2.2.5. Use of Bible Addresses

All book names within Bible addresses appear in one of two forms: (1) the full formal name (e.g., Revelation), or (2) a standardized abbreviation. The standardized abbreviations are: Gen., Ex., Lev., Num., Deu., Jos., Jdg., Ru., 1S., 2S., 1K., 2K., 1Chr., 2Chr., Ezra, Ne., Est., Job, Ps., Pr., Ecc., Sos., Isa., Jer., Lam., Eze., Dan., Hos., Joel, Amos, Ob., Jonah, Mic., Nah., Hab., Zep., Hag., Zec., Mal., Mtt., Mark, Luke, John, Acts, 1Cor., 2Cor., Gal., Eph., Php., Col., 1Th., 2Th., 1Ti., 2Ti., Tit., Phm., Heb., Jas., 1Pe., 2Pe., 1Jn., 2Jn., 3Jn., Jude, Rev.1

Citations from other works appear verbatim with the following exceptions: (1) Bible addresses for which the book of Revelation is assumed, which omit an explicit book name, have been modified to include an initial book name designating the book of Revelation; (2) Bible addresses which employ abbreviated book names have been converted to use the standardized book abbreviations (above); (3) Bible addresses for single-chapter books which omit the chapter number (e.g., “Jude Jude 1:5”) have been augmented with an initial chapter number of “1” (e.g., “Jude Jude 1:5”). These changes have been made to standardize Bible addresses to facilitate the automated conversion and adaptation of this text for inclusion in computer-based study tools.

In digital versions of this commentary, all Bible addresses are cross-referenced to a companion Bible. By clicking on a Bible address with the mouse, the companion Bible opens at the specified passage. Bible addresses within the book of Revelation contain an additional cross-reference to the associated verse-by-verse commentary within this commentary. Click on the “+” sign following any address in the book of Revelation to open the verse-by-verse commentary for the related chapter and verse. Clicking on the address itself opens the companion Bible. Clicking on the “+” sign which follows the address opens the verse-by-verse commentary. You can try it with the following Bible address: Rev. Rev. 1:1+.


1 Recognizing that no single set of Bible book abbreviations is optimum in terms of length, readability, and interoperation with other study aids, we are mainly interested in standardization to facilitate digital processing of this document.