Surely the wrath of man shall praise thee
Either the wrath which comes from God, and has man for its object; and that either as it regards the people of God; so the Targum,
``when thou art angry with thy people, thou hast mercy on them, and they shall confess unto thy name;''or praise thee; see ( Isaiah 12:1 ) , they are deserving of the wrath of God, but are not appointed to it, and are delivered from it by Christ, who bore it for them as their representative; by which as the justice of God is glorified, it is matter of praise to them; when the law enters into their consciences, it works wrath there, which being removed by the application of pardoning grace, is an occasion of praise to God; and whereas, under afflictive dispensations, they apprehend and deprecate the wrath of God, when they are delivered from them their mouths are filled with songs of praise: or, as it regards wicked men, so it came forth upon the old world, and drowned it; upon Sodom and Gomorrah, and reduced them to ashes; upon Pharaoh and the Egyptians, in the plagues inflicted on them; all which turned to the praise and glory of God; of the last instance, see ( Romans 9:17 ) ( Exodus 15:1 ) , it came upon the wicked Jews to the uttermost in the destruction of their nation, city, and temple; and upon Rome Pagan, in the entire demolition of it as such; and so it will come upon Rome Papal, which will be attended with great joy, praise, and thanksgiving in the saints; see ( Revelation 11:17 Revelation 11:18 ) ( Revelation 15:1-4 ) ( 18:20 ) ( Revelation 19:1 Revelation 19:2 ) or else this is to be understood of the wrath which is in man, and comes forth from him, and has him for its subject; which though it does not work the righteousness of God, yet the righteousness of God is glorified both in checking and punishing it; and the more it rages and burns against the people of God, the greater reason have they to praise the Lord when delivered from it; see ( Psalms 124:1-3 ) , so the wrath of the Assyrian monarch, and of railing and blaspheming Rabshakeh, gave the people of the Jews a greater occasion to praise the Lord for their wonderful deliverance; so the wrath of men against Christ, his church and people, his ministers, Gospel, and ordinances, will all turn to the glory of his name, when in the issue it will be seen that these are established, overcoming all the rage and malice of men:
the remainder of wrath shall thou restrain:
that which remains in a man's breast, he has not yet vented, God can and does keep in, that it may not break forth; this very likely was verified in Sennacherib, who might breathe revenge, and threaten the Jews with a second visit; but was prevented by a sudden and violent death. Some read the words, "the remainder of wraths thou wilt gird" F4; that is, those that remain, and are not destroyed through the rage and fury of men, God will gird with strength to defend themselves, and resist their enemies that may rise up against them, or with gladness, because of deliverance from them; see ( Psalms 18:32 ) ( Psalms 30:11 Psalms 30:12 ) . Some understand this of the wrath of God, which he has in reserve and store for wicked men, and render the words thus, with the remainder of wrath wilt thou gird thyself F5; and so come forth like an armed man, clad with zeal, and arrayed with the garments of wrath and vengeance; see ( Isaiah 49:17 Isaiah 49:18 ) .
F4 (rgxt tmx tyrav) "res duum irarum accinges", Pagninus, Montanus, Vatablus, Piscator, Gejerus.
F5 "Reliquo indignationum accinges te", so some in Vatablus; "residuo irarum accinges te", Michaelis.