SUMMARY.--A Charge to the Elders. The Young Exhorted. Humility Enjoined. Watchfulness. Salutations from the Brethren at Babylon.
8-11. Be sober. Sobriety is necessary to vigilance. Be vigilant. Wide awake and watchful. The reason follows. An enemy is ready to spring upon them. The devil, as a roaring lion. He goeth about as the lion, seeking for prey. The lion while hunting only roars when it springs. So the devil is stealthy and does not give warning of his approach. 9. Whom resist. See James 4:7 . When the devil is resisted he flees. Stedfast. Firm in the faith. Knowing that the same sufferings, etc. That your sufferings are not unusual, but that the brethren everywhere suffer as you do. 10. And the God of all grace. Who bestows all grace. Who called you. God is always spoken of as the author of the calling. A little while. You may be called to suffer for a season, but it will soon be over. Make you perfect. He will supply every need, leave nothing wanting.
12-14. By Silvanus. Silas, the old companion of Paul. See Acts, chapter 16 . It has been supposed that Paul, then a prisoner at Rome, had sent Silvanus to Peter. Our faithful brother, as I suppose. This implies that Peter had little personal acquaintance, Silvanus having been with Paul in the work among the Gentiles. Have written unto you. He sends this letter "by Silvanus." This is the true grace of God. The gospel which had been preached to them. 13. She that is in Babylon. See Revision. The word church is not in the Greek. Peter probably referred to his wife. The salutations are from individuals. Babylon. See remarks in /Commentaries/PeoplesNewTestament/pnt.cgi?book=re&chapter=008#" Alford says, "There is no reason whatever for regarding this any place but the Chaldean capital." So doth Mark, my son. Most likely John Mark, the author of the second gospel. See Acts 12:12 Acts 13:5 Acts 15:37 13:5 . 14. Salute one another with a kiss of love. See notes on Rom. 16:16;/Commentaries/PeoplesNewTestament/pnt.cgi?book=&chapter=000#_"