Job 12

1 Entonces respondió Job, y dijo:
2 En verdad que sois el pueblo, y con vosotros morirá la sabiduría.
3 Pero yo también tengo inteligencia como vosotros, no soy inferior a vosotros. ¿Y quién no sabe esto?
4 Soy motivo de burla para mis amigos, el que clamó a Dios, y El le respondió. Motivo de burla es el justo e intachable.
5 El que está en holgura desprecia la calamidad, como cosa preparada para aquellos cuyos pies resbalan.
6 Las tiendas de los destructores prosperan, y los que provocan a Dios están seguros, a quienes Dios ha dado el poder que tienen.
7 Y ahora pregunta a las bestias, y que ellas te enseñen, y a las aves de los cielos, y que ellas te informen.
8 O habla a la tierra y que ella te instruya, y que los peces del mar te lo declaren.
9 ¿Quién entre todos ellos no sabe que la mano del SEÑOR ha hecho esto,
10 que en su mano está la vida de todo ser viviente, y el aliento de toda carne de hombre?
11 ¿No distingue el oído las palabras como el paladar prueba la comida?
12 En los ancianos está la sabiduría, y en largura de días el entendimiento.
13 En El están la sabiduría y el poder, y el consejo y el entendimiento son suyos.
14 He aquí, El derriba, y no se puede reedificar; aprisiona a un hombre, y no hay liberación.
15 He aquí, El retiene las aguas, y todo se seca, y las envía e inundan la tierra.
16 En El están la fuerza y la prudencia, suyos son el engañado y el engañador.
17 El hace que los consejeros anden descalzos, y hace necios a los jueces.
18 Rompe las cadenas de los reyes y ata sus lomos con cuerda.
19 Hace que los sacerdotes anden descalzos y derriba a los que están seguros.
20 Priva del habla a los hombres de confianza y quita a los ancianos el discernimiento.
21 Vierte desprecio sobre los nobles y afloja el cinto de los fuertes.
22 Revela los misterios de las tinieblas y saca a la luz la densa oscuridad.
23 Engrandece las naciones, y las destruye; ensancha las naciones, y las dispersa.
24 Priva de inteligencia a los jefes de la gente de la tierra y los hace vagar por un yermo sin camino;
25 andan a tientas en tinieblas, sin luz, y los hace tambalearse como ebrios.

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Job 12 Commentary

Chapter 12

Job reproves his friends. (1-5) The wicked often prosper.(6-11) Job speaks of the wisdom and power of God. (12-25)

Verses 1-5 Job upbraids his friends with the good opinion they had of their own wisdom compared with his. We are apt to call reproofs reproaches, and to think ourselves mocked when advised and admonished; this is our folly; yet here was colour for this charge. He suspected the true cause of their conduct to be, that they despised him who was fallen into poverty. It is the way of the world. Even the just, upright man, if he comes under a cloud, is looked upon with contempt.

Verses 6-11 Job appeals to facts. The most audacious robbers, oppressors, and impious wretches, often prosper. Yet this is not by fortune or chance; the Lord orders these things. Worldly prosperity is of small value in his sight: he has better things for his children. Job resolves all into the absolute proprietorship which God has in all the creatures. He demands from his friends liberty to judge of what they had said; he appeals to any fair judgment.

Verses 12-25 This is a noble discourse of Job concerning the wisdom, power, and sovereignty of God, in ordering all the affairs of the children of men, according to the counsel of His own will, which none can resist. It were well if wise and good men, who differ about lesser things, would see how it is for their honour and comfort, and the good of others, to dwell most upon the great things in which they agree. Here are no complaints, or reflections. He gives many instances of God's powerful management of the children of men, overruling all their counsels, and overcoming all their oppositions. Having all strength and wisdom, God knows how to make use, even of those who are foolish and bad; otherwise there is so little wisdom and so little honesty in the world, that all had been in confusion and ruin long ago. These important truths were suited to convince the disputants that they were out of their depth in attempting to assign the Lord's reasons for afflicting Job; his ways are unsearchable, and his judgments past finding out. Let us remark what beautiful illustrations there are in the word of God, confirming his sovereignty, and wisdom in that sovereignty: but the highest and infinitely the most important is, that the Lord Jesus was crucified by the malice of the Jews; and who but the Lord could have known that this one event was the salvation of the world?

Chapter Summary


In this and the two following chapter Job makes answer to Zophar's discourse in the former; who having represented him as an ignorant man, he resents it, and begins his defence with a biting sarcasm on him and his friends, as being self-conceited, and having an high opinion of their own wisdom, as if none had any but themselves, Job 12:1,2; and puts in his claim for a share with them, as being not at all inferior to them, Job 12:3; and then refutes their notions, that it always goes well with good men, and ill with bad men; whereas the reverse is the truth, Job 12:4-6; and which they might learn from the brute creatures; or he sends them to them, to observe to them, that the best things they had knowledge of concerning God and his providence, and of his wisdom therein, were common notions that everyone had, and might be learned from beasts, birds, and fishes; particularly, that all things in the whole universe are made by God, and sustained by him, and are under his direction, and at his disposal, Job 12:7-10; and such things might as easily be searched, examined, and judged of, as sounds are tried by the ear, and food by the mouth, Job 12:11; and seeing it is usual among men, at least it may be expected that men in years should have a considerable share of wisdom and knowledge, it might be strongly inferred from thence, without any difficulty, that the most perfect and consummate wisdom was in God, Job 12:12,13; whence he passes on to discourse most admirably and excellently of the wisdom and power of God in the dispensations of his providence, in a variety of instances; which shows his knowledge of his perfections, ways, and works, was not inferior to that of his friends, Job 12:14-25.

Job 12 Commentaries

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