When [men] are cast down
Wicked men are brought down from a state of prosperity to a state of adversity, are in low circumstances, great straits and difficulties:
then thou shall say, [there is] lifting up;
that is, for himself and his; when others are in adversity, he should be in prosperity; when others are cast down into a very low estate and distressed condition, he should be exalted to a very high estate, and be in affluent circumstances, see ( Psalms 147:6 ) ; or else the sense is, when thou and thine, and what belong to thee, are humbled and brought low, then thou mayest promise thyself a restoration and change for the better; and boldly say, they will be lifted up, and raised up again, since God's usual method is to exalt the humble, and to abase the proud, ( Luke 14:11 ) ; or rather, this may respect the benefit and advantage that humble persons wound gain by Job, and his prayers for them, and may be rendered and interpreted thus: "when they have humbled" F17 themselves, and bowed themselves low at thy feet, and especially before God, "then thou shall say", pray unto God for them, that "there [may be a] lifting up", raising them up out of their low estate, and thou shall be heard:
and he shall save the humble person;
that is, "low of eyes" F18, humble in his eyes; who is so pressed with troubles and distress, that he hangs down his head, looks upon the ground, and will not lift up his eyes, but is of a dejected countenance; or that is low in his own eyes, has humble thoughts of himself, esteems others better than himself, and lies low before God under a sense of his sinfulness and unworthiness, and casts himself entirely upon the grace and mercy of God; such an one he saves, in a spiritual sense, out of his troubles and afflictions; he does not forget the cry of such humble ones, but remembers them, and grants their desires: and he saves the lowly and humble with a spiritual and eternal salvation; gives more grace unto them, and outfits them for glory, and at last gives glory itself; raises them on high to sit among princes, and to inherit the throne of glory; the meek shall inherit the earth, the new heavens and earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness, ( James 4:6 ) ( Matthew 5:5 ) .
F17 (wlypvh yk) "quum humiliaverint", Montanus, Cocceius, Michaelis.
F18 (Mynye xv) "demissum oculis", Montanus, Beza, Junius & Tremellius, Piscator; "humilem oculis", Vatablus.