And it came to pass, when Jabin king of Hazor had heard [these
The taking of Jericho and Ai, the defeat of the five kings, and the conquest of the southern part of the land of Canaan; he was alarmed by them, and sent to all the northern kings to join with him against Israel; and he the rather took this upon him, because as Adonizedek king of Jerusalem was the principal king in the southern part of the land, so was he in the northern part; see ( Joshua 11:10 ) ; Hazor fell to the tribe of Naphtali, ( Joshua 19:36 ) . It was situated, as Josephus
that he sent to Jobab king of Madon;
of which place we nowhere else read but in ( Joshua 12:19 ) ; though Brocard F17 finds a place near Dan, called Madan by the Turks at this day:
and to the king of Shimron;
not Samaria, as many think, for that was built by Omri, king of Israel, and had its name from Shemer, the owner of the hill on which it was built some hundreds of years after this; besides Samaria was in the tribe of Ephraim, this in the tribe of Zebulun, ( Joshua 19:15 ) ; and is called Shimronmeron, ( Joshua 12:20 ) ; and in the Jerusalem Talmud F18 Simoniah, and here in the Septuagint version Symoson:
and to the king of Achshaph:
a city which fell to the lot of the tribe of Asher, ( Joshua 19:25 ) . The Septuagint calls it Aziph, as if it was the same with Achzib, or Ecdippa, now called Zib: but Achshaph and Achzib are manifestly distinguished, ( Joshua 19:25 Joshua 19:29 ) . Jerom says F19, in his time it was a little village, and went by the name of Chasalus, eight miles from Diocaesarea, at the foot of Mount Tabor. The Arabic version adds a fourth king that Jabin sent to, called "the king of Mausel"; but we read not of any such place in the land of Canaan.
F14 Antiqu. l. 5. c. 5. sect. 1.
F15 Theatrum Terrae Sanct. p. 102.
F16 Travels of the Patriarchs p. 101.
F17 Apud Fuller's Pisgah Sight, B. 2. c. 4. p. 114.
F18 Megillah, fol. 70. 1.
F19 De loc. Heb. fol. 88. C. D.