13:2 And he did [that which was] evil in the sight of the LORD, and followed the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, which made Israel to a sin; he departed not therefrom.
(a) By worshipping the calves Jeroboam erected in Israel. 13:3 And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel, and he delivered them into the hand of Hazael king of Syria, and into the hand of Benhadad the son of Hazael, all b [their] days.
(b) While Jehoahaz lived. 13:5 (And the LORD gave Israel a c saviour, so that they went out from under the hand of the Syrians: and the children of Israel d dwelt in their tents, as beforetime.
(c) That is, Joash the son of Jehoahaz. 13:6 Nevertheless they departed not from the sins of the house of Jeroboam, who made Israel sin, [but] walked therein: and there remained the e grove also in Samaria.)
(d) Safely and without danger.
(e) In which they committed their idolatry, and which the Lord had commanded to be destroyed ( Deuteronomy 16:21 ). 13:7 Neither did he leave of the people to Jehoahaz but fifty horsemen, and ten chariots, and ten thousand footmen; for the king of f Syria had destroyed them, and had made them like the dust by threshing.
(f) That is, Hazael and Benhadad his son, ( 2 Kings 13:3 ). Of Hazael read ( 2 Kings 13:22 ). 13:10 In the thirty and seventh year of Joash king g of Judah began Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz to reign over Israel in Samaria, [and reigned] sixteen years.
(g) His chief purpose is to describe the kingdom of Judah, and how God performed his promise made to the house of David: but in the process he shows how Israel was afflicted and punished for their great idolatry, who though they had now degenerated, yet God both by sending them many prophets and various punishments, called them to him again. 13:14 Now Elisha was fallen sick of his sickness whereof he died. And Joash the king of Israel came down unto him, and wept over his face, and said, h O my father, my father, the chariot of Israel, and the horsemen thereof.
(h) Thus they used to call the prophets and servants of God, by whom God blesses his people, as in ( 2 Kings 2:12 ) meaning that they prospered their country more by their prayers than by force of arms. 13:17 And he said, Open the window i eastward. And he opened [it]. Then Elisha said, Shoot. And he shot. And he said, The arrow of the LORDS deliverance, and the arrow of deliverance from Syria: for thou shalt smite the Syrians in Aphek, till thou have consumed [them].
(i) That is, toward Syria: so that he not only prophesied with words but also confirmed him by these signs that he would have the victory. 13:19 And the man of God was k wroth with him, and said, Thou shouldest have smitten five or six times; then hadst thou smitten Syria till thou hadst consumed [it]: whereas now thou shalt smite Syria [but] thrice.
(k) Because he seemed content to have victory against the enemies of God two or three times but did not have the zeal to overcome them continually, and to destroy them completely. 13:21 And it came to pass, as they were burying a man, that, behold, they spied a band [of men]; and they cast the man into the sepulchre of Elisha: and when the man was let down, and touched the bones of Elisha, he l revived, and stood up on his feet.
(l) By this miracle God confirmed the authority of Elisha, whose doctrine in his life they contemned, that at this sight they might return and embrace the same doctrine. 13:23 And the LORD was gracious unto them, and had compassion on them, and had respect unto them, because of his covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and would not destroy them, neither cast he them from his presence as m yet.
(m) That is, until their sins were come to a full measure and there was no more hope of amendment.