Psalms 78:25

25 Each person ate the bread of the powerful ones; God sent provisions to satisfy them.

Psalms 78:25 Meaning and Commentary

Psalms 78:25

Man did eat angels' food
Or, "the bread of the mighty" {d}; such as Moses and Elijah ate of; so Arama; but Aben Ezra and Kimchi interpret it of the clouds, or skies, said to be strong, ( Job 37:18 ) in which the manna was prepared, and let down: but rather the words may be read, "every man did eat the bread of the mighty ones"; of princes and nobles, and the great men of the earth; it was royal food, it was princely fare; and, indeed, the common people of Israel ate the same as their princes and nobles did; they all fared alike; but the Septuagint, Vulgate Latin, and all the Oriental versions, render the word "angels", and so Jarchi interprets it, and who are called mighty angels, and are creatures that excel in strength, ( 2 Thessalonians 1:7 ) ( Psalms 103:20 ) now the manna may be said to be their food, as it is in the Apocrypha:

``Instead whereof thou feddest thine own people with angels' food, and didst send them from heaven bread prepared without their labour, able to content every man's delight, and agreeing to every taste.'' (Wisdom 16:20)

because it might be prepared in the air by the ministry of angels, and given by their disposition, as the law was, ( Acts 7:53 ) or because it came down from heaven, where they dwell, and so the Targum,

``the children of men did eat food, which came down from the habitation of angels;''

or because it was most excellent food, as the tongue of angels is the most excellent and eloquent, ( 1 Corinthians 13:1 ) , or because it was such food, that, if angels ate any, it was fit for them, and not at all unworthy of them. Cocceius thinks, and so Gussetius F5, that by the mighty ones are meant the mighty God, Father, Son, and Spirit, by whom this food was prepared and given; so the word is used in the singular number, of Jehovah, who is called the mighty One of Jacob, ( Genesis 49:24 ) and of the Redeemer, ( Isaiah 49:26 ) ,

he sent them meat to the full;
which may be understood either of the manna, of which they had great plenty, so that there was no lack for any man, and this continued with them till they came to the land of Canaan; or of the quails, of which in the following verses.


F4 (Myryba) "fortium", Pagninus, Montanus "magnificorum, potentium", Vatablus.
F5 Comment. Ebr. p. 14. Vid. Witsium de Oeconom. Foeder. l. 4. c. 10. sect. 99.

Psalms 78:25 In-Context

23 God gave orders to the skies above, opened heaven's doors,
24 and rained manna on them so they could eat. He gave them the very grain of heaven!
25 Each person ate the bread of the powerful ones; God sent provisions to satisfy them.
26 God set the east wind moving across the skies and drove the south wind by his strength.
27 He rained meat on them as if it were dust in the air; he rained as many birds as the sand on the seashore!

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. Or everyone ate the bread from heaven; Heb uncertain