Joshua 11:1

Victories in the north

1 King Jabin of Hazor heard about this. So he sent word to Madon's King Jobab, to the king of Shimron, and to the king of Achshaph.

Joshua 11:1 Meaning and Commentary

Joshua 11:1

And it came to pass, when Jabin king of Hazor had heard [these
The taking of Jericho and Ai, the defeat of the five kings, and the conquest of the southern part of the land of Canaan; he was alarmed by them, and sent to all the northern kings to join with him against Israel; and he the rather took this upon him, because as Adonizedek king of Jerusalem was the principal king in the southern part of the land, so was he in the northern part; see ( Joshua 11:10 ) ; Hazor fell to the tribe of Naphtali, ( Joshua 19:36 ) . It was situated, as Josephus


F14 says, on the lake Samachonitis, the same with the waters of Merom, ( Joshua 11:5 ) . According to Adrichomius F15, it was four miles from the castle Theron to the north, six miles from Caesarea Philippi to the southwest, and nine miles from the great sea to the east; and was, in the times of Christ, one of the ten principal cities of the region of Decapolis, in which he preached, ( Matthew 4:25 ) ; and is now called Antiopia; and in the Arabic version here it is called Caesarea, and, according to Bunting F16, it lay eighty miles from Jerusalem to the north:

that he sent to Jobab king of Madon;
of which place we nowhere else read but in ( Joshua 12:19 ) ; though Brocard F17 finds a place near Dan, called Madan by the Turks at this day:

and to the king of Shimron;
not Samaria, as many think, for that was built by Omri, king of Israel, and had its name from Shemer, the owner of the hill on which it was built some hundreds of years after this; besides Samaria was in the tribe of Ephraim, this in the tribe of Zebulun, ( Joshua 19:15 ) ; and is called Shimronmeron, ( Joshua 12:20 ) ; and in the Jerusalem Talmud F18 Simoniah, and here in the Septuagint version Symoson:

and to the king of Achshaph:
a city which fell to the lot of the tribe of Asher, ( Joshua 19:25 ) . The Septuagint calls it Aziph, as if it was the same with Achzib, or Ecdippa, now called Zib: but Achshaph and Achzib are manifestly distinguished, ( Joshua 19:25 Joshua 19:29 ) . Jerom says F19, in his time it was a little village, and went by the name of Chasalus, eight miles from Diocaesarea, at the foot of Mount Tabor. The Arabic version adds a fourth king that Jabin sent to, called "the king of Mausel"; but we read not of any such place in the land of Canaan.

F14 Antiqu. l. 5. c. 5. sect. 1.
F15 Theatrum Terrae Sanct. p. 102.
F16 Travels of the Patriarchs p. 101.
F17 Apud Fuller's Pisgah Sight, B. 2. c. 4. p. 114.
F18 Megillah, fol. 70. 1.
F19 De loc. Heb. fol. 88. C. D.

Joshua 11:1 In-Context

1 King Jabin of Hazor heard about this. So he sent word to Madon's King Jobab, to the king of Shimron, and to the king of Achshaph.
2 He sent word to the kings from the north part of the highlands, in the desert plain south of Chinneroth, in the lowlands, and in Naphoth-dor on the west.
3 He sent word to the Canaanites from east and west, to the Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, and Jebusites in the highlands, and to the Hivites at the foot of Hermon in the land of Mizpah.
4 They went out with all their battalions as a great army. They were as numerous as the grains of sand on the seashore. There were very many horses and chariots.
5 All these kings came together. They came and camped together at the waters of Merom to fight against Israel.
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