And they turned
From Jaazer, after they had taken it, and came back a little way:
and went up by the way of Bashan;
which was a nearer way to Canaan, a fine country abounding with oxen and sheep, having rich pastures, and very famous for its oaks; it had its name from the mountain of Bashan in it, and has been since called Batanea; it was at this time in the hands of the Amorites, and from them it was taken by Israel, as follows: who marched this way for that purpose, or at least were so directed by the providence of God for that end:
and Og king of Bashan went out against them;
who was of the race of the giants, and he himself of a gigantic stature, and was a king of the Amorites, as well as Sihon, ( Deuteronomy 3:8 Deuteronomy 3:11 ) , he came out in an hostile manner against Israel, to stop them going any further:
he, and all his people:
out of his many cities, a numerous army no doubt:
to the battle at Edrei;
where it was fought between him and Israel. Jerom says F20 it was in his time called Adara, a famous city of Arabia, twenty four or twenty five miles from Bozra, and six from Ashtaroth Karnaim, the ancient seat of the Rephaim, or giants from whom Og sprung, ( Genesis 14:5 ) , and was the seat of Og now, from whence he came to Edrei or Adara, to meet and fight Israel there; see ( Deuteronomy 1:4 ) .
F20 De locis Heb. fol. 87. I. & 92. M.