2:1 And it came to pass after this, that David a enquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up into any of the cities of Judah? And the LORD said unto him, Go up. And David said, Whither shall I go up? And he said, Unto b Hebron.
(a) By means of the high priest, ( 1 Samuel 23:2 ; 2 Samuel 5:19 ). 2:3 And his men that [were] with c him did David bring up, every man with his household: and they dwelt in the cities of Hebron.
(b) Which was also called Kirjatharba ( Joshua 14:15 ).
(c) In the time of his persecution. 2:6 And now the LORD shew kindness and d truth unto you: and I also will requite you this kindness, because ye have done this thing.
(d) According to his promise, which is to repay those who are merciful. 2:7 Therefore now let your hands be strengthened, and be ye valiant: for your master Saul is dead, and also the house of Judah have anointed me e king over them.
(e) So that you shall not want a captain and a defender. 2:9 And made him king over Gilead, and over the Ashurites, and over Jezreel, and over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, and over f all Israel.
(f) Over the eleven tribes. 2:11 And the time that David was king in Hebron over the house of Judah was seven years and six g months.
(g) After this he reigned over all the country 33 years, ( 2 Samuel 5:5 ). 2:14 And Abner said to Joab, Let the young men now arise, and h play before us. And Joab said, Let them arise.
(h) Let us see how they can handle their weapons. 2:16 And they caught every one his i fellow by the head, and [thrust] his sword in his fellows side; so they fell down together: wherefore that place was called Helkathhazzurim, which [is] in Gibeon.
(i) Meaning his adversary. 2:17 And there was a very sore battle that day; and Abner was beaten, and the men of Israel, k before the servants of David.
(k) After that these four and twenty were slain. 2:22 And Abner said again to Asahel, Turn thee aside from following me: l wherefore should I smite thee to the ground? how then should I hold up my face to Joab thy brother?
(l) Why do you provoke me to kill you? 2:23 Howbeit he refused to turn aside: wherefore Abner with the hinder end of the spear smote him under the m fifth [rib], that the spear came out behind him; and he fell down there, and died in the same place: and it came to pass, [that] as many as came to the place where Asahel fell down and died stood still.
(m) Some read, in those parts where the lively parts lie, the heart, lungs, liver, and gall bladder. 2:26 Then Abner called to Joab, and said, Shall the n sword devour for ever? knowest thou not that it will be bitterness in the latter end? how long shall it be then, ere thou bid the people return from following their brethren?
(n) Shall we not make an end of murdering? 2:27 And Joab said, [As] God liveth, unless thou hadst o spoken, surely then in the morning the people had gone up every one from following his brother.
(o) If you had not provoked them to battle, ( 2 Samuel 2:14 ). 2:31 But the servants of David had smitten of Benjamin, and of Abners men, [so that] three p hundred and threescore men died.
(p) Thus God would confirm David in his kingdom by the destruction of his adversaries.