they were getting all they could for the repair of the temple, they did not break in upon the stated maintenance of the priests. Let not the servants of the temple be starved, under colour of repairing the breaches of it. Those that were intrusted did the business carefully and faithfully. They did not lay it out in ornaments for the temple, till the other work was completed; hence we may learn, in all our expenses, to prefer that which is most needful, and, in dealing for the public, to deal as we would for ourselves.

Verses 17-21 Let us review the character of Jehoash, and consider what we may learn from it. When we see what a sad conclusion there was to so promising a beginning, it ought to make us seek into our spiritual declinings. If we know any thing of Christ as the foundation of our faith and hope, let us desire to know nothing but Christ. May the work of the blessed Spirit on our souls be manifest; may we see, feel, and be earnest, in seeking after Jesus in all his fulness, suitableness, and grace, that our souls may be brought over from dead works to serve the living and true God.

Cross References 23

  • 1. 2 Kings 11:2
  • 2. S Deuteronomy 12:25; S 2 Samuel 8:15
  • 3. S 1 Kings 3:3; S 2 Kings 14:4; 2 Kings 15:35; 2 Kings 18:4
  • 4. 2 Kings 22:4
  • 5. Exodus 35:5; Numbers 18:19
  • 6. S Exodus 30:12
  • 7. S Exodus 25:2; S Exodus 35:29; 1 Chronicles 29:3-9
  • 8. 2 Kings 22:5
  • 9. 2 Kings 25:18; Jeremiah 35:4; Jeremiah 52:24
  • 10. 2 Chronicles 24:8; Mark 12:41; Luke 21:1
  • 11. S 2 Samuel 8:17
  • 12. 2 Kings 22:5-6
  • 13. S 1 Kings 7:48-51; 2 Chronicles 24:14
  • 14. 2 Kings 22:7; 1 Corinthians 4:2
  • 15. Leviticus 5:14-19; Numbers 18:9
  • 16. Leviticus 4:1-35
  • 17. S Leviticus 7:7
  • 18. 2 Kings 8:12
  • 19. S 1 Kings 15:18; S 2 Chronicles 21:16-17
  • 20. 1 Kings 15:21; 2 Kings 15:20; 2 Kings 19:36
  • 21. 2 Kings 14:5
  • 22. 2 Kings 14:19; 2 Kings 15:10,14,25,30; 2 Kings 21:23; 2 Kings 25:25; 2 Chronicles 24:25
  • 23. Judges 9:6

Footnotes 2

  • [a]. Hebrew "Jehoash," a variant of "Joash" ; also in verses 2, 4, 6, 7 and 18
  • [b]. Or "purification offerings"

Chapter Summary

INTRODUCTION TO 2 KINGS 12

In this chapter some account is given of the reign of Jehoash, that it was long, and the beginning of it good, during the life of Jehoiada, 2Ki 12:1-3 how urgent he was to have the temple repaired, and what methods were taken for that purpose, 2Ki 12:4-16, how meanly, as well as impiously, he behaved, when the king of Syria was about to come up to Jerusalem and besiege it, 2Ki 12:17,18, and the chapter is closed with an account of his death, and the manner of it, 2Ki 12:19-21.

2 Kings 12 Commentaries